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Major Problems in American History Since 1945

by ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780618550067

ISBN10:
0618550062
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/20/2006
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing

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What version or edition is this?
This is the 3rd edition with a publication date of 10/20/2006.
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Summary

Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the Major Problems series introduces students to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in U.S. history. This reader serves as the primary anthology for the introductory survey course, covering the subject's entire chronological span. Comprehensive topical coverage includes the Cold War, the cultural and political movements of the 60s, the return of conservatism, life in the new information age, and race and ethnicity. In the Third Edition, greater emphasis is placed on social and cultural history, and a new chapter focuses on 9/11, the war on terror, and the war in Iraq. Key pedagogical elements of the Major Problems format have been retained: 14-15 chapters per volume, chapter introductions, headnotes, and suggested readings. New!A new chapter on democracy and civic life in the age of information considers the roles of media, cyberspace, and spin in the American political landscape from the 90s to the present. New!Coverage of race and ethnicity over the past ten years is highlighted in a new chapter. New!A new chapter on the economy of the 1990s examines shifting markets and socioeconomic groups, as well as the effects of technology on business during the economic boom at the end of the twentieth century.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
CHAPTER 1 The Origins of Postwar America 1(35)
ESSAYS
Thomas G. Paterson
The Origins of the Postwar International System
3(13)
Alan Brinkley
The Legacies of World War II
16(8)
Byron E. Shafer
The Puzzle of Postwar Politics
24(10)
FURTHER READING
34(2)
CHAPTER 2 The Origins of the Cold War 36(45)
DOCUMENTS
1. President Harry S Truman Discusses the Atom Bomb at Potsdam, July 1945
38(1)
2. George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram," 1946
39(3)
3. Secretary of Commerce Henry A. Wallace Urges a Conciliatory Approach, July 1946
42(1)
4. Soviet Ambassador Nikolai Novikov Reports on the U.S. Drive for World Supremacy, September 1946
43(3)
5. The Truman Doctrine, March 1947
46(3)
6. Senator Joseph McCarthy Charges the Democrats Are "Soft on Communism," 1950
49(2)
7. The President's Advisers Urge Military Expansion (NSC-68), April 1950
51(4)
ESSAYS
Arnold A. Offner
President Harry S Truman and the Origins of the Cold War
55(8)
John Lewis Gaddis
Two Cold War Empires
63(16)
FURTHER READING
79(2)
CHAPTER 3 The Consumer's Republic: The 1950's and the Emergence of a New Economy of Mass Consumption 81(44)
DOCUMENTS
1. U.S. Business Celebrates the "Miracle of America," 1948
82(2)
2. A Report on the Baby Boom, 1954
84(1)
3. Newsweek Decries the Problem of Dangerous Teens, 1955
85(3)
4. Life Magazine Identifies the New Teen-age Market, 1959
88(2)
5. U.S. News and World Report Assesses the Perils of Mass Culture and the Evils of Television, 1955
90(4)
6. Vance Packard Warns Against the "Hidden Persuaders," 1957
94(3)
ESSAYS
Roland Marchand
Visions of Classlessness
97(12)
Kelly Schrum
Making the American Girl
109(15)
FURTHER READING
124(1)
CHAPTER 4 John F. Kennedy, the Cuban Revolution, and the Cold War 125(48)
DOCUMENTS
1. Fidel Castro Denounces U.S. Policy Toward Cuba, 1960
127(3)
2. President John F. Kennedy Calls for an Alliance for Progress, 1961
130(1)
3. A Board of Inquiry Reports on the Bay of Pigs, 1961
131(3)
4. A Senate Committee Investigates U.S. Plots to Assassinate Castro, 1960-1965 (1975)
134(2)
