9780631211259

The Literatures of Colonial America An Anthology

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780631211259

  • ISBN10:

    063121125X

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-02-14
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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Summary

Compiled in response to emerging transnational perspectives in American Studies, this comprehensive and imaginative anthology brings together a rich variety of works of colonial literature from across the Americas, covering the period from first contact, through to settlement and the emergence of national identities, with an emphasis on the American Revolutionary period.

Author Biography

Susan Castillo is Head of English Literature and Reader at Glasgow University. Her books include Notes from the Periphery: Marginality in North American Literature and Culture (1995), Engendering Identities (1996) and Native American Women in Literature and Culture (1997, with Victor Da Rosa).

Ivy Schweitzer is Associate Professor of English at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, and teaches in the Women's Studies, Comparative Literature and Jewish Studies Programs. She is the author of The Work of Self-Representation: Lyric Poetry in Colonial New England (1991).

Table of Contents

Preface xvi
Acknowledgments xix
Part One: Exploration and Contact to 1600 1(102)
Introduction
3(5)
Before Columbus: Native American Cultures
8(15)
The Pre-Columbian World
8(2)
The Origin Myth of Acoma...
10(3)
The Winnebago Trickster Cycle
13(3)
The Origin of Stories (Seneca)
16(2)
Pre-Columbian Literatures of the Quiche
18(1)
Anonymous Quiche author (sixteenth century): Popol Vuh
19(1)
Excerpts from the Mayan Chilam Balam
20(3)
New World Encounters
23(80)
Christopher Columbus (1451--1506)
23(4)
From The Letter of Columbus on the Discovery of America...
24(3)
Bartolome de Las Casas (1474--1566)
27(6)
The History of the Indies
28(1)
From Book I, Chapter XXXVII: On the Natural Law of God in His World...
28(2)
Book I, Chapter XL: Of the Island which Lay Before Them, and its People
30(2)
From Book III, Chapter LXXVIII: Of the Labors of the Indians in Cuba
32(1)
Pero Vaz de Caminha (1467?--1520?)
33(1)
From The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha to King Manuel I, May 1, 1500
33(1)
Giovanni da Verrazzano (1485--1528)
34(2)
From The Voyage of Verrazzano, Florentine Noble in the Service of Francois I, King of France, 1524
35(1)
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca (1490?--1556?)
36(4)
From Chapter 12: The Indians Bring us Food
37(1)
From Chapter 15: What Befell us Among the People of Mahado
38(1)
From Chapter 22: The Coming of Other Sick to us the Next Day
39(1)
Bernal Diaz del Castillo (1492--1581)
40(22)
History of the Conquest of New Spain
40(1)
From Chapter 37: Of how Dona Marina was a great lady and daughter of great lords, and mistress over towns and vassals, and how she was brought to Tabasco
40(2)
From Chapter 88: Of the great and solemn Montezuma's great and solemn reception of Cortes and of all of us on our entrance into Mexico
42(2)
From Chapter 89: Of how Montezuma came to our quarters with many chieftains, and the conversation he had with our Captain
44(1)
From Chapter 90: Of how soon thereafter our Captain went to see the great Montezuma, and of certain conversations they had
45(1)
Chapter 91: Of the manner and appearance of Montezuma
46(6)
