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Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric : The Use of Reason in Everyday Life,9780534524708

Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric : The Use of Reason in Everyday Life

by
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780534524708

ISBN10:
0534524702
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/13/1997
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $57.33

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This is the 8th edition with a publication date of 8/13/1997.
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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

Intended for the undergraduate course in Critical Thinking, Critical Reasoning, or Introduction to Logic.

Table of Contents

Preface viii
CHAPTER 1 GOOD AND BAD REASONING
1(22)
1 Reasoning and Arguments
1(5)
2 Cogent Reasoning
6(2)
3 Two Basic Kinds of Valid Arguments
8(2)
4 Deductive Validity and Invalidity
10(3)
5 Inductive Validity (Correctness) and Invalidity (Incorrectness)
13(5)
6 Fallacious Reasoning: How Reasoning Goes Wrong
18(2)
Summary of Chapter 1
20(3)
CHAPTER 2 BACKGROUND BELIEFS AND WORLD VIEWS
23(16)
1 Kinds of Background Beliefs
24(2)
2 Insufficiently Grounded Beliefs
26(1)
3 Are Unexamined World Views Worth Having?
27(3)
4 Reading Between the Lines
30(1)
5 Two Vital Kinds of Background Beliefs
31(1)
6 Science to the Rescue
32(4)
Summary of Chapter 2
36(3)
CHAPTER 3 FALLACIOUS REASONING -- 1
39(24)
1 Appeal to Authority
40(5)
2 Inconsistency
45(6)
3 Straw Man
51(1)
4 False Dilemma and the Either-Or Fallacy
51(1)
5 Begging the Question
52(2)
6 Questionable Premise--Questionable Statement
54(1)
7 Suppressed (Overlooked) Evidence
54(2)
8 Tokenism
56(1)
Summary of Chapter 3
57(6)
CHAPTER 4 FALLACIOUS REASONING -- 2
63(16)
1 Ad Hominem Argument
63(3)
2 Two Wrongs Make a Right
66(2)
3 Irrelevant Reason (Non Sequitur)
68(1)
4 Equivocation
69(2)
5 Appeal to Ignorance
71(1)
6 Composition and Division
72(1)
7 Slippery Slope
73(1)
Summary of Chapter 4
73(6)
CHAPTER 5 FALLACIOUS REASONING -- 3
79(30)
1 Hasty Conclusion
79(1)
2 Small Sample
80(1)
3 Unrepresentative Sample
80(1)
4 Questionable Cause
81(3)
5 Questionable Analogy
84(2)
6 Questionable Statistics
86(2)
7 Questionable Uses of Statistics
88(2)
8 Polls: An Important Special Case
90(4)
9 False Charge of Fallacy
94(2)
Summary of Chapter 5
96(13)
CHAPTER 6 PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPEDIMENTS TO COGENT REASONING: SHOOTING OURSELVES IN THE FOOT
109(24)
1 Loyalty, Provincialism, and the Herd Instinct
110(2)
2 Prejudice, Stereotypes, Scapegoats, and Partisan Mind Sets
112(2)
3 Superstitious Beliefs
114(2)
4 Wishful Thinking and Self-Deception
116(1)
5 Rationalization, Denial, and Procrastination
117(2)
6 The Benefits of Self-Deception and Wishful Thinking
119(2)
7 The Pull of Pseudoscience and the Paranormal
121(4)
8 Lack of a Good Sense of Proportion
125(2)
Summary of Chapter 6
127(6)
CHAPTER 7 LANGUAGE
133(28)
1 Cognitive and Emotive Meanings
133(1)
2 Emotive Meaning and Persuasive Uses of Language
134(6)
3 Other Common Rhetorical Devices
140(5)
4 Those Who Control the Definitions
145(4)
5 The Reform of Sexist Language
149(3)
6 PC (Politically Correct) Terminology
152(3)
Summary of Chapter 7
155(6)
CHAPTER 8 EVALUATING EXTENDED ARGUMENTS
161(28)
1 The Basic Tasks of Essay Evaluation
162(7)
2 Quick Appraisals
169(3)
3 The Margin Note and Summary Method
172(5)
4 Dealing with Value Claims
177(6)
5 Evaluating Ironic Works
183(3)
Summary of Chapter 8
186(3)
CHAPTER 9 WRITING COGENT (AND PERSUASIVE) ESSAYS
189(24)
1 The Writing Process
189(1)
2 Preparing to Write
190(1)
3 Writing Essays
191(5)
4 Some Hints for Effective Writing
196(15)
Summary of Chapter 9
211(2)
CHAPTER 10 ADVERTISING: SELLING THE PRODUCT
213(30)
1 Promise and Identification Advertisements
215(1)
2 Things to Watch Out for in Advertisements
216(9)
3 New Marketing Wrinkles
225(3)
4 Political Advertising
228(10)
Summary of Chapter 10
238(5)
CHAPTER 11 MANAGING THE NEWS
243(48)
1 The Media and the Power of Money
243(13)
2 News-Gathering Methods Are Designed to Save Money
256(5)
3 Misdirection and Lack of Proportion
261(1)
4 News Reporting: Theory and Practice
261(7)
5 Devices Used to Slant the News
268(5)
6 Television: The Only Truly Mass Medium (So Far)
273(2)
7 The Non-Mass Media to the Rescue
275(1)
8 Recent Developments
276(7)
Summary of Chapter 11
283(8)
CHAPTER 12 TEXTBOOKS: MANAGING WORLD VIEWS
291(34)
1 History and Social Studies Textbooks
292(2)
2 Textbooks and Indoctrination
294(2)
3 Textbooks and Politics
296(4)
4 Censorship
300(7)
5 Textbooks Distort History
307(4)
6 Textbooks Minimize the Great Gulf Between Theory and Practice
311(5)
7 Textbooks Fail to Give Students Genuine Understanding
316(2)
8 Postscript on College Texts
318(1)
Summary of Chapter 12
319(6)
APPENDIX MORE ON COGENT REASONING
325(14)
1 Deductive Validity: A Review
325(1)
2 Syllogisms
326(2)
3 Indirect (Reductio Ad Absurdum) Proofs
328(1)
4 Tautologies, Contradictions, and Contingent Statements
329(1)
6 Possibilities, Impossibilities, and Necessities
330(1)
7 Reasoning Cogently versus Being Right in Fact
330(1)
8 More on Cause and Effect
331(1)
9 Calculating Probabilities and Fair Odds
332(3)
10 Scientific Method
335(4)
Answers to Starred Exercise Items 339(8)
Bibliography 347(5)
Selected List of Periodicals 352(6)
Indexes 358


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