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Table of Contents
SECTION 1: JOINING COMMUNITIES: PARTICIPATING AS CRITICAL READERS AND WRITERS.
1. Readers, Writers, and Community Expectations.
1a. Recognizing academic, work, and public communities.
1b. Joining communities.
1c. Recognizing myths and realities.
2a. Joining the community dialogue.
2b. Reading analytically and critically.
3a. Generating ideas.
3b. Structuring ideas.
4. Defining Your Purpose, Thesis, and Audience.
4a. Analyzing your purpose.
4b. Creating a thesis.
4c. Considering your readers.
5a. From planning to drafting.
5b. Using strategies for drafting.
5c. Drafting collaboratively.
6a. Major revisions.
6b. Minor revisions.
6c. Revising collaboratively.
7. Shaping Paragraphs.
7a. Unfocused paragraphs.
7b. Revising for focus.
7c. Incoherent paragraphs.
7d. Revising for coherence.
7e. Poor development.
7f. Revising for development.
7g. Special-purpose paragraphs.
SECTION 2: REPRESENTING YOURSELF: CREATING YOUR PLACE IN A COMMUNITY.
8. Matching Style to Community.
8a. Recognizing style.
8b. Adjusting style.
9. Adapting to Community Language Variety.
9a. Home and community varieties.
9b. Language expectations.
10. Presenting Yourself Through Critical Reasoning.
10a. Recognizing critical reasoning.
10b. Reasoning in communities.
10c. A chain of reasoning.
10d. Representing reasoning.
11. Presenting Yourself as a Speaker.
11a. Oral presentations.
11b. Speaking and writing.
11c. Preparing a presentation.
11d. Managing anxiety.
11e. Fielding questions.
12. Finding an Online Voice.
12a. Online expectations.
12b. Email conventions.
12c. Online communities.
12d. World Wide Web.
12e. Behaving ethically.
13. Designing Documents.
13a. Goals of document design.
13b. Design principles.
13g. Sample documents.
SECTION 3: EDITING GRAMMAR: MEETING COMMUNITY EXPECTATIONS.
14. Editing and Proofreading.
14a. Correcting errors.
14b. Editing your writing.
14c. Editing collaboratively.
14d. Editing on the computer.
15. Recognizing Words Working in Sentences.
15a. Nouns and articles.
16. Recognizing Sentence Parts and Patterns.
16a. Subjects and predicates.
16c. Subordinate clauses.
16d. Different sentence types.
17. Using Verbs.
17a. Recognizing present and past tense.
17b. Editing present tense.
17c. Editing past tense.
17d. Recognizing complex tenses.
17e. Editing progressive and perfect tenses.
17f. Editing troublesome verbs (lie, lay, sit, set).
17g. Clear tense sequence.
17h. The subjunctive mood.
17i. Active and passive voice.
18. Using Pronouns.
18a. Recognizing pronoun forms.
18b. Editing pronoun form.
19. Making Sentence Parts Agree.
19a. Recognizing agreement.
19b. Editing subject-verb agreement.
19c. Editing pronoun-antecedent agreement.
20. Using Adjectives and Adverbs.
20a. Recognizing adjectives and adverbs.
20b. Editing adjectives and adverbs.
SECTION 4: EDITING SENTENCE PROBLEMS: UNDERSTANDING COMMUNITY OPTIONS.
21. Editing Sentence Fragments.
21a. Recognizing sentence fragments.
21b. Editing sentence fragments.
21c. Partial sentences.
22. Editing Comma Splices and Fused Sentences.
22a. Recognizing comma splices.
22b. Recognizing fused sentences.
22c. Editing comma splices and fused sentences.
23. Creating Pronoun Reference.
23a. Recognizing unclear pronoun reference.
23b. Editing pronoun reference.
24. Editing Misplaced, Dangling, and Disruptive Modifiers.
24a. Recognizing misplaced modifiers.
24b. Editing misplaced modifiers.
25. Making Shifts Consistent.
25a. Recognizing shifts in person and number.
25b. Editing shifts in person and number.
25c. Recognizing shifts in tense and mood.
25d. Editing tense and mood.
25e. Recognizing shifts in voice.
25f. Editing active or passive voice.
25g. Recognizing shifts in quotations.
25h. Editing quotations.
26. Editing Mixed and Incomplete Sentences.
26a. Recognizing mixed and incomplete sentences.
26b. Editing mixed and incomplete sentences.
27. Creating Parallelism.
27a. Recognizing faulty parallelism.
27b. Editing for parallelism.
28. Using Coordination and Subordination.
28a. Recognizing coordination.
28b. Recognizing subordination.
28c. Editing for coordination and subordination.
29. Creating Clear and Emphatic Sentences.
29a. Recognizing unclear sentences.
29b. Editing for clear sentences.
SECTION 5: EDITING WORD CHOICE: MATCHING WORDS TO COMMUNITIES.
30. Being Concise.
30a. Recognizing wordiness.
30b. Editing for conciseness.
