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Living Religions

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780130119940

ISBN10:
0130119946
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/3/1999
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

This exceedingly comprehensible survey of the modern religious world explores the development, doctrines, and practices of today's major faiths. Living Religions delves the traditional as well as the new religious movements. Looks at historical and contemporary beliefs, allowing the reader to see how different religions have unfolded throughout time. Contains expanded coverage of women in addition to religious background boxes on such people as Winona LaDuke, Dr. Karan Singh, Dalai Lama, Janice Perlman, Desmond Tutu, Farid Esack, and Baba Virsa Singh. For those with an interest in World Religions, or Comparative Religions, or for those seeking an introduction to religion.

Table of Contents

Preface 13(16)
The Religious Response
16(29)
Why are there religions?
16(9)
Materialistic perspective: humans invented religion
17(1)
Growth perspective: religion can promote health
18(5)
Faith perspective: Ultimate Reality exists
23(2)
Scientific understanding of reality
25(6)
Modes of encountering Ultimate Reality
31(1)
Understandings of Ultimate Reality
32(3)
Worship, symbol, and myth
35(2)
Women and the feminine in religions
37(2)
Absolutist and liberal interpretations
39(2)
Angels Weep
41(1)
The negative side of organized religion
41(2)
Suggested reading
43(2)
Indigenous Sacred Ways
45(34)
Barriers to understanding
45(3)
Cultural diversity
48(2)
The circle of right relationships
50(3)
Relationships with spirit
52(1)
Yoruba Teaching Story: Osun and the Power of Woman
53(6)
Kinship with all creation
54(3)
Relationships with power
57(2)
Spiritual specialists
59(5)
Storytellers and other sacred roles
59(3)
Shamans
62(2)
Living Indigenous Sacred Ways: An Interview with Nadezhda Ananyevna Stepanova
64(2)
Contemporary rituals
66(5)
Group observances
67(3)
Individual observances
70(1)
Contemporary issues
71(1)
The Sun Dance Way of Self-Sacrifice
72(3)
Religion in Public Life---Winona LaDuke
75(2)
Suggested reading
77(2)
Hinduism
79(46)
Harappan civilization
80(1)
Vedic religion
81(9)
Fire sacrifices and the cosmic order
85(1)
Castes and social duties
86(1)
Philosophy of the Upanishads
87(1)
Bhakti in the epics and Puranas
88(2)
Teaching Story: Hanuman, the Monkey Chief
90(5)
Spiritual disciplines
95(8)
The guru
97(1)
Yogic practices
98(5)
Living Hinduism: An Interview with Sarala Chakrabarty
103(1)
Major theistic cults
104(5)
Saktas
104(2)
Saivites
106(1)
Vaishnavitves
107(2)
Major philosophical systems
109(2)
Samkhya
110(1)
Advaita Vedanta
110(1)
Popular forms of worship
111(5)
Devotions and rituals
111(3)
Festivals
114(2)
Hinduism in the modern world
116(3)
Global Hinduism
118(1)
Dharmic principles in action---the Swadhyaya Movement
119(3)
Hindu exclusivism vs. universalism
120(2)
Religion in Public Life---Dr. Karan Singh
122(2)
Suggested reading
124(1)
Jainism
125(12)
The Tirthankaras and ascetic orders
125(2)
Freeing the soul: the ethical pillars
127(2)
Karma
127(1)
Ahimsa
127(2)
Prescriptions for Monks and Nuns
129(1)
Aparigraha
129(1)
Anekantwad
130(1)
Spiritual practices
130(3)
Teaching Story: The Story of Bahubali
133(1)
Living Jainism: An Interview with R.P. Jain
134(1)
World Jainism
135(1)
Suggested reading
136(1)
Buddhism
137(41)
The life of the Buddha
137(6)
The Dharma
143(3)
The basic facts of existence
143(2)
The Eightfold Path of liberation
145(1)
Teaching Story: The Monkeys take Care of the Trees
146(3)
The wheel of birth and death
147(1)
Nirvana
148(1)
Buddhism south and north
149(5)
Theravada: the path of mindfulness
150(4)
Living Buddhism: An Interview with Komkai Charoensuk
154(9)
Mahayana: the path of compassion and metaphysics
157(4)
Vajrayana: indestructible way to unity
161(2)
The Relevance of Religion---His Holiness the Dalai Lama
163(8)
Zen: the great way of enlightenment
165(3)
Pure Land: calling on Amida Buddha
168(1)
Nichiren: salvation through the Lotus Sutra
169(2)
Buddhism in the West
171(1)
Life in a Western Zen Monastery
172(3)
Socially engaged Buddhism
175(1)
Suggested reading
176(2)
Taoism And Confucianism
178(27)
Ancient traditions
178(3)
Taoism---the way of nature and immortality
181(2)
Teachings of Taoist sages
181(2)
Teaching Story: Three in the Morning
183(9)
Immortals Taoism
186(4)
Popular Taoism today
190(2)
Confucianism---the practice of virtue
192(10)
Master K'ung's life
193(2)
The Confucian virtues
195(2)
Divergent followers of Confucius
197(1)
The state cult
197(2)
Confucianism under communism
199(3)
Living Confucianism: An Interview with Ann-ping Chin
202(2)
Confucianism in East Asia
203(1)
Suggested reading
204(1)
Shinto
205(15)
The essence of Shinto
205(6)
Kinship with nature
205(1)
Honoring the kami
206(2)
Shrines
208(1)
Ceremonies
209(1)
Purification
210(1)
Purification by Waterfall
211(3)
Festivals
213(1)
Buddhist and Confucian influences
