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Major Problems in the History of American Medicine and Public Health,9780395954355
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Major Problems in the History of American Medicine and Public Health

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780395954355

ISBN10:
0395954355
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/20/2006
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $132.33

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Summary

This text presents a carefully selected group of readings on medical history and development that allow students to evaluate primary sources, test the interpretations of distinguished historians, and draw their own conclusions.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
What is the History of Medicine and Public Health?
1(25)
Essays
Medical Culture and Historical Practice
3(6)
Susan Reverby
David Rosner
Medicine's Institutional History and Its Policy Implications
9(8)
Charles E. Rosenberg
Disease in the History of Medicine and Public Health
17(7)
James T. Patterson
Further Reading
24(2)
Colonial Beginnings: A New World of Peoples, Disease, and Healing
26(29)
Documents
a French Observer in Louisiana, Reports on Natchez Nation Healing Practices, 1720-1728
28(2)
Le Page du Pratz
a Boston Minister, Proselytizes for Smallpox Inoculation, 1722
30(3)
Cotton Mather
a Boston Physician, Decries the Dangerous ``Infatuation'' with Smallpox Inoculation, 1722
33(2)
William Douglass
A Broadside Laments the Death of Fifty-Four in a Hartford Epidemic, 1725
35(1)
Zabdiel Boylston of Boston Recounts His Experiences as the First Physician to Inoculate Against Smallpox in the American Colonies, 1726
36(1)
A Virginia Domestic Guide to the Diseases of the American Colonies Makes ``Every Man His Own Doctor,'' 1734
37(3)
Andrew Blackbird of the Ottawa Nation Records a Story from Indian Oral Tradition About the Decimation of His People by Smallpox in the Early 1760s, 1887
40(1)
Essays
Indians, Europeans, and the New World of Disease and Healing
41(7)
Colin G. Calloway
Smallpox Inoculation Foments Controversy in Boston
48(6)
John B. Blake
Further Reading
54(1)
The Medical Marketplace in the Early Republic, 1785-1825
55(36)
Documents
George Washington's Physicians Narrate His Final Illness and Death, 1799
57(1)
a Philadelphia Quaker, Recounts in Her Diary the Physician-Attended Birth of Her Daughter's Sixth Child, 1799
58(2)
Elizabeth Drinker
Benjamin Rush Tells His Medical Students at the University of Pennsylvania of the Trials and Rewards of a Medical Career, 1803
60(3)
A Medical Apprentice in Rural South Carolina Records Daily Life in His Diary, 1807
63(1)
Leading Boston Doctors, Solicit Support for Founding the Massachusetts General Hospital, 1810
64(3)
James Jackson
John C. Warren
a Harvard Medical Professor, Warns of the Dangers of Women Practicing Midwifery, 1820
67(3)
Walter Channing
A Young Physician Struggles to Get into Practice in Ohio, 1822
70(1)
a Botanic Healer, Decries the Regular Medical Profession as a Murderous Monopoly, 1822
71(2)
Samuel Thomson
Essays
The Medical Challenge to Midwifery
73(7)
Laurel Thatcher Ulrich
The Philadelphia Medical Marketplace
80(10)
Lisa Rosner
Further Reading
90(1)
Antebellum Medical Knowledge, Practice, and Patients, 1820-1860
91(34)
Documents
A New York Medical Student Recounts in His Diary His Emotional Responses to Surgery, 1828
93(1)
a Harvard Medical Professor, Challenges the Physician's Power to Cure, 1835
94(2)
Jacob Bigelow
A Medical Apprentice Writes from Rochester About a Cadaver ``Resurrected'' for Dissection, 1841
96(1)
An Eastern-Educated Physician in Indiana Advises Other Emigrants About the Distinctive Character of Diseases of the West, 1845
97(2)
Reformer Dorothea Dix Calls on Tennessee Legislators to Turn State Insane Asylum into a ``Curative'' Hospital, 1847
99(2)
A Yale Medical Student Decries the Use of Anesthesia in Childbirth, 1848
101(2)
a Medical Professor and Racial Theorist, Reports to the Medical Association of Louisiana on the ``Diseases and Physical Peculiarities of the Negro Race,'' 1851
103(3)
