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Living Religions,9780130992284
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Living Religions

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780130992284

ISBN10:
0130992283
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2003
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $76.80
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Summary

KEY BENEFIT Living Religions is a sympathetic approach to what is living and significant in the world's major religious traditions and in various new movements that are arising. KEY TOPICS This book provides a clear and straightforward account of the development, doctrines, and practices of the major faiths followed today. The emphasis throughout is on consciousness of believers and their own accounts of their religion and its relevance in contemporary life. MARKET For professional theologians and others interested in the development of the major religions practiced today.

Table of Contents

Map: Religions in the World Today
3(10)
Preface 13(3)
The Religious Response
16(28)
Why are there religions?
16(9)
Materialistic perspective: humans invented religion
17(2)
Functional perspective: religion is useful
19(4)
Faith perspective: Ultimate Reality exists
23(2)
Modes of encountering Ultimate Reality
25(2)
Understandings of Ultimate Reality
27(3)
Worship, symbol, and myth
30(2)
Absolutist and liberal interpretations
32(1)
The encounter between science and religion
33(5)
Women and the feminine in religions
38(2)
The negative side of organized religion
40(2)
Box: Angels Weep
42(1)
Suggested reading
43(1)
Indigenous Sacred Ways
44(35)
Barriers to understanding
44(4)
Cultural diversity
48(2)
The circle of right relationships
50(4)
Relationships with spirit
51(3)
Yoruba Teaching Story: Osun and the Power of Woman
54(6)
Kinship with all creation
55(3)
Relationships with power
58(2)
Spiritual specialists
60(6)
Storytellers and other sacred roles
60(3)
Shamans
63(3)
Living Indigenous Sacred Ways: An Interview with Nadezhda Ananyevna Stepanova
66(2)
Group Observances
68(3)
Individual observances
70(1)
Contemporary issues
71(1)
Religion in Practice: The Sun Dance Way of Self-Sacrifice
72(3)
Religion in Public Life: Winona Laduke
75(3)
Suggested reading
78(1)
Hinduism
79(49)
Harappan civilization
80(1)
Vedic religion
80(1)
Map: The Indian Subcontinent
81(7)
Timeline
83(2)
Fire sacrifices and the cosmic order
85(1)
Philosophy of the Upanishads
86(1)
Castes and social duties
87(1)
Rhakti in the epics and Puranas
88(7)
Teaching Story: Hanuman, The Monkey Chief Spiritual disciplines
95(7)
The guru
96(1)
Yogic practices
97(5)
Major theistic cults
102(1)
Living Hinduism: An Interview with Sarala Chakrabarty
103(6)
Saktas
103(3)
Saivites
106(1)
Vaishnavites
107(2)
Major philosophical systems
109(2)
Samkhya
109(1)
Advaita Vedanta
110(1)
Popular forms of worship
111(8)
Devotions and rituals
111(3)
Festivals
114(5)
Hinduism in the modern world
119(3)
Global Hinduism
121(1)
Religion in Practice: Dharmic Principles: The Swadhyaya Movement
122(4)
Hindu exclusivism vs. universalism
123(3)
Religion in Public Life: Dr. Karan Singh
126(1)
Suggested reading
127(1)
Jainism
128(13)
The Tirthankaras and ascetic orders
128(2)
Freeing the soul: the ethical pillars
130(3)
Karma
131(1)
Ahimsa
131(1)
Aparigraha
132(1)
Religion in Practice: Jain Purification
133(1)
Anekantwad
134(1)
Spiritual practices
134(3)
Teaching Story: The Story of Bahubali
137(1)
World Jainism
137(1)
Living Jainism: An Interview with Samani Charitra Prajna
138(2)
Suggested reading
140(1)
Buddhism
141(46)
The life of the Buddha