5. President Kennedy and His Advisers Debate Options in the Missile Crisis, October 16, 1962
136(8)
6. Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev Appeals to President Kennedy, October 26, 1962
144(3)
7. Soviet Ambassador Anatoly I. Dobrynin Reports on His Meeting with Robert Kennedy, October 28, 1962
147(1)
ESSAYS
Thomas G. Paterson
Spinning Out of Control: Kennedy's War Against Cuba and the Missile Crisis
148(11)
Ernest R. May and Philip D. Zelikow
Aftermath
159(12)
FURTHER READING
171(2)
CHAPTER 5 The African American ,Struggle for Equality 173(39)
DOCUMENTS
1. The New York Times Reports a Murder in Georgia, 1946
175(1)
2. African American Parents Petition the Clarendon, S.C., School Board, 1949
176(2)
3. A South African Novelist Examines the Plight of "The Negro in the North," 1954
178(2)
4. Franklin McCain Remembers the First Sit-in, 1960
180(2)
5. Martin Luther King Jr., "I Have a Dream," 1963
182(3)
6. Stokely Carmichael Explains "Black Power," 1967
185(2)
7. A Senate Committee Reports on the FBI's Campaign Against Martin Luther King, 1963-1968 (1976)
187(2)
8. Police and Fire Department Logs Record an Urban Riot, 1967
189(4)
ESSAYS
Charles M. Payne
The View from the Trenches
193(10)
Thomas J. Sugrue
The Continuing Racial Crisis
203(6)
FURTHER READING
209(3)
CHAPTER 6 The Great Society and the Politics of Liberal Reform 212(32)
DOCUMENTS
1. President Lyndon B. Johnson Declares War on Poverty, 1964
214(2)
2. Congress Strikes Down Segregation in Public Accommodations: The Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title II (1964)
216(1)
3. Ronald Reagan Warns of the Dangers of the Welfare State, 1964
217(1)
4. Two White House Aides Report the Achievements of the Great Society, 1966
218(2)
5. A Conservative Strategist Hails an "Emerging Republican Majority," 1969
220(4)
6. Earth Day, 1970
224(2)
ESSAYS
James T. Patterson
The Rise of "Rights Consciousness"
226(7)
Matthew D. Lassiter
Suburban Politics and the Limits of the Great Society
233(9)
FURTHER READING
242(2)
CHAPTER 7 The New Radicalism: Politics and Culture in the 1960's 244(36)
DOCUMENTS
1. Students for a Democratic Society Issue the Port Huron Statement, 1962
245(5)
2. Jerry Rubin Declares Himself a "Child of Amerika," 1970
250(1)
3. Radicals Proclaim: "You Don't Need a Weatherman to Know Which Way the Wind Blows," 1969
251(1)
4. The FBI's Secret Campaign Against the New Left, 1968-1971 (1976)
252(3)
5. Raymond Mungo Searches for a New Age at Total Loss Farm, 1970
255(3)
6. A Pollster Reports on "The Big Chill," 1974
258(2)
ESSAYS
Maurice Isserman and Michael Kazin
The Contradictory Legacy of the Sixties
260(10)
Hugh Heclo
The Sixties and the Origins of "Postmodern" America
270(8)
FURTHER READING
278(2)
CHAPTER 8 From the Feminine Mystique to "Second Wave" Feminism 280(44)
DOCUMENTS
1. Betty Friedan on "The Problem That Has No Name," 1963
281(3)
2. NOW Statement of Purpose, 1966
284(2)
3. Redstockings Manifesto, 1970
286(2)
4. Welfare Is a Women's Issue, 1972
288(2)
5. A Redbook Magazine Reader Discovers Consciousness-Raising, 1973
290(2)
6. The Supreme Court Rules on Abortion: Roe v. Wade, 1973
292(3)
7. Equal Rights Amendment, 1972
295(1)
8. Phyllis Schlafly Proclaims the Power of the Positive Woman, 1977
295(3)
ESSAYS
Alice Echols
Women's Liberation and Sixties Radicalism
298(12)
Beth Bailey
Women at Work
310(12)
FURTHER READING
322(2)
CHAPTER 9 Vietnam and the Crisis of American Empire 324(26)
DOCUMENTS
1. The Vietnamese Declare Their Independence, 1945
325(2)
2. President Dwight D. Eisenhower Explains the Domino Theory, 1954
327(1)
3. Final Declaration of the Geneva Conference on Indochina, 1954
328(2)
4. A South Vietnamese Peasant Explains Why He Joined the Vietcong, 1961 (1986)
330(1)
5. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, 1964
331(1)
6. President Lyndon Johnson's Advisers Debate Expanding the War, 1965
332(2)
