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"The Meaning of Difference" is a combined text-reader about the social construction of difference as that operates in American formulations of race, sex and gender, social class, and sexual orientation. It is premised on the conviction that similar processes are operating when we see difference of color, gender, class, and sexuality - and that these processes likely also apply to other master statuses such as disability, ethnicity, or national-origin. Three framework essays provide the conceptual structure for the book. Each framework essay is followed by a set of readings that illustrate the concepts developed in the essays. Readings have been selected because they identify concepts that are generalizable to a variety of statuses.
Table of Contents
SECTION I. Framework Essay: CONSTRUCTING CATEGORIES OF DIFFERENCE
What is Race?
1. Who is Black? One Nation's Definition, F. James Davis
A Wonderful Opportunity, R.M.A
2. The New Colored People, Jon Michael Spencer
3. Federal Indian Identification Policy, M. Annette Jaimes
4. La Raza and the Melting Pot: A Comparative Look at Multiethnicity, Carlos A. Fernandez
5. Asian American Panethnicity, Yen Le Espiritu
I Thought My Race Was Invisible, Sherri H. Pereira
6. Whiteness as an 'Unmarked' Cultural Category, Ruth Frankenberg
What is Sex? What is Gender?
7. The Five Sexes: Why Male and Female Are Not Enough, Anne Fausto-Sterling
8. The Berdache Tradition, Walter L. Williams
9. Gender Stereotypes and Roles, Susan Basow
He Hit Her, Tim Norton
What is Social Class?
10. The Remedy: Class, Race, and Affirmative Action, Richard D. Kahlenberg
11. The Underclass: Concept, Controversy, and Evidence, Ronald B. Mincy
I Am a Pakistani Woman , Hoorie I. Siddique
What is Sexual Orientation?
12. The Invention of Heterosexuality, Jonathan Ned Katz
13. Homosexuality: A Social Phenomenon, Barbara Sherman Heyl
14. The Development of Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Identities, Heidi Levine & Nancy J. Evans
An Opportunity to Get Even , Carol A. Mabry
SECTION II. Framework Essay: EXPERIENCING DIFFERENCE
15. What Are You?, Joanne Nobuko Miyamoto
16. Oppression, Marilyn Frye
17. 'Can You See the Rainbow?' The Roots of Denial, Sally French
18. Disability Beyond Stigma: Social Interaction, Discrimination, and Activism, Michelle Fine and Adrienne Asch
I am Legally Blind, Beth Omansky Gordon
19. Time to Look and Listen, Magdoline Asfahani
20. The Accidental Asian, Eric Liu
21. Can Asian Americans Turn the Media Tide?, Helen Zia
22. Missing People and Others: Joining Together to Expand the Circle, Arturo Madrid
Going Home, Keeva Haynes
23. Talking Past Each Other: Black and White Languages of Race, Bob Blauner
Where Are You From?, C.C
24. Driving While Black, John Lamberth
25. Darkness Made Visible: Law, Metaphor, and the Racial Self, D. Marvin Jones
Play Some Rolling Stones , Mark Donald Stockenberg