31. Choosing Appropriate Words.
31a. Recognizing word choice.
31b. Editing for precise diction.
32. Choosing Respectful Language.
32a. Gender stereotypes.
32b. Racial, ethnic, and cultural stereotypes.
32c. Keeping abreast of changes in language preference.
33. Building Your Language Resources.
33a. Resources as a writer.
33b. Dictionary and thesaurus.
SECTION 6: EDITING PUNCTUATION: FOLLOWING COMMUNITY GUIDELINES.
34. Using Commas.
34a. Join sentences.
34b. Editing to join sentences.
34c. Setting off elements.
34d. Editing to set off elements.
34e. Setting off modifiers.
34f. Editing to set off modifiers.
34g. Separating items in a series.
34h. Separating adjectives.
34i. Dates, numbers, addresses, place names, titles, and letters.
34j. Showing quotations.
34k. Clarifying meaning.
34l. Eliminating commas that do not belong.
35. Using Semicolons and Colons.
36. Using Apostrophes.
36b. Editing possession.
36c. Contractions and omissions.
37. Marking Quotations.
37b. Titles of short works.
37c. Special uses.
38. Using Periods, Question Marks, and Exclamation Points.
38b. Question marks.
38c. Exclamation points.
39. Using Other Punctuation Marks.
39f. Electronic addresses.
39g. Combining marks.
SECTION 7: PROOFREADING FOR MECHANICS AND SPELLING.
Respecting Community Conventions.
40b. Proper names and titles.
41. Italicizing (Underlining).
41b. Emphasis terms.
42a. Joining words.
42b. Divinding words.
43. Using Numbers.
43a. Spelled Out Numerals.
43b. Proofreading Numbers.
44a. Familiar Abbreviations.
44b. Appropriate Abbreviations.
45a. Spelling Errors.
45b. Proofreading Spelling.
SECTION 8: USING RESEARCH STRATEGIES.
Reading and Writing within a Research Community.
46. Participating in Research Communities: Academic, Work, and Public.
46a. Research Communities.
46b. Topics and Keywords.
46c. Research Questions.
46d. Community Research Thread.
46e. Working Bibliography.
46f. Taking Notes As You Read.
46g. Turning Research into Writing.
47. Using Print and Electronic Resources.
47a. Search Strategies.
47b. References And Indexes.
47c. Library Resources.
47d. Keyword Searches.
47e. Web and Internet Resources.
47f. Web Search Results.
47g. Pulling Materials Together.
48. Reading Critically, Evaluating Sources, and Integrating Sources.
48a.Reading Analytically: Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Synthesizing.
48b.Reading Critically: Questioning, Synthesizing, Interpreting, and Assessing.
48c.Evaluating Sources Critically.
48d.Evaluating Internet And Web Sources.
49. Integrating and Crediting Sources.
49a. Documenting for Readers.
49b. Integrating Reading Into Writing.
49c. Recognizing Plagiarism.
49d. Deciding What To Document.
50. Doing Field Work.
50a. Ethnographic Study.
50c. Surveys, Polls, and Questionnaires.
SECTION 9: DOCUMENTING SOURCES: MLA STYLE.
51. MLA Style.
51a. Using MLA In-Text Citations.
51b. MLA List of Works Cited.
51c. Sample MLA Paper.
SECTION 10: DOCUMENTING SOURCES: APA STYLE.
52. APA Style.
52a. In-Text Citations.
52b. APA Reference List.
52c. Sample APA Paper.
SECTION 11: DOCUMENTING SOURCES: CMS AND CSE STYLES.
53. CMS Style.
53a. Using CMS.
53b. CMS notes.
53c. CMS Bibliography.
54. CSE Style.
54a. CSE In-Text Citations.
54b. CSE Reference List.
SECTION 12: WRITING IN ACTION.
55. Addressing the Academic Community.
55a. Goals of Academic Writing.
55b. Academic Audiences.
55c. Academic Writing Tasks.
55d. Types Of Academic Writing.
55e. Short Documented Paper.
55f. Lab Report.
55g. Essay exam.
55h. Academic speaking.
56. Making Persuasive Arguments.
56a. Community Issues.
56b. Your Stance.
56c. Reason and Evidence.
56d. Community Views.
56e. Logical Argument.
56f. Position Paper.
57. Reading and Writing About Literature.
57a.Reading Literary Texts.
57b.Writing About Literary Texts.
58. Addressing the Work Community.
58a. Goals Of Writing At Work.
58b. Workplace Audiences.
58c. Workplace Writing Tasks.
58d. Types of Workplace Writing.
58e. Business letter.
58f. Résumé and application.
58g. Workplace speaking.
59. Addressing the Public Community.
59a. Goals Of Public Writing.
59b. Public Audiences.
59c. Public Writing Tasks.
59d. Types of Public Writing.
59e. Public Flyer.
59f. Public speaking.
Glossary of Usage and Terms.
Guide to ESL Advice.
Read, Recognize, and Revise Ten Serious Errors.