214(2)
State Shinto
215(1)
Shinto today
216(1)
Living Shinto: An Interview with Hitoshi Iwasaki
217(1)
Suggested reading
218(2)
Judaism
220(53)
A history of the Jewish people
220(10)
Biblical stories
221(9)
Teaching Story: from the Hebrew Bible: David and Goliath
230(4)
Return to Jerusalem
232(2)
Zoroastrianism, a Bridge between East and West
234(18)
Rabbinic Judaism
236(4)
Judaism in the Middle Ages
240(2)
Enlightenment
242(1)
Kabbalah and Hasidism
243(2)
American Judaism
245(1)
Holocaust
246(3)
Zionism
249(3)
Torah
252(4)
The One God
252(1)
Love for God
253(1)
The sacredness of human life
253(1)
Law
254(1)
Suffering and faith
255(1)
Sacred practices
256(2)
Living Judaism: an Interview with Herman Taube
258(2)
Holy days
260(5)
Contemporary Judaism
265(3)
Major branches today
265(3)
Religion in Public Life---Janice Perlman
268(3)
Jewish feminism
269(1)
Jewish renewal
270(1)
Suggested reading
271(2)
Christianity
273(71)
The Christian Bible
273(2)
The life and teachings of Jesus
275(4)
Birth
275(1)
Preparation
275(2)
Ministry
277(2)
Living Christianity: An Interview with David Vandiver
279(2)
Teaching Story: The Good Samaritan
281(9)
Challenges to the authorities
283(3)
Crucifixion
286(2)
Resurrection
288(2)
The Early Church
290(7)
From persecution to empire
290(2)
Evolving organization and theology
292(3)
Early monasticism
295(2)
The Eastern Orthodox Church
297(1)
The history of the Orthodox Church
297(1)
Russian Orthodox Kenoticism
298(7)
The Russian Orthodox Church
299(3)
The Orthodox world today
302(1)
Distinctive features of Orthodox spirituality
303(2)
Medieval Roman Catholicism
305(5)
Papal power
306(2)
Intellectual revival and monasticism
308(1)
Medieval mysticism
309(1)
The Protestant Reformation
310(4)
The Roman Catholic Reformation
314(1)
The impact of the Enlightenment
315(2)
The Second Vatican Council
317(1)
Central beliefs in contemporary Christianity
317(2)
Christian Love in Action: Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity
319(1)
Sacred practices
320(12)
Worship services and sacraments
321(3)
The liturgical year
324(2)
Contemplative prayer
326(3)
Devotion to Mary
329(2)
Veneration of saints and angels
331(1)
Contemporary trends
332(6)
Evangelicalism
334(2)
Charismatics
336(1)
Cultural broadening
337(1)
Religion in Public Life---Archbishop Desmond Tutu
338(4)
Liberation theology
339(1)
Feminist theology
340(1)
Creation-centered Christianity
341(1)
Ecumenical movement
341(1)
Suggested reading
342(2)
Islam
344(49)
The Prophet Muhammad
344(7)
Teaching Story: The Humility of the Prophet
351(1)
The Qur'an
352(2)
The central teachings
354(1)
The Oneness of God and of humanity
354(1)
Religion in Public Life---Farid Esack
355(5)
Prophethood and the compass of Islam
356(1)
Human relationship to the divine
356(1)
The unseen life
357(1)
The Last Judgment
358(2)
The Sunni-Shi'ite split
360(2)
Sunnis
360(1)
Shiites
361(1)
Sufism
362(4)
The Five Pillars and jihad
366(1)
Belief and witness
366(1)
Living Islam: An Interview with Khaled Aly Khaled
367(8)
Daily prayers
368(1)
Zakat
368(2)
Fasting
370(1)
Hajj
371(2)
Jihad
373(2)
The spread of Islam
375(6)
Islamic culture
378(2)
Eastward expansion
380(1)
Relationships with the West
381(3)
Islam in the United States
383(1)
Muslim resurgence
384(7)
Return to Shari'ah
385(2)
Outreach and education
387(1)
Islam in politics
388(2)
Islam for the future
390(1)
Suggested reading
391(2)
Sikhism
393(21)
The sant tradition
393(1)
Guru Nanak
394(2)
The succession of Gurus
396(5)
Central beliefs
401(1)
Teaching story: Guru Arjun Dev's Devotion
402(3)
Sacred practices
405(1)
Religion in Public Life---His Holiness Baba Virsa Singh
406(3)
Sikhism today
409(1)
Living Sikhism: An Interview with G. S. Jauhal
410(3)
Suggested reading
413(1)
New Religious Movements
414(28)
Opposition to new religious movements
414(2)
Will new religious movements last?
416(1)
Apocalyptic expectations
417(3)
Rastafarianism
417(2)
Jehovah's Witnesses
419(1)
Supernatural powers and revelations
420(4)
Offshoots and combinations of older religions
424(6)
Christian Science
426(1)
Radhasoami
427(1)
The Unification Church
428(2)
Living New Religions: An Interview with Ursula McLackland of the Unification Church
430(1)
Nature spirituality
431(5)
Revival of old models
432(1)
Deep ecology
433(1)
``New Age'' planetary consciousness
434(2)
Universalist religions
436(3)
Universal worship
436(1)
Baha'i
437(2)
The Baha'i Model for Governance of the World
439(2)
Suggested reading
441(1)
Religion at the Turn of the Century
442(16)
Religious pluralism
442(3)
Hardening of religious boundaries
443(2)
Interfaith movement
445(1)
Control of the Mind
446(1)
Responses to other faiths
447(1)
Guidelines for Interreligious Understanding
447(3)
Interfaith initiatives
448(2)
Teaching Story: The Frog in the Well
450(3)
Religion and social issues
453(1)
Religion and materialism
454(2)
Religion and the future of humanity
456(1)
Suggested reading
457(1)
Notes 458(11)
Glossary 469(8)
Credits 477(1)
Index 478


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