From Chapter 93: Of how we made our Church and altar in our quarters, and a cross outside our quarters, and other events, and of how we found the antechamber and chamber where Montezuma's father's treasure is kept, and how it was agreed that Montezuma should be detained
52(1)
From Chapter 95: Montezuma's arrest
53(2)
From Chapter 97: Of how when Montezuma was held prisoner, Cortes and all our soldiers treated him with affection, and even allowed him to go to his temples
55(1)
From Chapter 107: Of Cortes and Montezuma
56(1)
From Chapter 150: The Siege of Mexico
57(1)
From Chapter 152: Of how the Indians took seventy-two live prisoners to be sacrificed
58(1)
From Chapter 156: Guatemoc's arrest
59(3)
Native Views of the Conquest of Mexico
62(9)
The Omens Described by Munoz Camargo (1520)
62(2)
A Macehual Arrives from the Gulf Coast
64(1)
The Story of the Conquest as Told by the Anonymous Authors of Tlatelolco
65(1)
The Arrival of Cortes (1519--1521)
65(1)
The Massacre in the Main Temple
66(1)
The Night of Sorrows
66(1)
The Spaniards Return
67(1)
The Tlatelolcas Are Invited to Make a Treaty
67(1)
The Fighting is Renewed
68(1)
Epic Description of the Beseiged City
69(1)
The Message from Cortes
69(1)
The City Falls
70(1)
The People Flee the City
70(1)
The Fall of Tenochtitlan
70(1)
Flowers and Songs of Sorrow
71(1)
Diego de Landa (1524?--1579)
71(2)
From Account of Things in Yucatan
72(1)
XV: Cruelties of the Spaniards Toward the Indians
72(1)
XLI: Cycle of the Mayas. Their Writing
72(1)
LII: Conclusion
73(1)
Hans Staden (fl. 1550s)
73(8)
From The True History of His Captivity, 1557
74(1)
From Part I: The True History and Description of a Country of Savages, a Naked and Terrible People, Eaters of Men's Flesh, Who Dwell in the New World Called America...
74(1)
Chapter I
74(1)
From Chapter XVIII
75(1)
Chapter XXII
75(1)
Chapter XXIII
76(1)
Chapter XXIV
76(1)
Chapter XXVII
77(1)
From Chapter XLII
77(1)
From Chapter XLIII
78(1)
From Part II: A True and Brief Account of all that I Learnt Concerning the Trade and Manners of the Tuppin Inbas, whose Captive I Was
78(1)
Chapter XXIII: How They Turn the Women into Soothsayers
78(1)
From Chapter XXV: Why One Enemy Eats Another
78(1)
Chapter XXVIII: Of Their Manner of Killing and Eating Their Enemies. Of the Instrument with which They Kill Them and the Rites which Follow
78(2)
From The Concluding Address
80(1)
Manuel da Nobrega (1517--1570)
81(11)
Dialogue for the Conversion of the Indians
81(11)
Thomas Harriot (1560--1621)
92(7)
From A briefe and true report of the new found land of Virginia
93(1)
From The first part of Merchantable Commodities
93(1)
Of the Nature and Maners of the People
93(6)
Samuel de Champlain (1570?--1635)
99(4)
From Voyages of Samuel de Champlain, 1604--1618
100(1)
The Voyages of 1604--7
100(3)
Part Two: New World Identities: Exploration and Settlement to 1700 103(254)
Introduction
105(8)
New Spain
113(65)
El Inca Garcilaso de la Vega (1539--1616)
113(4)
From The Florida of the Inca
114(1)
The Inca's Dedication
114(1)
The Inca's Preface
114(3)
Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala (1525?--1615?)
117(15)
From Letter to a King (1613)
118(1)
Royal Administrators
118(3)
At Wayside Inns
121(1)
Spaniards
122(1)
Proprietors
123(1)
The Fathers
124(1)
Negroes
125(1)
The King's Questions
126(6)
Gaspar Perez de Villagra (1555--1620)
132(6)
History of New Mexico, 1610
132(1)
From Canto I: Which sets forth the outline of the history and the location of New Mexico, and the reports had of it in the traditions of the Indians, and of the true origin and descent of the Mexicans
132(1)