A Tennessee Physician Calls for the Cultivation of a Distinctive Southern Medical Literature, 1860
106(2)
Essays
Belief and Ritual in Antebellum Medical Therapeutics
108(6)
Charles E. Rosenberg
Pain, the Calculus of Suffering, and Antebellum Surgery
114(6)
Martin S. Pernick
Race, Human Experimentation, and Dissection in the Antebellum South
120(3)
Todd L. Savitt
Futher Reading
123(2)
The Healer's Identity in the Mid-Nineteenth Century: Character, Care, and Competition, 1830-1875
125(34)
Documents
A County Medical Society Bemoans the Prevalence of Quackery and Public Opinion Opposed to Legal Regulation of Medical Practice, 1843
127(2)
a Women's Health Reformer, Explains Why She Became a Water-Cure Practitioner, 1849
129(2)
Mary Gove Nichols
A New York State Doctor Rails to His Professional Brethren Against the Education of Women as Physicians, 1850
131(2)
a Harvard Medical Professor, Advises What Makes a Good Medical Education, 1850
133(2)
John Ware
Domestic Practitioners of Hydropathy in the West Testify to Their Faith in Water Cure, 1854
135(1)
Pioneer Women Physicians, Extoll the Woman Physician as the ``Connecting Link'' Between Women's Health Reform and the Medical Profession, 1859
136(4)
Elizabeth
Emily Blackwell
an Eminent Boston Physician, Asserts That Biology Blocks the Higher Education of Women, 1873
140(3)
Edward H. Clarke
Essays
Science, Healing, and the Character of the Physician
143(6)
John Harley Warner
Science, Health Reform, and the Woman Physician
149(8)
Regina Markell Morantz-Sanchez
Further Reading
157(2)
The Civil War, Efficiency, and the Sanitary Impulse, 1845-1870
159(37)
Documents
a Physician and Reformer, Reports to the Municipal Government on the Sanitary Condition of the Laboring Population of New York, 1845
161(4)
John Griscom
World Traveler Harriet Martineau Advises America on Keeping Troops Healthy During Wartime, 1861
165(3)
an Alabama Nursing Volunteer, Writes in Her Journal About Conditions in the Confederate Army Hospital Service, 1862
168(4)
Kate Cumming
Medical Editor Stephen Smith Preaches the Gospel of Sanitary Reform During Wartime, 1863
172(1)
Nursing Volunteer Louisa May Alcott Reports to Readers at Home About Her Experiences with the Union Army, 1863
173(3)
A Maine Physician Writes to His Wife About His Experiences in the Union Army, 1864
176(2)
Sanitary Reformers Build upon Civil War Precedents to Clean Up Post-War Cities, 1865
178(3)
Essays
American Wives and Mothers Join the Civil War Struggle in a Battle Against Dirt and Disease
181(9)
Suellen Hoy
Linking Science to the Pursuit of Efficiency in the Reformation of the Army Medical Corps During the Civil War
190(5)
Bonnie E. Blustein
Further Reading
195(1)
Reconfiguring ``Scientific Medicine,'' 1865-1900
196(38)
Documents
a Recent Harvard Medical Graduate Studying in Europe, Finds in Experimental Laboratory Physiology the Path to a New Scientific Medicine, 1869
198(3)
Henry P. Bowditch
a Young Boston Physician Studying in Europe, Finds in Clinical Specialism the Path to a New Scientific Medicine, 1869
201(4)
Clarence Blake
a Philadelphia Medical Professor, Celebrates Experimental Medicine and the Ongoing Therapeutic Revolution, 1879
205(2)
Roberts Bartholow
Counsels Physicians on How to Succeed in Business, 1882
207(6)
Daniel W. Cathell
New York Newspaper Launches Fundraising Campaign for ``Miraculous'' New Diphtheria Cure, 1894
213(3)
Essays
Professional Optimism and Professional Dismay over the Coming of the New Scientific Medicine
216(8)
John Harley Warner
Popular Optimism About the Promise of the New Scientific Medicine: The Case of Rabies Vaccine
224(9)
Bert Hansen
Further Reading
233(1)
The Gospel of Germs: Microbes, Strangers, and Habits of the Home, 1880-1925
234(41)
Documents
A Professor of Hygiene Reports on the Success of Municipal Laws in Battling the American ``Spitting Habit,'' 1900
237(2)
a Public Health Leader, Proclaims a New Relationship Among ``Dirt, Disease, and the Health Officer,'' 1902
239(2)
Charles V. Chapin
Commissioner-General of Immigration, Warns of the Menace to the Nation's Health of the New Immigrants, 1902
241(4)
Terence V. Powderly
