9780333731536

The Making and Breaking of the Soviet System An Interpretation

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780333731536

  • ISBN10:

    0333731530

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-07-06
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
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Summary

Drawing on a wide range of post-Soviet materials, Christopher Read examines the reasons for the successes and failures of the Soviet system. He argues that the underlying reasons for the system's collapse can be found in the contradictions of the revolution which gave birth to it. The consequences are traced from Stalin to Gorbachev's doomed attempt to transform the Soviet system. Particular attention is given to the divergence between the aspirations of the leadership and the social evolution of ordinary Russians.

Author Biography

Christopher Read is Reader in History, University of Warwick.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements x
PART I MAKING THE SYSTEM
Bolshevik Dreams
3(18)
The Contradictions of Tsarism
4(4)
Bolshevik Certainties - the Innocence of Inexperience
8(5)
The Contradictions of Revolution
13(8)
The Path to October
13(6)
Minority Status
19(2)
The Soviet System under Lenin
21(30)
Revolutionary Wars - 1917-21
22(11)
The `Golden Age' of Revolution
22(4)
Civil War
26(4)
Post-Civil War Rebellions
30(3)
The Foundation of the Soviet System
33(18)
Transition Transformed - from `Complete Creative Freedom for the Masses' to `Iron Proletarian Discipline'
33(4)
Unholy Trinity: Productionism, Careerism, Bureaucratism
37(4)
Guarding the Guardians: The Development of Superinstitutions
41(6)
Defeat in the Countryside
47(4)
The NEP Years: Economic Retreat, Cultural Assault
51(16)
NEP and the Rise of Stalin
51(3)
NEP and Soviet Society
54(5)
The Formation of the USSR
56(3)
Party and Society in the 1920s
59(2)
The Establishment of the Leading Role of the Party
59(1)
Educating a Revolutionary Elite
60(1)
The Battle for Cultural Control: Creative Culture - the Tightening Noose
61(4)
NEP: Temporary Retreat or Road to Socialism?
65(2)
Towards the Stalin System: The `Great Turn', 1928-32
67(15)
The Emerging Model
77(5)
Stalinism Triumphant
82(33)
Who was Stalin?
83(8)
The Contradictions of Stalinism
91(18)
A Reduction of Tempo
91(5)
Into the Whirlwind: Famine and Terror
96(13)
Living through the 1930s: State, Society and High Stalinism
109(6)
From World War to Cold War
115(32)
Nazi Occupation and its Overthrow
116(12)
The Road to War
116(5)
The Course of the War
121(7)
The Soviet System and Soviet Society at War
128(10)
The Final Years of Stalin
138(9)
PART II BREAKING THE SYSTEM
Succeeding Stalin
147(17)
Stalin's Legacy
147(5)
Immediate Steps
152(3)
Khrushchev and the First Perestroika
155(9)
De-Stalinisation Halted
164(14)
A System in Terminal Crisis?
174(4)
Soviet Society since the Late 1950s
178(20)
Unofficial Pluralism
182(16)
Dissolution
198(27)
The Development of the Reform Process
201(7)
Nemesis
208(9)
The Final Collapse
217(8)
A New Time of Troubles
225(14)
New Russia, New Russians
227(3)
Who is to Blame?
230(3)
What is to be Done?
233(3)
Conclusion
236(3)
Notes 239(7)
Select Bibliography 246(7)
Index 253

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