Canto XXI: How Zutacapan called an assembly of the Acoma Indians and the discord there was among them, and of the treason they made
133(3)
From Canto XXXIII: How Zutancalpo was found by his four sisters and of the end and death of Gicombo and Luzcoija
136(2)
Francisco Nunez de Pineda y Bascunan (1607--1682)
138(2)
The Happy Captivity...
138(1)
From Book I, Chapter IX: The Beginning of the Captivity
138(1)
Book III, Chapter XXXI: A Feast
139(1)
Carlos de Siguenza y Gongora (1645--1700)
140(6)
The Misadventures of Alonso Ramirez
140(1)
From Chapter I: The Motives He Had for Leaving His Country. Work and Travel through New Spain; His Presence in Mexico until Leaving for the Philippines
140(3)
From Chapter II: His Departure from Acapulco for the Philippines; the Route of this Voyage and How He Passed the Time until Captured by the English
143(1)
From Chapter III: A Brief Summary of the Thievery and Cruelty of these Pirates on Land and Sea until Arriving in America
144(2)
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz (1648--1695)
146(14)
Number 48: In Reply to a Gentleman from Peru, Who Sent Her Clay Vessels While Suggesting She Would Better Be a Man
146(2)
Number 92: A Philosophical Satire
148(2)
Number 94: Which Reveals the Honorable Ancestry of a High-Born Drunkard
150(1)
Number 145: She Attempts to Minimize the Praise Occasioned by a Portrait of Herself Inscribed by Truth - Which She Calls Ardor
150(1)
Number 146: She Laments Her Fortune, She Hints of Her Aversion to All Vice, and Justifies her Diversion with the Muses
150(1)
Number 317: Villancico VI, from ``Santa Catarina,'' 1691
150(1)
Number 367: Loa for the Auto sacramental The Divine Narcissus through Allegories
151(9)
The Miraculous Apparition of the Beloved Virgin Mary, Our Lady of Guadalupe, at Tepeyacac, near Mexico City (1649)
160(6)
History of the Miraculous Apparition
160(6)
A Nahuatl Song to Holy Mary
166(1)
Records of the Spanish Inquisition, New Mexico, 1664
166(4)
Excerpts From the Trial of Bernardo de Mendizabal
167(3)
Don Antonio de Otermin (fl. 1680)
170(8)
Letter on the Pueblo Revolt of 1680
171(7)
New France
178(19)
Jerome Lalemant (1593--1673)
178(3)
The Earthquake
178(3)
Louis Hennepin (1626--after 1701)
181(13)
From Description of Louisiana, Recently Discovered Southwest of New France, by order of His Majesty (1683)
182(1)
Letter to King Louis XIV
182(6)
From The Manners of the Indians
188(1)
On the Fertility of the Indian Country
188(1)
Origins of the Indians
188(1)
Physical Condition of the Indians
189(2)
Marriages of the Indians
191(2)
The Obstacles to the Conversion of the Indians
193(1)
Indifference of the Indians
193(1)
Chretian Le Clercq (fl. 1641--1695)
194(3)
From New Relation of Gaspesia
194(1)
The Sun Wept in Grief
194(1)
``I am astonished that the French have so little wit''
195(2)
Middle Atlantic: The Chesapeake and the Indies
197(39)
John Smith (1580--1631)
197(8)
The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England, and the Summer Isles
198(1)
From The Third Book, The Proceedings and Accidents of the English Colony in Virginia
198(5)
From A Description of New England
203(2)
Richard Ligon (1585?--1662)
205(8)
From A True and Exact History of the Islands of Barbadoes
205(8)
George Alsop (1636?--1673?)
213(9)
From A Character of the Province of Mary-land (1666)
214(4)
From ``A Relation of the Customs, Manners, Absurdities, and Religion of the Susquehanock Indians in and near Mary-Land''
218(4)
John Lederer (1644--after 1672)
222(3)
Instructions to Such as Shall March upon Discoveries into the North American Continent (1672)
223(1)
Touching Trade with Indians
224(1)
Nathaniel Bacon (1647--1676)
225(5)
Manifesto Concerning the Present Troubles in Virginia
226(2)
The Declaration of the People
228(2)
James Revel (after 1640s--?)
230(6)
``The Poor Unhappy Transported Felon's Sorrowful Account of His Fourteen Years of Transportation at Virginia in America''
231(5)
New England
236(102)
Thomas Morton (1579?--1647?)
236(7)
New English Canaan
237(1)
From Book I: Containing the originall of the Natives, their manners & Customes, with their tractable nature and love towards the English
237(1)
Chapter VII: Of their Child-bearing, and delivery, and what manner of persons they are
237(1)
Chapter XVI: Of their acknowledgment of the Creation, and immortality of the Soule
238(1)
Chapter XX: That the Salvages live a contented life
238(2)
From Book II: A Description of the Beauty of the Country
240(1)
Chapter I: The General Survey of the Country
240(1)
From Book III: Containing a description of the People that are planted there, what remarkable Accidents have happened there since they were setled, what Tenents they hould, together with the practice of their Church.
240(1)
Chapter XIV: Of the Revells of New Canaan.
240(2)
Chapter XVI: How the 9 worthies put mine Host of Ma-re Mount in to the inchaunted Castle at Plimmouth, and terrified him with the Monster Briareus
242(1)
John Winthrop (1588--1649)
243(13)
From ``A Modell of Christian Charity''
244(6)
From Winthrop's Journal: History of New England, 1630--1649
250(6)
William Bradford (1590--1657)
256(11)
Of Plymouth Plantation: 1620--1647
257(1)
From Book I, Chapter IX: Of their Voyage, and how they Passed the Sea; and of their Safe Arrival at Cape Cod
257(2)
From Book I, Chapter X: Showing How they Sought out a place of Habitation; and What Befell them Thereabout
259(1)
From Book II, Chapter XI: The Remainder of Anno 1620
260(1)
[The Mayflower Compact]
260(1)
[The Starving Time]
261(1)
[Indian Relations]
262(1)
From Book II, Chapter XIV: Anno Domini 1623
263(1)
[End of the ``Common Course and Condition'']
263(1)
From Book II, Chapter XXVIII: Anno Domini 1637
264(1)
[The Pequot War]
264(1)
From Book II, Chapter XXXII: Anno Domini 1642
265(1)
[A Horrible Case of Bestiality]
265(2)
Roger Williams (1603?--1683)
267(10)
A Key into the Language of America
268(2)
Directions for the Use of the Language
270(1)
From Chapter I: Of Salutation
271(2)
From Chapter VIII: Of Discourse and Newes [Canonicus' speech]
273(1)
From Chapter XI: Of Travel
273(3)
Letter: To the Town of Providence
276(1)
Thomas Shepard (1605--1649)
277(4)
From The Autobiography of Thomas Shepard
278(3)
Anne Bradstreet (1612?--1672)
281(12)
From Several Poems
283(1)
``The Prologue''
283(1)
``In Honour of...Queen Elizabeth...''
284(3)
``The Author to her Book''
287(1)
``The Flesh and the Spirit''
287(2)
``To My Dear and Loving Husband''
289(1)
``In Memory of My Dear Grandchild Elizabeth Bradstreet, Who Deceased August, 1665, Being a Year and a Half Old''
289(1)
``Upon the Burning of Our House, July 10th, 1666''
290(1)
To My Dear Children
290(3)
The New England Primer (1683?)
293(6)
Benjamin Church (1639--1717)
299(9)
From Entertaining Passages Relating to Philip's War
301(1)
The Great Swamp Fight
301(1)
Reunion with Awashonks
302(1)
Tactics of Indian Warfare
303(1)
Philip's Forces Routed Near Bridgewater
303(1)
Philip Killed
304(2)
The Capture of Annawon
306(1)
Philip's Regalia
307(1)
Edward Taylor (1642?--1729)
308(13)
From Gods Determinations
310(1)
The Preface
310(1)
The Souls Groan to Christ for Succour
311(1)
The Joy of Church Fellowship rightly attended
312(1)