an African American Physician, Admonishes Antituberculosis Activists to Recognize That Blacks and Whites Must Battle Germs as Their Common Enemy, 1905
245(3)
John E. Hunter
Advertising Health, the National Association for the Prevention and Study of Tuberculosis Promotes Antituberculosis Billboards, 1910
248(2)
A Georgia Physician Addressing ``the Negro Health Problem'' Warns That Germs Know No Color Line, 1914
250(3)
The Modern Health Crusade Mobilizes Children for Health Reform, 1918
253(3)
Popular Health Magazine Hygeia Depicts the Germ as a Stereotyped Dangerous Alien Criminal, 1923
256(1)
Essays
Germ Theory, Public Health Education, and the Moralization of Behavior in the Antituberculosis Crusade
257(7)
Nancy Tomes
Physicians and the New Immigration During the Progressive Era
264(4)
Alan M. Kraut
Bubonic Plague, Bacteriology, and Anti-Asian Racism in San Francisco, 1900
268(5)
Guenter B. Risse
Further Reading
273(2)
Strategies for Improving Medical Care: Institutions, Science, and Standardization, 1870-1940
275(42)
Documents
Educational Reformer Abraham Flexner Writes a Muckraking Report on Medical Schools, 1910
277(6)
Black Woman Physician Isabella Vandervall Laments the Racial and Gender Discrimination in the Program for Reforming Medical Education, 1917
283(3)
The American College of Surgeons Urges Standards for Hospital Efficiency and Physician Accountability, 1918
286(4)
Reform Committee Led by Josephine Goldmark Probes Nursing Education, 1923
290(2)
Rockefeller Foundation Reacts to a Growing Concern That Medical Education Reform Has Worsened Doctor Shortages in Rural America, 1924
292(6)
Essays
Physicians, Community, and the Qualified Ascent of the American Medical Profession
298(6)
Ronald L. Numbers
Balancing Educational and Patient Needs in the Creation of the Modern Teaching Hospital
304(5)
Kenneth M. Ludmerer
A Lesson in the Political Economics of Medical Education
309(6)
Janet A. Tighe
Further Reading
315(2)
Expert Advice, Social Authority, and the Medicalization of Everyday Life, 1890-1930
317(32)
Documents
Questions Answered in a Leading Popular Journal About the Medical Status of Inebriety, 1911
319(1)
A Doctor Advises Mothers in a Mass-Circulation Women's Journal, 1920
320(2)
Psychiatrist Augusta Scott Proselytizes for Greater Legal Reliance on Medical Assessments of Mental Health, 1922
322(2)
The United States Army Tests the Mental Fitness of Recruits, 1922
324(3)
Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Upholds State Sterilization Practices, 1924
327(2)
Families Seek Expert Advice from the Children's Bureau When Health Questions Arise, 1916-1926
329(3)
Essays
Physicians and Mothers Construct ``Scientific Motherhood''
332(7)
Rima D. Apple
Psychiatrists, the ``Hypersexual Female,'' and a New Medical Management of Morality in the Progressive Era
339(8)
Elizabeth Lunbeck
Further Reading
347(2)
The Technological Imperative? Hospitals, Professions, and Patient Expectations, 1890-1950
349(39)
Documents
Physician Charles L. Leonard Extolls the Diagnostic Virtues of the New X-ray Technology, 1897
351(1)
Editor of Leading Medical Journal Urges ``Precautionary X-ray Examinations,'' 1912
352(2)
Journalist William Armstrong Reports to Women About His Investigation of the New Birthing Technology ``Twilight Sleep,'' 1915
354(3)
Doctor Analyzes Clinical Data to Determine the Safety and Effectiveness of ``Twilight Sleep,'' 1915
357(4)
Advertisement Insists That for a Hospital to Refuse to Buy Its ``Pulmotor'' Is Tantamount to Malpractice, 1919
361(1)
Medical Educator Francis Peabody Cautions Against Blind Faith in the Clinical Authority of the Laboratory, 1922
362(4)
Prominent African American Anatomy Professor Montagu Cobb Questions the Assumptions of a Leading Textbook About the Biology of Race, 1942
366(2)
Essays
Making Machines Clinically Useful in the Modern Hospital
368(4)
Joel D. Howell
``Twilight Sleep'': Technology and the Medicalization of Childbirth
372(7)
Judith Walzer Leavitt
The Power of Genetic Testing in a Conflicted Society
379(7)
Keith Wailoo
Further Reading
386(2)
The Culture of Biomedical Research: Human Subjects, Power, and the Scientific Method, 1920-1965