141(3)
Timeline
144(3)
The dharma
147(4)
The basic facts of existence
148(2)
The Eightfold Path of liberation
150(1)
Teaching Story: The Monkeys Take Care of the Trees
151(4)
The wheel of birth and death
152(1)
Nirvana
152(3)
Buddhism south and north
155(1)
Map: The Spread of Buddhism
155(6)
Theravada: the path of mindfulness
156(5)
Living Buddhism: An Interview with Komkai Charoensuk
161(4)
Mahayana: the path of compassion and metaphysics
163(2)
Map: Buddhism Today
165(6)
Vajrayana: indestructible way to unity
167(3)
Zen: the great way of enlightenment
170(1)
Religion in Public Life: His Holiness The Dalai Lama
171(1)
Box: Zen Oxherding Pictures
172(6)
Pure Land: calling on Amida Buddha
174(2)
Nichiren: salvation through the Lotus Sutra
176(2)
Buddhism in the West
178(2)
Religion in Practice: Life in a Western Zen Monastery
180(2)
Socially engaged Buddhism
182(3)
Suggested reading
185(2)
Taoism and Confucianism
187(18)
Ancient traditions
187(1)
Timeline
188(2)
Taoism-the way of nature and immortality
190(3)
Teachings of Taoist sages
191(2)
Teaching Story: Three in the Morning
193(9)
Organized Taoism
195(5)
Taoism today
200(2)
Confucianism-the practice of virtue
202(11)
Master K'ung's life
203(1)
The Confucian virtues
204(2)
Divergent followers of Confucius
206(1)
The state cult
207(2)
Confucianism under communism
209(4)
Living Confucianism: An Interview with Ann-Ping chin
213(2)
Confucianism in East Asia
214(1)
Suggested reading
215
Shinto
205(26)
The essence of Shinto
216(6)
Kinship with nature
216(2)
Honoring the kami
218(1)
Shrines
219(1)
Ceremonies
220(1)
Purification
221(1)
Religion in Practice: Purification By Waterfall
222(3)
Festivals
224(1)
Buddhist and Confucian influences
225(2)
State Shinto
225(2)
Shinto today
227(2)
Living Shinto: An Interview with Hitoshi Iwasaki
229(1)
Suggested reading
230(1)
Judaism
231(55)
A history of the Jewish people
231(2)
Biblical stories
232(1)
Timeline
233(3)
Map: The Israelites
236(6)
Teaching Story: From the Hebrew Bible-David and Goliath
242(4)
Return to Jerusalem
244(2)
Box: Zoroastrianism, A Bridge Between East and West
246(13)
Rabbinic Judaism
248(4)
Judaism in the Middle Ages
252(3)
Enlightenment
255(1)
Kabbalah and Hasidism
255(3)
American Judaism
258(1)
The Holocaust
258(1)
Map: The Holocaust
259(5)
Zionism
261(3)
Torah
264(4)
The one God
264(1)
Love for God
265(1)
The sacredness of human life
265(1)
Law
266(1)
Suffering and faith
267(1)
Sacred practices
268(3)
Living Judaism: An Interview with Herman Taube
271(2)
Holy days
273(4)
Contemporary Judaism
277(4)
Major branches today
277(3)
Jewish feminism
280(1)
Religion in Public Life: Senator Joseph Lieberman
281(3)
Jewish renewal
282(2)
Suggested reading
284(2)
Christianity
286(73)
The Christian Bible
286(2)
The life and teachings of Jesus
288(2)
Birth
288(1)
Preparation
289(1)
Map: Jesus's Ministry
290(3)
Ministry
291(2)
Living Christianity: An Interview with David Vandiver
293(2)
Teaching Story: The Good Samaritan
295(1)
Timeline
296(7)
Challenges to the authorities
297(3)
Crucifixion
300(2)
Resurrection
302(1)
The Early Church
303(1)
From persecution to empire
303(1)
Box: Books of the New Testament
303(2)
Map: St. Paul's Ministry
305(5)
Evolving organization and theology
306(3)
Early monasticism
309(1)
Map: Christianity Today
310(1)
The Eastern Orthodox Church
310(2)
The history of the Orthodox Church
310(1)
The Russian Orthodox Church
311(1)
Religion in Practice: Russian Orthodox Kenoticism
312(6)
The Orthodox world today
315(2)
Distinctive features of Orthodox spirituality
317(1)
Medieval Roman Catholicism
318(6)
Papal power
319(3)
Intellectual revival and monasticism