7. A "Tunnel Rat" Testifies About the My Lai Massacre, 1969
334(2)
8. The Paris Accords, 1973
336(2)
ESSAYS
Michael H. Hunt
The Wages of War
338(4)
Arnold R. Isaacs
Competing Memories
342(5)
FURTHER READING
347(3)
CHAPTER 10 Ronald Reagan and the Transformation of America 350(44)
DOCUMENTS
1. President Jimmy Carter and the Crisis of the American Spirit, 1979
353(2)
2. Presidential Candidate Ronald Reagan Calls for New Economic Policies, 1980
355(1)
3. A New Right Activist Explains Conservative Success, 1980
356(4)
4. President Ronald Reagan Proclaims America's "Spiritual Reawakening," 1983
360(1)
5. A Congressional Committee Reports on "Irangate," 1987
361(5)
6. An Environmentalist Attacks the Administration's Record, 1988
366(3)
7. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop Recalls the Administration's Response to the AIDS Crisis, 1981-1988 (2001)
369(3)
ESSAYS
Benjamin Ginsberg and Martin Shefter
The Republicans Take Control
372(10)
Jules Tygiel
A Disputed Legacy
382(10)
FURTHER READING
392(2)
CHAPTER 11 The Promises and Perils of a New Economy 394(41)
DOCUMENTS
1. "New Democrats" Hail the New Economy, 1998
395(2)
2. A Federal Reserve Report Extols "Mass Customization," 1998
397(6)
3. Money Magazine Asks of Wal-Mart, "How Big Can It Get?" 1999
403(2)
4. A Critic Assails the Influence of Wal-Mart, 1999
405(3)
5. A Columnist Decries "Outsourcing" in the New Global Economy, 2004
408(1)
6. Americans for Democratic Action Reports Growing Poverty and Inequality, 2004
409(2)
7. A Research Firm "Segments" the American Market, 2000
411(2)
ESSAYS
Barbara Ehrenreich
Working at Wal-Mart
413(10)
Michael J. Weiss
The Fragmenting of America
423(11)
FURTHER READING
434(1)
CHAPTER 12 E Pluribus Unum: Race and Ethnicity in a Changing World 435(36)
DOCUMENTS
1. Coming to America, 1900-2002
437(1)
2. Proposition 187: Californians Seek to Close the Door to Undocumented Immigrants, 1994
438(1)
3. Two Reporters Describe Los Angeles's Racial Tensions, 1995
439(3)
4. Social Scientists Report on the "New Americans," 1997
442(4)
5. An African American Novelist Decries "Race Talk," 1993
446(2)
6. Richard Rodriguez Ponders What It Means to Be "Brown," 2002
448(2)
7. Americans Express Support for Both Unity and Diversity, 2003
450(2)
ESSAYS
George J. Sanchez
Race, Immigration and Nativism
452(7)
Thomas C. Holt
Race, Nation, and the Global Economy
459(9)
FURTHER READING
468(3)
CHAPTER 13 Politics and Political Culture in "Postmodern" America 471(38)
DOCUMENTS
1. Presidential Candidate Bill Clinton Promises a "New Covenant," 1992
473(2)
2. "Gays in the Military" Prompts Mobilization of Conservatives, 1993
475(3)
3. The Republican "Contract with America," 1994
478(2)
4. President Bill Clinton Ends "Welfare as We Know It," 1996
480(2)
5. Special Prosecutor Kenneth Starr's Indictment of President Bill Clinton, 1998
482(2)
6. Who Voted for Whom in 2000: A Chart
484(1)
7. A Columnist Reports on How the Nation's Agenda Is Set, 2000
485(3)
ESSAYS
Bruce Miroff
Bill Clinton and the Postmodern Presidency
488(13)
Matthew A. Crenson and Benjamin Ginsberg
The Imperial Presidency Redivivus
501(6)
FURTHER READING
507(2)
CHAPTER 14 New World Order 509
DOCUMENTS
1. Presidential George H.W. Bush Announces a New World Order, 1990
511(1)
2. One World: An American Diplomat Hails the Opportunities of a New Era, 1995
512(2)
3. Osama Bin Laden Declares Jihad Against America, 1998
514(2)
4. The New York Times Reports Last Words from the World Trade Center, 2001
516(3)
5. President George W. Bush Announces a New National Security Strategy, 2002
519(3)
6. Senator Robert C. Byrd Charges "The Emperor Has No Clothes," 2003
522(2)
7. An Army Officer Ponders How America Is Losing Hearts and Minds in Iraq, 2004
524(3)
ESSAYS
John Lewis Gaddis
Setting Right a Dangerous World
527(7)
Michael H. Hunt
In the Wake of September 11
534(8)
FURTHER READING
542


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