The Little Penguin Handbook

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/14/2011
  • Publisher: Longman
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The Little Penguin Handbookcontinues to revolutionize the way pocket handbooks present information.  With more visuals and sample documents than other essential handbooks, this handy full-color reference gives students just what they need to know about the writing and research processes, while providing extensive coverage of documentation and grammar.  With a reorganized and updated research section, new visual ;maps ; of the research and documentation processes, an updated section on writing in the disciplines, a new chapter on online courses, and a new chapter on argument, The Little Penguin Handbookcontinues to be an invaluable resource for students in composition courses and in courses across the curriculum. 

Table of Contents

Part 1  Composing


1          Think as a Writer 

            a Think about the process of communication  

            b Think about your audience  

            c Think about your credibility  


2          Read and View with a Critical Eye 

            a Become a critical reader  

            b Become a critical viewer  


3          Plan and Draft 

            a Establish goals and find a topic  

            b Write a working thesis  

            c Determine your organization  

            d Focus your paragraphs  

            e Write effective beginning and ending paragraphs  


4          Revise, Edit, and Proofread   

            a Evaluate your draft  

            b Learn strategies for rewriting  

            c Edit for specific goals

            d Proofread carefully

            e Review the writing of others


5          Write Arguments 

            a Position arguments and proposal arguments  

            b Find an arguable topic and make a claim  

            c Organize and write a position argument

            d Make a proposal

            e Organize and write a proposal argument


6          Write in Academic Genres 

            a Write an observation  


            b Write a rhetorical analysis  


            c Write an essay exam  



7          Write for Online Courses 

            a Use courseware  

            b Keep track of online coursework  

            c Participate in online course discussions  


            d Observe netiquette


PART 2 Planning Research and Finding Sources


Research Map: Conducting Research 


8          Plan Your Research 

            a Analyze the Research Task 

            b Find and Narrow a Topic 

            c Determine What Kind of Research You Need 

            d Draft a Working Thesis 

            e Create a Working Bibliography 


9          Find Sources 

            a Develop Strategies for Finding Sources 

            b Find Sources in Databases 

            c Find Sources on the Web 

            d Find Multimedia Sources 

            e Find Print Sources 

            f Keep Track of Sources 


10          Evaluate Sources   

            a Determine the Relevance of Sources 

            b Evaluate Database and Print Sources 

            c Evaluate Web Sources 


11        Plan Field Research   

            a Know What You Can Obtain from Field Research 

            b Conduct Interviews 

            c Administer Surveys 

            d Make Observations 


PART 3 Incorporating and Documenting Sources


12        Understand and Avoid Plagiarism

            a What is Plagiarism?

            b Avoid Plagiarism When Taking Notes

            c Avoid Plagiarism When Quoting Sources

            d Avoid Plagiarism When Summarizing and Paraphrasing


13        Use Sources Effectively

            a Decide When to Quote and When to Paraphrase

            b Integrate Quotations


14        MLA Documentation 

            MLA Documentation Map 

            a Citing Sources in an MLA-Style Project

            b Creating the List of Works Cited

            c In-text Citations in MLA Style

            d Illustrated Samples and Index of Works Cited

            e Journals, Magazines Newspapers, and Other Print Sources 

            f Books  

            g Library Database Sources  

            h Web Sources and Other Online Sources  

            i Visual Sources  

            j Multimedia Sources  

            k Sample Research Paper with MLA Documentation  



15        APA Documentation 

            a In-text Citations in APA Style

            b Illustrated Samples and Index of References

            c Periodical Sources 

            d Books

            e Online Sources

            f Visual and Multimedia Sources

            g Sample Pages from a Research Paper with APA Documentation


16        CMS Documentation 

            a The Elements of CMS Documentation

            b Books and Nonperiodical Sources

            c Periodical Sources

            d Online Sources

              e Sample Pages with CMS Documentation


17        CSE Documentation 

            a In-Text References in CSE Style

            b Books and Nonperiodical Sources

            c Periodical Sources

            d Online Sources

              e Sample Pages with CSE Documentation



Part 4  Effective Style and Language

18        Write with Power 

            a Recognize active and passive voice  

            b Use action verbs  

            c Find agents  

            d Vary your sentences  


19        Write Concisely 

            a Eliminate unnecessary words  

            b Reduce wordy phrases  

            c Simplify tangled sentences  


20          Write with Emphasis 

            a Manage emphasis within sentences  

            b Forge links across sentences  

            c Use parallel structure with parallel ideas  


21        Find the Right Words 

            a Be aware of levels of formality  

            b Be aware of denotation and connotation  

            c Use specific language  

            d Write to be inclusive  

            e Recognize international varieties of English  


Part 5  Understanding Grammar

22        Fragments, Run-ons, and Comma Splices 

            a Fragments  

            b Run-on sentences  

            c Comma splices  


23        Subject-Verb Agreement 

            a Agreement in the present tense  

            b Singular and plural subjects  

            c Indefinite pronouns as subjects  

            d Collective nouns as subjects  

            e Inverted word order  

            f Amounts, numbers, and pairs  


24        Verbs 

            a Basic verb forms  

            b Irregular verbs  

            c Transitive and intransitive verbs  


25        Pronouns 

            a Pronoun case  

            b Pronoun agreement  

            c Avoiding sexist pronouns  

            d Vague reference  


26        Shifts 

            a Shifts in tense  

            b Shifts in mood  

            c Shifts in voice  

            d Shifts in person and number  


27        Modifiers 

            a Choose the correct modifier  

            b Place adjectives carefully  

            c Place adverbs carefully  

            d Hyphens with compound modifiers  

            e Revise dangling modifiers  


28        Grammar for Multilingual Writers 

            a Nouns  

            b Articles  

            c Verbs  


Part 6  Understanding Puncutation and Mechanics

29        Commas 

            a Commas with introductory elements  

            b Commas with compound clauses  

            c Commas with nonrestrictive modifiers  

            d Commas with items in a series  

            e Commas with coordinate adjectives  

            f Commas with quotations  

            g Commas with dates, numbers, titles, and addresses  

            h Commas to avoid confusion  

            i Unnecessary commas  


30          Semicolons and Colons 

            a Semicolons with closely related main clauses  

            b Semicolons together with commas  

            c Colons in sentences  

            d Colons with lists  


31        Dashes and Parentheses 

            a Dashes and parentheses to set off information  

            b Dashes and parentheses versus commas  

            c Other punctuation with parentheses  


32        Apostrophes 

            a Possessives  

            b Contractions and omitted letters  

            c Plurals of letters, symbols, and words referred to as words  


33        Quotation Marks 

            a Direct quotations  

            b Titles of short works  

            c Other uses of quotation marks  

            d Other punctuation with quotation marks  

            e Misuses of quotation marks  


34        Other Punctuation Marks 

            a Periods  

            b Question marks  

            c Exclamation points  

            d Brackets  

            e Ellipses  

            f Slashes  


35        Capitalization, Italics, Abbreviations, Numbers 

            a Capital letters  

            b Italics  

            c Abbreviations  

            d Acronyms  

            e Numbers  


Glossary of Grammatical Terms and Usage  



Revision Guide 

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