### Summary

In Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions, 4e by Robert Smith and Roland Minton, the authors combine the best elements of reform with the most reliable aspects of mainstream calculus teaching, resulting in a motivating, challenging book. Smith/Minton also provide exceptional, reality-based applications that appeal to students' interests and demonstrate the elegance of math in the world around us. With the CourseSmart eTextbook version of this title, students can save up to 50% off the cost of a print book, reduce their impact on the environment, and access powerful web tools for learning. Faculty can also review and compare the full text online without having to wait for a print desk copy. CourseSmart is an online eTextbook, which means users need to be connected to the internet in order to access. Students can also print sections of the book for maximum portability.

### Table of Contents

# Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions

### Chapter 0: Preliminaries

#### 0.1, "Polynomials and Rational Functions"

#### 0.2, "Graphing Calculators and Computer Algebra Systems"

#### 0.3, "Inverse Functions"

#### 0.4, "Trigonometric and Inverse Trigonometric Functions"

#### 0.5, "Exponential and Logarithmic Functions"

#### 0.6, "Transformations of Functions"

### Chapter 1: Limits and Continuity

#### 1.1, "A Brief Preview of Calculus: Tangent Lines and the Length of a Curve

#### 1.2, "The Concept of Limit"

#### 1.3, "Computation of Limits"

#### 1.4, "Continuity and Its Consequences"

#### 1.5, "Limits Involving Infinity; Asymptotes"

#### 1.6, "Formal Definition of the Limit"

#### 1.7, "Limits and Loss-of-Significance Errors"

### Chapter 2: Differentiation

#### 2.1, "Tangent Lines and Velocity"

#### 2.2, "The Derivative"

#### 2.3, "Computation of Derivatives: The Power Rule"

#### 2.4, "The Product and Quotient Rules"

#### 2.5, "The Chain Rule"

#### 2.6, "Derivatives of Trigonometric Functions"

#### 2.7, "Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithmic Functions"

#### 2.8, "Implicit Differentiation and Inverse Trigonometric Functions"

#### 2.9, "The Hyperbolic Functions"

#### 2.10, "The Mean Value Theorem"

### Chapter 3: Applications of the Derivative

#### 3.1, "Linear Approximations and Newton's Method""

#### 3.2, "Indeterminate Forms and L'Hôpital's Rule "

#### 3.3, "Maximum and Minimum Values"

#### 3.4, "Increasing and Decreasing Functions"

#### 3.5, "Concavity and the Second Derivative Test"

#### 3.6, "Overview of Curve Sketching"

#### 3.7, "Optimization"

#### 3.8, "Related Rates"

#### 3.9, "Rates of Change in Economics and the Sciences"

### Chapter 4: Integration

#### 4.1, "Antiderivatives"

#### 4.2, "Sums and Sigma Notation"

#### 4.3, "Area"

#### 4.4, "The Definite Integral"

#### 4.5, "The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus"

#### 4.6, "Integration by Substitution"

#### 4.7, "Numerical Integration"

#### 4.8, "The Natural Logarithm as an Integral"

### Chapter 5: Applications of the Definite Integral

#### 5.1, "Area Between Curves"

#### 5.2, "Volume: Slicing, Disks and Washers"

#### 5.3, "Volumes by Cylindrical Shells"

#### 5.4, "Arc Length and Surface Area"

#### 5.5, "Projectile Motion"

#### 5.6, "Applications of Integration to Physics and Engineering"

#### 5.7, "Probability"

### Chapter 6: Integration Techniques

#### 6.1, "Review of Formulas and Techniques"

#### 6.2, "Integration by Parts"

#### 6.3, "Trigonometric Techniques of Integration"

#### 6.4, "Integration of Rational Functions Using Partial Fractions"

#### 6.5, "Integration Tables and Computer Algebra Systems"

#### 6.6, "Improper Integrals"

### Chapter 7: First-Order Differential Equations

#### 7.1, "Modeling with Differential Equations"

#### 7.2, "Separable Differential Equations"

#### 7.3, "Direction Fields and Euler's Method"

#### 7.4, "Systems of First-Order Differential Equations"

### Chapter 8: Infinite Series

#### 8.1, "Sequences of Real Numbers"

#### 8.2, "Infinite Series"

#### 8.3, "The Integral and Comparison Tests"

#### 8.4, "Alternating Series"

#### 8.5, "Absolute Convergence and the Ratio Test"

#### 8.6, "Power Series"

#### 8.7, "Taylor Series"

#### 8.8, "Applications of Taylor Series"

#### 8.9, "Fourier Series"

### Chapter 9: Parametric Equations and Polar Coordinates

#### 9.1, "Plane Curves and Parametric Equations"

#### 9.2, "Calculus and Parametric Equations"

#### 9.3, "Arc Length and Surface Area in Parametric Equations"

#### 9.4, "Polar Coordinates"

#### 9.5, "Calculus and Polar Coordinates"

#### 9.6, "Conic Sections"

#### 9.7, "Conic Sections in Polar Coordinates"

### Chapter 10: Vectors and the Geometry of Space

#### 10.1, "Vectors in the Plane"

#### 10.2, "Vectors in Space"

#### 10.3, "The Dot Product"

#### 10.4, "The Cross Product"

#### 10.5, "Lines and Planes in Space"

#### 10.6, "Surfaces in Space"

### Chapter 11: Vector-Valued Functions

#### 11.1, "Vector-Valued Functions"

#### 11.2, "The Calculus of Vector-Valued Functions"

#### 11.3, "Motion in Space"

#### 11.4, "Curvature"

#### 11.5, "Tangent and Normal Vectors"

#### 11.6, "Parametric Surfaces"

### Chapter 12: Functions of Several Variables and Partial Differentiation

#### 12.1, "Functions of Several Variables"

#### 12.2, "Limits and Continuity"

#### 12.3, "Partial Derivatives"

#### 12.4, "Tangent Planes and Linear Approximations"

#### 12.5, "The Chain Rule"

#### 12.6, "The Gradient and Directional Derivatives"

#### 12.7, "Extrema of Functions of Several Variables"

#### 12.8, "Constrained Optimization and and Lagrange Multipliers"

### Chapter 13: Multiple Integrals

#### 13.1, "Double Integrals"

#### 13.2, "Area, Volume and Center of Mass"

#### 13.3, "Double Integrals in Polar Coordinates"

#### 13.4, "Surface Area"

#### 13.5, "Triple Integrals"

#### 13.6, "Cylindrical Coordinates"

#### 13.7, "Spherical Coordinates"

#### 13.8, "Change of Variables in Multiple Integrals"

### Chapter 14: Vector Calculus

#### 14.1, "Vector Fields"

#### 14.2, "Line Integrals"

#### 14.3, "Independence of Path and Conservative Vector Fields"

#### 14.4, "Green's Theorem"

#### 14.5, "Curl and Divergence"

#### 14.6, "Surface Integrals"

#### 14.7, "The Divergence Theorem"

#### 14.8, "Stokes' Theorem"

#### 14.9, "Applications of Vector Calculus"

### Chapter 15: Second Order Differential Equations

#### 15.1, Second-Order Equations With Constant Coefficients"

#### 15.2, "Nonhomogeneous Equations: Undetermined Coefficients"

#### 15.3, "Applications of Second-Order Equations"

#### 15.4, "Power Series Solutions of Differential Equations"

#### Appendix A: Proofs of Selected Theorems

#### Appendix B: Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercises