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Summary
ELEMENTARY STATISTICS: A STEP BY STEP APPROACH is for general beginning statistics courses with a basic algebra prerequisite. The book is non-theoretical, explaining concepts intuitively and teaching problem solving through worked examples and step-by-step instructions. This edition features increased emphasis on Excel, MINITAB, and the TI-83 Plus graphing calculator, computing technologies commonly used in such coureses.
Table of Contents
1 The Nature of Probability and Statistics
1-1 Introduction
1-2 Descriptive and Inferential Statistics
1-3 Variables and Types of Data
1-4 Data Collection and Sampling Techniques
1-5 Observational and Experimental Studies
1-6 Uses and Misuses of Statistics
1-7 Computers and Calculators
1-8 Summary
2 Frequency Distributions and Graphs
2-1 Introduction
2-2 Organizing Data
2-3 Histograms, Frequency Polygons, and Ogives
2-4 Other Types of Graphs
2-5 Summary
3 Data Description
3-1 Introduction
3-2 Measures of Central Tendency
3-3 Measures of Variation
3-4 Measures of Position
3-5 Exploratory Data Analysis
3-6 Summary
4 Probability and Counting Rules
4-1 Introduction
4-2 Sample Spaces and Probability
4-3 The Addition Rules for Probability
4-4 The Multiplication Rules and Conditional Probability
4-5 Counting Rules
4-6 Probability and Counting Rules
4-7 Summary
5 Discrete Probability Distributions
5-1 Introduction
5-2 Probability Distributions
5-3 Mean, Variance, and Expectation
5-4 The Binomial Distribution
5-5 Other Types of Distributions (Optional)
5-6 Summary
6 The Normal Distribution
6-1 Introduction
6-2 Properties of the Normal Distribution
6-3 The Standard Normal Distribution
6-4 Applications of the Normal Distribution
6-5 The Central Limit Theorem
6-6 The Normal Approximation to the Binomial Distribution
6-7 Summary
7 Confidence Intervals and Sample Size
7-1 Introduction
7-2 Confidence Intervals for the Mean (s Known or n30)
7-3 Confidence Intervals for the Mean (s Unknown or n<30)
7-4 Confidence Intervals and Sample Size for Proportions
7-5 Confidence Intervals for Variances and Standard Deviations
7-6 Summary
8 Hypothesis Testing
8-1 Introduction
8-2 Steps in Hypothesis Testing - Traditional Method
8-3 z Test for a Mean
8-4 t Test for a Mean
8-5 z Test for a Proportion
8-6 chi^2 test for a Variance or Standard Deviation