9780521800211

The Making of the Chinese Industrial Workplace: State, Revolution, and Labor Management

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521800211

  • ISBN10:

    0521800218

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-03-25
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

State workers in China have until recently enjoyed the 'iron rice bowl' of comprehensive cradle-to-grave benefits and lifetime employment. This central institution in Chinese politics emerged over the course of various crises that swept through China's industrial sector prior to and after revolution in 1949. Frazier explores critical phases in the expansion of the Chinese state during the middle third of the twentieth century to reveal how different labour institutions reflected state power. While the 'iron rice bowl' is usually seen as an outgrowth of Communist labour policy, Frazier's account shows that is has longer historical roots. As a product of the Chinese state, the iron rice bowl's dismantling in the 1990s has raised sensitive issues about the way in which the contemporary Chinese state exerts control over urban industrial society. This book sheds light on state and society relations in China under the Nationalist and Communist regimes.

Table of Contents

List of Tables
ix
List of Acronyms
xi
Preface xiii
Introduction
1(22)
Explaining Factory Institutions in China
6(7)
Political Regimes and Workplace Regimes in China
13(5)
The Empirical Approach
18(5)
Labor Management and Its Opponents, 1927--1937
23(37)
The Modernization of Labor Management
26(10)
Nationalist Labor Policy and Enterprise Cases
36(24)
Welfare and Wages in Wartime
60(32)
Wartime Labor Policy
62(4)
Enterprise Welfare Provision in Postwar China
66(26)
Takeover Policies and Labor Politics, 1949--1952
92(40)
City and Factory Takeovers
93(17)
The Failure of Labor-Management Cooperation
110(4)
Factory Campaigns, 1951--1952
114(18)
Adjusting to the Command Economy
132(32)
Enterprise Welfare
138(5)
Wages
143(5)
Wage Adjustments
148(3)
Incentive Bonuses
151(4)
Labor Allocation
155(4)
Party-Government Rivalry
159(2)
Labor Competitions
161(3)
Enterprise Perspectives on the Command Economy
164(32)
Jiangnan Shipyard
165(10)
Shenxin Number Six Mill
175(8)
Huangpu Naval Shipyard
183(6)
Guangdong Textile Mill
189(5)
Command Economics, Local Controls
194(2)
The Rise of ``Party Committee Factories''
196(38)
Strike Waves, Rectification, and Decentralization
197(18)
Re-(de)centralization after the Great Leap Forward
215(19)
Conclusion
234(25)
Culture and Institutional Change
241(2)
Crises and Factory Institutions
243(3)
Building Workplace Institutions: Taiwan in the 1950s
246(4)
Epilogue: Old Factories, New Institutions
250(9)
Archives Consulted 259(1)
Bibliography 260(13)
Index 273

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