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Materials in Dentistry Principles and Applications,9780781727334

Materials in Dentistry Principles and Applications

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780781727334

ISBN10:
0781727332
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/6/2001
Publisher(s):
LWW
List Price: $71.45

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Summary

The Second Edition of this textbook for dental assisting, dental hygiene, and first-year dental students retains its well-organized, easy-to-follow format, with enhanced content, tables, illustrations, and display boxes. Expanded chapters cover preventative materials, abrasion and polishing, dental implants and composites. Coverage of new materials includes ceramics, dental cements, and new gold alloys for PFM restorations. Additional problem solving and clinically relevant examples are provided, plus a concise description of the ADA materials acceptance and specification program. Other features include a glossary of terms, chapter outlines, manufacturer websites, and review and checkpoint questions denoting clinical situations.

Table of Contents

Preface v
Acknowledgments vii
Introduction
1(8)
Objectives
1(1)
Goals
2(1)
History of Dental Materials
3(1)
The Oral Environment
4(1)
Characteristics of the Ideal Dental Material
5(1)
Quality Assurance Programs
6(3)
Characteristics of Materials
9(32)
Objectives
9(1)
Classes of Materials --- Examples in Dentistry
10(8)
Metals
10(4)
Ceramics
14(1)
Polymers
15(3)
Structure of Materials
18(1)
Bonding
18(1)
Atomic Arrangements
18(1)
Physical Characteristics
19(11)
Thermal and Electrical Properties
19(2)
Solubility and Sorption
21(2)
Adhesion
23(2)
Color and Esthetics
25(2)
Corrosion
27(3)
Mechanical Characteristics
30(5)
Types of Forces
31(1)
Stress and Strain
31(1)
Stress-Strain Diagram
32(2)
Other Properties
34(1)
Biologic Characteristics
35(1)
Summary
36(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
37(4)
Preventive Materials
41(18)
Objectives
41(1)
Pit and Fissure Sealants
42(8)
History and Rationale
42(3)
Materials
45(2)
Handling and Placement of Resin-Based Sealants
47(3)
Preventive Resin Restorations
50(1)
Fluoride-Releasing Agents
51(3)
Gels and Varnishes
51(2)
Glass Ionomers
53(1)
Resins
54(1)
Mouthguards
54(2)
Summary
56(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
56(3)
Intermediary Materials and Cements
59(26)
Objectives
59(1)
Definition of Terms
60(1)
Varnishes
60(3)
Uses of Varnishes
60(1)
Types of Varnishes
61(1)
Handling and Placement of Varnishes
62(1)
Characteristics of Varnishes
62(1)
Liners
63(7)
Uses of Liners
63(1)
Types of Liners
63(3)
Handling and Placement of Liners
66(1)
Characteristics of Liners
67(3)
Bases
70(3)
Uses of Bases
70(1)
Types of Bases
70(1)
Handling and Placement of Bases
71(1)
Characteristics of Bases
71(2)
Cements
73(8)
Uses of Cements
73(1)
Types of Cements
74(2)
Handling and Placement of Cements
76(3)
Characteristics of Cements
79(2)
Summary
81(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
82(3)
Direct Esthetic Anterior Restoratives
85(34)
Objectives
85(1)
Historical Perspective
86(1)
Uses of Composites, Glass Ionomeres, and Compomers
87(1)
Dental Composites
88(13)
Types and Packaging
88(1)
Composition
89(5)
Handling and Mixing
94(2)
Setting Reaction
96(2)
Finishing
98(1)
Characteristics and Properties
98(2)
Clinical Performance
100(1)
Glass Ionomers
101(8)
Types and Packaging
101(1)
Composition
102(1)
Mixing
103(2)
Handling
105(1)
Setting Reaction
106(2)
Characteristics and Properties
108(1)
Clinical Performance
108(1)
Compomers
109(1)
Enamel and Dentin Adhesives
110(5)
Enamel Adhesives
110(1)
Dentin Adhesives
110(5)
Summary
115(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
116(3)
Direct Posterior Restoratives
119(28)
Objectives
119(1)
Amalgam
120(15)
Uses
121(1)
Types and Composition
121(2)
Mixing and Handling
123(4)
Setting Reaction
127(3)
Characteristics and Properties
130(4)
Clinical Success
134(1)
Composites
135(5)
Uses
135(1)
Types and Composition
136(1)
Mixing and Handling
136(2)
Setting Reaction
138(1)
Characteristics and Properties
138(1)
Clinical Success
139(1)
Direct Filling Gold
140(2)
Summary
142(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
143(4)
Materials for Inlays, Onlays, Crowns, and Bridges
147(26)
Objectives
147(1)
Types of Materials
148(1)
Metals: Some Basic Concepts
148(6)
Producing the Metallic Structure
149(1)
Deformation of Metals
150(2)
Alloying
152(2)
Metals: Composition, Properties, and Preparation
154(4)
Noble Metal Alloys
154(3)
Base Metal Alloys
157(1)
Ceramics: Some Basic Concepts
158(1)
Ceramics: Composition, Properties, and Preparation
159(6)
Dental Porcelains
159(3)
Other Dental Ceramics
162(3)
