Preface | p. xi |

Acknowledgments | p. xvii |

Introduction | p. 1 |

Introduction | p. 1 |

Types of Material Failure | p. 2 |

Design and Materials Selection | p. 10 |

Technological Challenge | p. 16 |

Economic Importance of Fracture | p. 18 |

Summary | p. 19 |

References | p. 20 |

Problems and Questions | p. 20 |

Structure and Deformation in Materials | p. 23 |

Introduction | p. 23 |

Bonding in Solids | p. 25 |

Structure in Crystalline Materials | p. 29 |

Elastic Deformation and Theoretical Strength | p. 33 |

Inelastic Deformation | p. 38 |

Summary | p. 44 |

References | p. 45 |

Problems and Questions | p. 46 |

A Survey of Engineering Materials | p. 48 |

Introduction | p. 48 |

Alloying and Processing of Metals | p. 49 |

Irons and Steels | p. 55 |

Nonferrous Metals | p. 63 |

Polymers | p. 67 |

Ceramics and Glasses | p. 77 |

Composite Materials | p. 83 |

Materials Selection for Engineering Components | p. 88 |

Summary | p. 94 |

References | p. 96 |

Problems and Questions | p. 97 |

Mechanical Testing: Tension Test and Other Basic Tests | p. 101 |

Introduction | p. 101 |

Introduction to Tension Test | p. 106 |

Engineering Stress-Strain Properties | p. 111 |

Trends in Tensile Behavior | p. 120 |

True Stress-Strain Interpretation of Tension Test | p. 126 |

Compression Test | p. 135 |

Hardness Tests | p. 140 |

Notch-Impact Tests | p. 147 |

Bending and Torsion Tests | p. 152 |

Summary | p. 158 |

References | p. 159 |

Problems and Questions | p. 160 |

Stress-Strain Relationships and Behavior | p. 171 |

Introduction | p. 171 |

Models for Deformation Behavior | p. 172 |

Elastic Deformation | p. 182 |

Anisotropic Materials | p. 195 |

Summary | p. 204 |

References | p. 206 |

Problems and Questions | p. 206 |

Review of Complex and Principal States of Stress and Strain | p. 214 |

Introduction | p. 214 |

Plane Stress | p. 215 |

Principal Stresses and the Maximum Shear Stress | p. 225 |

Three-Dimensional States of Stress | p. 233 |

Stresses on the Octahedral Planes | p. 240 |

Complex States of Strain | p. 242 |

Summary | p. 247 |

References | p. 249 |

Problems and Questions | p. 249 |

Yielding and Fracture under Combined Stresses | p. 254 |

Introduction | p. 254 |

General Form of Failure Criteria | p. 256 |

Maximum Normal Stress Fracture Criterion | p. 258 |

Maximum Shear Stress Yield Criterion | p. 261 |

Octahedral Shear Stress Yield Criterion | p. 267 |

Discussion of the Basic Failure Criteria | p. 274 |

Coulomb-Mohr Fracture Criterion | p. 280 |

Modified Mohr Fracture Criterion | p. 290 |

Additional Comments on Failure Criteria | p. 297 |

Summary | p. 300 |

References | p. 301 |

Problems and Questions | p. 302 |

Fracture of Cracked Members | p. 312 |

Introduction | p. 312 |

Preliminary Discussion | p. 315 |

Mathematical Concepts | p. 322 |

Application of K to Design and Analysis | p. 326 |

Additional Topics on Application of K | p. 337 |

Fracture Toughness Values and Trends | p. 349 |

Plastic Zone Size, and Plasticity Limitations on LEFM | p. 359 |

Discussion of Fracture Toughness Testing | p. 368 |

Extensions of Fracture Mechanics Beyond Linear Elasticity | p. 369 |

Summary | p. 376 |

References | p. 379 |

Problems and Questions | p. 380 |

Fatigue of Materials: Introduction and Stress-Based Approach | p. 391 |

Introduction | p. 391 |

Definitions and Concepts | p. 393 |

Sources of Cyclic Loading | p. 404 |

Fatigue Testing | p. 405 |

The Physical Nature of Fatigue Damage | p. 410 |

Trends in S-N Curves | p. 413 |

Mean Stresses | p. 426 |

Multiaxial Stresses | p. 438 |

Variable Amplitude Loading | p. 443 |

Summary | p. 453 |

References | p. 454 |

Problems and Questions | p. 456 |