322(1)
Medieval mysticism
323(1)
The Protestant Reformation
324(4)
The Roman Catholic Reformation
328(1)
The impact of the Enlightenment
329(1)
The Second Vatican Council
330(2)
Central beliefs in contemporary Christianity
332(2)
Religion in Practice: Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity
334(1)
Sacred practices
335(10)
Worship services and sacraments
335(3)
The liturgical year
338(3)
Contemplative prayer
341(2)
Devotion to Mary
343(2)
Veneration of saints and angels
345(1)
Contemporary trends
345(7)
Evangelicalism
347(2)
Charismatics
349(1)
Cultural broadening
350(1)
Liberation theology
351(1)
Religion in Public Life: Archbishop Desmond M. Tutu
352(5)
Feminist theology
354(2)
Creation-centered Christianity
356(1)
Ecumenical movement
356(1)
Suggested reading
357(2)
Islam
359(53)
The Prophet Muhammad
359(2)
Timeline
361(5)
Teaching Story: The Humility of the Prophet
366(1)
The Qur'an
367(2)
The central teachings
369(2)
The Oneness of God and of humanity
369(1)
Prophethood and the compass of Islam
370(1)
Religion in Public Life: Farid Esack
371(4)
Human relationship to the divine
372(1)
The unseen life
373(1)
The Last Judgment
373(2)
The Sunni-Shi'a split
375(2)
Sunnis
376(1)
Shi'a
376(1)
Sufism
377(4)
The Five Pillars and jihad
381(2)
Belief and witness
382(1)
Living Islam: An Interview with Khaled Aly Khaled
383(7)
Daily prayers
384(1)
Zakat
385(1)
Fasting
385(1)
Hajj
386(2)
Jihad
388(2)
The spread of Islam
390(1)
Map: The Spread of Islam
391(6)
Islamic culture
392(3)
Eastward expansion
395(2)
Relationships with the West
397(3)
Islam in the United States
398(2)
Muslim resurgence
400(10)
Tradition and modern life
401(3)
Outreach and education
404(1)
Islam in politics
404(4)
Islam for the future
408(2)
Suggested reading
410(2)
Sikhism
412(21)
The sant tradition
412(1)
Guru Nanak
413(2)
The succession of Gurus
415(2)
Teaching Story: Guru Arjun Dev's Devotion
417(4)
Central beliefs
421(3)
Sacred practices
424(2)
Religion in Public Life: His Holiness Baba Virsa Singh
426(2)
Sikhism today
428(1)
Map: The Punjab
429(1)
Living Sikhism: An Interview with G. S. Jauhal
430(2)
Suggested reading
432(1)
New Religious Movements
433(31)
Social context of new religious movements
433(2)
Apocalyptic expectations
435(5)
Rastafarianism
435(2)
Jehovah's Witnesses
437(1)
Unification Movement
438(2)
Living New Religions: An Interview with Ursula Mclackland
440(1)
Supernatural powers and revelations
441(2)
Offshoots and combinations of older religions
443(4)
Indigenous African plus Christian traditions
443(2)
Christian Science
445(1)
Radhasoami
446(1)
Nature spirituality
447(5)
Revival of old models
447(2)
Deep ecology
449(1)
``New Age'' planetary consciousness
450(2)
Universalist religions
452(5)
Theosophical Society
453
Baha'i
437(20)
Box: The Baha'i Model for Governance of the World
457(1)
Opposition to new religious movements
458(1)
Violence in new religious movements
459(3)
Will new religious movements last?
462(1)
Suggested reading
462(2)
Religion in the Twenty-First Century
464(17)
Religious pluralism
464(3)
Hardening of religious boundaries
465(2)
Interfaith movement
467(1)
Box: Control of the Mind
468(2)
Responses to other faiths
469(1)
Box: Guidelines for Inter-Religious Understanding
470(2)
Interfaith initiatives
470(2)
Teaching Story: The Frog in the Well
472(3)
Religion and social issues
475(1)
Religion in Public Life: Jimmy Carter
476(1)
Religion and materialism
477(2)
Religion and the future of humanity
479(1)
Suggested reading
480(1)
Notes 481(12)
Glossary 493(8)
Index 501(9)
Timeline 510(2)
Credits 512


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