From ``Poetical Works''
313(1)
4. Huswifery
313(1)
6. Upon Wedlock and Death of Children
314(1)
From Preparatory Meditations
315(1)
Prologue
315(1)
First Series
315(1)
Meditation 8: John 6.51. I Am the Living Bread
316(1)
Meditation 40: I John 2.2. He is a Propitiation for our Sin
317(2)
Second Series
319(1)
Meditation 43: Rom. 9.5. God blessed forever
319(2)
Samuel Sewell (1652--1730)
321(6)
Phœnomena quœdam Apocalyptica [Phenomena concerning the Apocalypse] (1697)
323(1)
The Selling of Joseph, A Memorial
323(4)
Cotton Mather (1663--1728)
327(11)
From Decennium Luctuosum [The Captivity of Hannah Dustan]
329(3)
From Magnalia Christi Americana
332(1)
From The Negro Christianized
333(5)
Middle Atlantic: New Netherland
338(6)
Jacob Steendam (1616--?)
338(2)
``The Complaint of New Amsterdam''
338(2)
Henricus Selyns (1636--1701)
340(4)
``Bridal Torch''
340(4)
Middle Atlantic: Pennsylvania
344(4)
Francis Daniel Pastorius (1651--1720?)
344(4)
From ``Positive Information from America, Concerning the Country of Pennsylvania...''
344(2)
Letter to Tobias Schumbergius, 1693
346(2)
Native American Views
348(9)
Powhatan's Speech to Captain John Smith, 1609
349(1)
Narragansett Indians, ``Act of Submission,'' 1644
350(1)
Mittark, Agreement of Gay Head Indians Not to Sell Land to the English, 1681
351(1)
Garangula, Speech to New France's Governor La Barre, 1685
352(1)
The Coming of the Spanish and the Pueblo Revolt: A Hopi Perspective
353(4)
Part Three: The Eighteenth Century 357(239)
Introduction
359(5)
Later Colonial Writers of the Americas
364(101)
Sarah Kemble Knight (1666--1727)
364(9)
From The Journal of Madame Knight
365(8)
Louis Armand de Lom d'Arce, Baron de Lahontan (1666--1715)
373(10)
New Voyages to North America...
375(1)
From Volume I
375(1)
From Preface
375(1)
From Letter I: Description of the Passage from France to Canada
376(1)
Letter II: Description of the Plantations of Canada
377(2)
From Volume II
379(1)
A Discourse of the Habit, Houses, Complexion and Temperament of the Savages of North America
379(2)
From A Short View of the Humors and Customs of the Savages
381(1)
From An Account of the Amours and Marriages of the Savages
382(1)
William Byrd II (1674--1744)
383(9)
From The Secret History of the Line
385(3)
From The History of the Dividing Line
388(4)
Pierre Francois-Xavier de Charlevoix (1682--1761)
392(7)
Journal of a Voyage to North America, undertaken by the Order of the French King
392(1)
From Letter III: Description of Quebec; character of its inhabitants, and the manner of living in the French Colony
392(3)
From Letter XXX: Voyage from the Akansas to the Natchez. Description of the country. Of the river of the Yasous. Of the customs, manners and religion of the Natchez
395(2)
From Letter XXXI: Description of the Capital of Louisiana
397(1)
From Letter XXXII: Reflections on the Grants
398(1)
Marie-Andree Duplessis de Sainte-Helene (1687--1760)
399(1)
From The Annals of the Hotel-Dieu, Quebec
399(1)
The Image of Hell
399(1)
Elisabeth Begon (1696--1755)
400(3)
From The Correspondence of Madame Begon, 1748--1753
401(2)
Richard Lewis (1700?--1734)
403(8)
A Journey from Patapsko to Annapolis, April 4, 1730
404(7)
Jonathan Edwards (1703--1758)
411(10)
From Images of Divine Things
412(1)
``Apostrophe to Sarah Pierpont''
413(1)
Personal Narrative
414(7)
Elizabeth Ashbridge (1713--1755)
421(10)
From Some Account of the Fore Part of the Life of Elizabeth Ashbridge...
422(9)
Alonso Carrio de la Vandera (1715?--?)
431(12)
El Lazarillo: A Guide for Inexperienced Travelers between Buenos Aires and Lima (c. 1775)