Repair of Porcelain and Ceramic Restorations
165(1)
Composites: Composition, Properties, and Preparation
165(5)
Reinforced Composites
168(2)
Summary
170(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
170(3)
Impression Materials
173(30)
Objectives
173(1)
Uses of Impression Materials in Dentistry
174(3)
Composition of Impression Materials
177(6)
Inelastic Materials
177(1)
Elastic Materials: The Hydrocolloids
178(1)
Elastic Materials: The Elastomers
179(4)
Mixing and Handling of Impression Materials
183(11)
Inelastic Materials
183(1)
Elastic Materials: The Hydrocolloids
184(6)
Elastic Materials: The Elastomers
190(4)
Characteristics of Impression Materials
194(4)
Flexibility
194(1)
Accuracy
195(1)
Tear Strength
196(1)
Stability
196(1)
Dimensional Change
196(1)
Surface Wetting
197(1)
Working and Setting Time
197(1)
Disinfection of Impression Materials
198(1)
Summary
198(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
199(4)
Dental Plaster and Stone
203(20)
Objectives
203(1)
Uses of Gypsum Products in Dentistry
204(1)
Composition of Plaster, Stone, and Gypsum
204(1)
Handling and Mixing
205(4)
Dispensing
207(1)
Mixing
207(2)
Cleanup
209(1)
Setting Time
209(2)
Water-to-Powder Ratio
209(1)
Gypsum Contaminants
210(1)
Additives
210(1)
Mixing Time
211(1)
Temperature
211(1)
Setting Expansion
211(1)
Water-to-Powder Ratio
212(1)
Properties: Strength and Hardness
212(1)
Types of Plasters and Stones
213(2)
Impression Plaster
214(1)
Laboratory or Model Plaster
214(1)
Laboratory Stone
214(1)
Die Stone
214(1)
High-Strength, High-Expansion Die Stone
214(1)
Pouring and Trimming a Gypsum Cast
215(4)
Disinfection of Stone Casts or Dies
219(1)
Summary
219(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
220(3)
Provisional Restoratives
223(14)
Objectives
223(1)
Uses of Provisional Restoratives in Dentistry
224(1)
Types of Provisional Restoratives
224(6)
Zinc Oxide Eugenol
224(3)
Acrylic
227(1)
Composites
227(1)
Aluminum Crowns, Denture Resins, and Others
228(2)
Mixing and Placing an Acrylic Provisional Restorative
230(3)
Single-Tooth Provisional Restoration
230(1)
Provisional Bridge
231(2)
Summary
233(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
234(3)
Materials for Cast Restorations
237(18)
Objectives
237(1)
Casting: The Basic Concept
238(1)
Waxes
238(3)
Uses in Dentistry
238(1)
Types and Characteristics
238(3)
Die Materials
241(1)
Uses in Dentistry
241(1)
Types and Characteristics
241(1)
Investment Materials
242(2)
Uses in Dentistry
242(1)
Types and Characteristics
242(2)
The Lost Wax Casting Process
244(8)
Summary
252(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
253(2)
Polymers for Prosthetics
255(26)
Objectives
255(1)
Polymeric Materials: The Basics
256(6)
Definitions and Uses in Dentistry
256(1)
Chemistry of Polymerization
257(1)
Polymer Size and Its Effects
258(1)
Polymer Structure and Its Effects
259(1)
Properties of Polymers
260(2)
Prosthetic Resins
262(9)
Denture Base Materials
262(7)
Denture Liners and Conditioners
269(1)
Other Resin Systems
270(1)
Production of a Heat-Processed Denture
271(3)
Construction of an Acrylic Custom Tray
274(4)
Summary
278(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
278(3)
Metal Alloys for Orthodontics, Prosthodontics, and Pediatric Dentistry
281(12)
Objectives
281(1)
Uses of Metal Alloys in Dentistry
282(1)
Types of Alloys
282(4)
Stainless Steels
282(2)
Cobalt-Chromium Alloys
284(1)
Pure Titanium and Titanium Alloys
285(1)
Nickel-Chromium Alloys
286(1)
Properties of Alloys
286(4)
Alloys for Orthodontic Wires
287(1)
Alloys for Prosthodontics
288(2)
Biocompatibility
290(1)
Summary
291(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
291(2)
Abrasion and Polishing
293(18)
Objectives
293(1)
Definitions and Theory of Finishing
294(1)
Factors Affecting Finishing
295(3)
Hardness
295(1)
Shape
296(1)
Size
296(1)
Pressure
297(1)
Speed
297(1)
Lubrication
297(1)
Instruments Used in Cutting and Abrading
298(6)
Composition of Abrasives
299(3)
Prophylaxis Pastes, Dentifrices, and Denture Cleansers
302(2)
Finishing Procedures
304(4)
Composites
304(1)
Amalgam
305(1)
Alloys
306(1)
Ceramics and Porcelains
307(1)
Acrylics
308(1)
Summary
308(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
308(3)
Dental Implants
311(11)
Objectives
311(1)
Uses of Implants in Dentistry
312(1)
Types of Dental Implants
312(3)
Composition of Implant Materials
315(3)
Metals
315(1)
Ceramics
316(1)
Coated Metals
317(1)
Clinical Factors Concerning Implants
318(1)
Criteria for Patient Selection
318(1)
Criteria for Clinical Success
318(1)
Summary
319(1)
Study Questions and Problem Solving
320(2)
Glossary 322(11)
Dental Materials Products 333(4)
Dental Product Manufacturers 337(4)
Answers to the Study Questions 341(2)
Index 343


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