Stress-Based Approach to Fatigue: Notched Members | p. 466 |

Introduction | p. 466 |

Notch Effects | p. 468 |

Notch Sensitivity and Empirical Estimates of k[subscript f] | p. 472 |

Estimating Long-Life Fatigue Strengths (Fatigue Limits) | p. 476 |

Notch Effects at Intermediate and Short Lives | p. 481 |

Combined Effects of Notches and Mean Stress | p. 484 |

Estimating S-N Curves | p. 494 |

Use of Component S-N Data | p. 502 |

Designing to Avoid Fatigue Failure | p. 510 |

Discussion | p. 516 |

Summary | p. 517 |

References | p. 519 |

Problems and Questions | p. 520 |

Fatigue Crack Growth | p. 535 |

Introduction | p. 535 |

Preliminary Discussion | p. 536 |

Fatigue Crack Growth Rate Testing | p. 544 |

Effects of R = S[subscript min]/S[subscript max] on Fatigue Crack Growth | p. 549 |

Trends in Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior | p. 559 |

Life Estimates for Constant Amplitude Loading | p. 565 |

Life Estimates for Variable Amplitude Loading | p. 576 |

Design Considerations | p. 582 |

Plasticity Aspects and Limitations of LEFM for Fatigue Crack Growth | p. 584 |

Environmental Crack Growth | p. 591 |

Summary | p. 596 |

References | p. 598 |

Problems and Questions | p. 599 |

Plastic Deformation Behavior and Models for Materials | p. 612 |

Introduction | p. 612 |

Stress-Strain Curves | p. 615 |

Three-Dimensional Stress-Strain Relationships | p. 623 |

Unloading and Cyclic Loading Behavior from Rheological Models | p. 631 |

Cyclic Stress-Strain Behavior of Real Materials | p. 639 |

Summary | p. 652 |

References | p. 654 |

Problems and Questions | p. 655 |

Stress-Strain Analysis of Plastically Deforming Members | p. 664 |

Introduction | p. 664 |

Plasticity in Bending | p. 665 |

Residual Stresses and Strains for Bending | p. 674 |

Plasticity of Circular Shafts in Torsion | p. 678 |

Notched Members | p. 681 |

Cyclic Loading | p. 693 |

Summary | p. 704 |

References | p. 705 |

Problems and Questions | p. 706 |

Strain-Based Approach to Fatigue | p. 715 |

Introduction | p. 715 |

Strain Versus Life Curves | p. 718 |

Mean Stress Effects | p. 728 |

Multiaxial Stress Effects | p. 736 |

Life Estimates for Structural Components | p. 740 |

Discussion | p. 750 |

Summary | p. 758 |

References | p. 759 |

Problems and Questions | p. 760 |

Time-Dependent Behavior: Creep and Damping | p. 772 |

Introduction | p. 772 |

Creep Testing | p. 774 |

Physical Mechanisms of Creep | p. 779 |

Time-Temperature Parameters and Life Estimates | p. 790 |

Creep Failure under Varying Stress | p. 802 |

Stress-Strain-Time Relationships | p. 804 |

Creep Deformation under Varying Stress | p. 810 |

Creep under Multiaxial Stress | p. 817 |

Component Stress-Strain Analysis | p. 820 |

Energy Dissipation (Damping) in Materials | p. 825 |

Summary | p. 834 |

References | p. 836 |

Problems and Questions | p. 837 |

Review of Selected Topics from Mechanics of Materials | p. 849 |

Introduction | p. 849 |

Basic Formulas for Stresses and Deflections | p. 849 |

Properties of Areas | p. 851 |

Shears, Moments, and Deflections in Beams | p. 853 |

Stresses in Pressure Vessels, Tubes, and Discs | p. 853 |

Elastic Stress Concentration Factors for Notches | p. 858 |

Fully Plastic Yielding Loads | p. 859 |

References | p. 868 |

Statistical Variation in Materials Properties | p. 869 |

Introduction | p. 869 |

Mean and Standard Deviation | p. 869 |

Normal or Gaussian Distribution | p. 871 |

Typical Variation in Materials Properties | p. 874 |

One-Sided Tolerance Limits | p. 874 |

Discussion | p. 876 |

References | p. 877 |

Bibliography | p. 878 |

Index | p. 891 |

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