432(1)
Prologue and Dedication to those treated herein
432(2)
From Chapter XVIII: The indolence of the Indians. The Opinion of the Author. The Name Concolorcorvo
434(1)
From Chapter XXVI: A Brief Comparison of the Cities of Lima and Cuzco. Characteristic Aspects. The Residents of Lima and Mexico. The Dress of the Lima Women. Reasons for their vitality. Singular Features, Wedding Beds, Cradles, and Household Furnishings
435(8)
John Woolman (1720--1772)
443(9)
From The Journal of John Woolman
445(7)
Jean-Bernard Bossu (1720--1792)
452(2)
Travels in the Interior of North America, 1751--1762
452(1)
From Letter II
452(1)
From Letter XVII
453(1)
Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729--1811)
454(4)
From Adventure in the Wilderness
454(4)
Rafael Landivar (1731--1793)
458(7)
Rusticatio Mexicana
459(1)
From The Lakes of Mexico
459(2)
From Processing of Silver and Gold
461(2)
From Birds
463(1)
From Sports
463(2)
Contested Visions: Revolution and Nation
465(131)
Benjamin Franklin (1706--1790)
465(13)
Epitaph
468(1)
From The Autobiography [Part 2]
468(10)
Samson Occom (1727--1792)
478(6)
A Short Narrative of My Life
479(5)
Lucy Terry (Prince) (1730--1821)
484(1)
``Bars Fight''
484(1)
Abigail Smith Adams (1744--1818) John Adams (1735--1826)
485(12)
From Letters of Abigail and John Adams
486(6)
From The Adams-Jefferson Letters
492(5)
J. Hector St John de Crevecoeur (1735--1813)
497(11)
Letters from an American Farmer
498(1)
From Letter III: What is an American?
498(5)
From Letter IX: Description of Charles Town; Thoughts on Slavery; On Physical Evil; A Melancholy Scene
503(4)
From Letter XII: Distresses of a Frontier Man
507(1)
Prince Hall (1735?--1807)
508(7)
A Charge, Delivered to the African Lodge, June 24, 1797, at Menotomy
509(6)
Thomas Paine (1737--1809)
515(8)
From Common Sense
516(1)
Introduction
516(1)
From III: Thoughts on the Present State of American Affairs
517(6)
Thomas Jefferson (1743--1826)
523(14)
From Autobiography [Declaration of Independence]
524(6)
Notes on the State of Virginia
530(1)
From Query VI: Productions mineral, vegetable and animal
530(1)
From Query XIV: Laws
531(5)
From Query XVIII: Manners
536(1)
Toussaint L'Ouverture (1744?--1803)
537(9)
Proclamations and Letters
538(8)
Olaudah Equiano (1745--1797)
546(8)
From The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African, Written by Himself
547(7)
Judith Sargent Murray (1751--1820)
554(4)
``Desultory Thoughts upon the Utility of Encouraging a Degree of Self-Complacency, Especially in Female Bosoms''
555(3)
Philip Freneau (1752--1832)
558(14)
``The Rising Glory of America''
559(9)
``A Political Litany''
568(1)
``George the Third's Soliloquy''
569(1)
``To Sir Toby''
570(2)
Lemuel Haynes (1753--1833)
572(9)
``Liberty Further Extended: Or Free Thoughts on the Illegality of Slave-Keeping''
573(8)
Phillis Wheatley (1753--1784)
581(10)
From Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral
583(1)
``To Mæcenas''
583(1)
``To the University of Cambridge, in New England''
584(1)
``On Being Brought from Africa to America''
585(1)
``On the Death of the Rev. Mr George Whitefield''
586(1)
``To the Right Honourable William, Earl of Dartmouth, His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for North America, &c.''
587(1)
``A Farewell to America. To Mrs S.W.''
588(1)
Letter to Samson Occom
589(1)
Extant poem not included in Poems, 1773
590(1)
``America''
590(1)
Charles Brockden Brown (1771--1810)
591(5)
From Alcuin Part I
592(4)
Bibliography 596(2)
Index 598

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