388(36)
Documents
Public Health Service Physicians Publish Their Observations of Untreated Syphilis in a Population of African American Men in Macon County, Alabama, 1936
390(3)
A Tuskegee Doctor in the Field Requests Research Advice from the Public Health Service Office in Washington, D.C., 1939
393(1)
Head of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, Updates the Medical Community on Promising Wartime Science, 1943
394(1)
The Elite of World War II Medical Science Rally Support for a Greater Public Investment in Biomedical Research, 1945
395(5)
A Leading Research Scientist Embraces the Nuremberg Code as a Guide to Ethical Practice in an Age of Human Experimentation, 1953
400(3)
Public Health Service Physicians Praise Thirty Years of Government-Sponsored Human Subject Research in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, 1964
403(2)
A Private Physician Raises Questions That Go Unanswered About the Morality of the Tuskegee Experiment, 1965
405(1)
A Physician-Historian-Activist Explores the ``Legacy of Distrust'' Fostered by the Tuskegee Study, 1993
406(3)
Essays
The Politics and Protocols of World War II Venereal Disease and Penicillin Research Programs
409(7)
Harry M. Marks
The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment and the Conventions and Practice of Biomedical Research
416(7)
Susan E. Lederer
Further Reading
423(1)
Public Health and the State During an Age of Biomedical Miracles, 1925-1960
424(35)
Documents
The Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Calls Out the Vote for a County Tuberculosis Hospital, ca. 1920s
427(1)
A Group of Private Citizens Organizes to Investigate and Reform the American Health Care System, 1932
428(1)
Texas Congressman Maury Maverick Pleads for a National Cancer Center, 1937
429(2)
Science Writer Paul de Kruif and Surgeon General Thomas Parran Join Forces to Admonish Women About the Dangers of Venereal Disease, 1937
431(4)
President Truman Confronts Congress About the Need for a National Health Program, 1947
435(2)
Journalist Bernard Devoto Offers a Public Tour of the AMA's Annual Meeting and a Glimpse into the Mind of the Medical Profession, 1947
437(4)
The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis Instructs Parents and Physicians About Human Trials of a New Polio Vaccine, 1954
441(3)
Essays
Screening Syphilis: Hollywood, the Public Health Service, and the Fight Against Venereal Disease
444(7)
Susan E. Lederer
John Parascandola
Polio, Politics, Publicity, and Duplicity: The Salk Vaccine and the Protection of the Public
451(6)
Allan M. Brandt
Further Reading
457(2)
Rights, Access, and the Bottom Line: Health Politics and Health Policies, 1960-2000
459(40)
Documents
Medical Editor Warns About the ``New Medical-Industrial Complex,'' 1980
461(6)
Public Health Advocates Plead for AIDS Awareness, 1980s
467(2)
President Clinton Calls for a Health Security Act, 1993
469(5)
Journalist Laurie Abraham Captures the Human Drama of Medicare, 1993
474(3)
Federal Committee Criticizes Actions of the National Cancer Institute, 1994
477(4)
Surgeon General C. Everett Koop Remembers the ``Early Days of AIDS,'' 1995
481(4)
Essays
Medicare and the Transformation of the Medical Economy
485(4)
Rosemary Stevens
Breast Cancer and AIDS Activism Revolutionize Health Politics
489(9)
Amy Sue Bix
Further Reading
498(1)
The Persisting Search for Health and Healing at the End of the Twentieth Century
499(2)
Documents
Feminists Reclaim Women's Health Care, 1971
501(3)
A Psychiatrist Integrates Folk and Medical Healing Practices, 1975
504(3)
Patient Audre Lorde Confronts Breast Cancer Treatment, 1980
507(5)
Mexican Immigrant Jesusita Aragon Recounts Her Work as a Midwife, 1980
512(4)
a Physician and Writer, Ponders the Feminization of the Medical Profession, 1992
516(4)
Perri Klass
Journalist Anne Fadiman Chronicles the Collision of Healing Cultures, 1997
520(4)
Essays
The Doctor as Stranger: Medicine and Public Distrust
524(8)
David J. Rothman
Risk, Behavior, and Disease: Who Is Responsible for Keeping Americans Healthy?
532(6)
Allan M. Brandt
Further Reading
538


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