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Mechanical Behavior of Materials : Engineering Methods for Deformation, Fracture, and Fatigue,9780139057205
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Mechanical Behavior of Materials : Engineering Methods for Deformation, Fracture, and Fatigue

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780139057205

ISBN10:
013905720X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $170.00
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Summary

Praised by readers for its usefulness, this book covers the entire area of mechanical behavior of materials from a practical engineering viewpoint, providing a single-source introductory analysis with specific coverage on materials testing, yield criteria, stress-based fatigue, fracture mechanics, crack growth, strain-based fatigue, and creep. Explains test methods and the principles behind them, and explores engineering methods for predicting strength and life, with real-date worked examples. Completely updates discussions on fracture mechanics, stress-based fatigue, and creep, and adds three new appendices; one that reviews useful topics from elementary mechanics of materials, one that considers statistical variation in materials properties, and a third that aids in locating materials property information in the tables found in various chapters. Updated end-of-chapter references lead to sources of materials data and to more detailed information. For the mechanical engineer, materials engineer, aeronautical engineer, structural engineer, design engineer, or test engineer.

Table of Contents

Preface xi(6)
Acknowledgments xvii
1 Introduction
1(22)
1.1 Introduction
1(1)
1.2 Types of Material Failure
2(9)
1.3 Design and Materials Selection
11(5)
1.4 Technological Challenge
16(1)
1.5 Economic Importance of Fracture
16(3)
1.6 Summary
19(1)
References
20(1)
Problems and Questions
21(2)
2 Structure and Deformation in Materials
23(25)
2.1 Introduction
23(2)
2.2 Bonding in Solids
25(4)
2.3 Structure in Crystalline Materials
29(4)
2.4 Elastic Deformation and Theoretical Strength
33(5)
2.5 Inelastic Deformation
38(6)
2.6 Summary
44(1)
References
45(1)
Problems and Questions
46(2)
3 A Survey of Engineering Materials
48(54)
3.1 Introduction
48(1)
3.2 Alloying and Processing of Metals
49(6)
3.3 Irons and Steels
55(8)
3.4 Nonferrous Metals
63(4)
3.5 Polymers
67(10)
3.6 Ceramics and Glasses
77(7)
3.7 Composite Materials
84(5)
3.8 Materials Selection for Engineering Components
89(5)
3.9 Summary
94(3)
References
97(1)
Problems and Questions
98(4)
4 Mechanical Testing: Tension Test and Other Basic Tests
102(64)
4.1 Introduction
102(6)
4.2 Introduction to Tension Test
108(1)
4.3 Engineering Stress-Strain Properties
109(10)
4.4 Trends in Tensile Behavior
119(6)
4.5 True Stress-Strain Interpretation of Tension Test
125(10)
4.6 Compression Test
135(4)
4.7 Hardness Tests
139(9)
4.8 Notch-Impact Tests
148(4)
4.9 Bending and Torsion Tests
152(3)
4.10 Summary
155(2)
References
157(1)
Problems and Questions
158(8)
5 Stress-Strain Relationships and Behavior
166(39)
5.1 Introduction
166(1)
5.2 Models for Deformation Behavior
167(10)
5.3 Elastic Deformation
177(11)
5.4 Anisotropic Materials
188(8)
5.5 Summary
196(3)
References
199(1)
Problems and Questions
199(6)
6 Review of Complex and Principal States of Stress and Strain
205(34)
6.1 Introduction
205(1)
6.2 Plane Stress
206(8)
6.3 Three-Dimensional States of Stress
214(11)
6.4 Plane Stress Reconsidered as a Three-Dimensional Case
225(3)
6.5 Stresses on the Octahedral Planes
228(1)
6.6 Complex States of Strain
229(4)
6.7 Summary
233(2)
References
235(1)
Problems and Questions
235(4)
7 Yielding and Fracture under Combined Stresses
239(47)
7.1 Introduction
239(2)
7.2 General Form of Failure Criteria
241(2)
7.3 Maximum Normal Stress Fracture Criterion
243(2)
7.4 Maximum Shear Stress Yield Criterion
245(6)
7.5 Octahedral Shear Stress Yield Criterion
251(5)
7.6 Discussion and Comparison of the Basic Failure Criteria
256(6)
7.7 Coulomb-Mohr Fracture Criterion
262(6)
7.8 Modified Mohr Fracture Criterion
268(5)
7.9 Additional Comments on Failure Criteria
273(5)
7.10 Summary
278(2)
References
280(1)
Problems and Questions
281(5)
8 Fracture of Cracked Members
286(71)
8.1 Introduction
286(2)
8.2 Preliminary Discussion
288(7)
8.3 Mathematical Concepts
295(5)
8.4 Application of K to Design and Analysis
300(17)
8.5 Fracture Toughness Values and Trends
317(10)
8.6 Plastic Zone Size, and Plasticity Limitations on LEFM
327(8)
8.7 Discussion of Fracture Toughness Testing
335(2)
8.8 Extensions of Fracture Mechanics Beyond Linear Elasticity
337(7)
8.9 Summary
344(3)
References
347(2)
Problems and Questions
349(8)
9 Fatigue of Materials: Introduction and Stress-Based Approach
357(63)
9.1 Introduction
357(1)
9.2 Definitions and Concepts
358(10)
9.3 Sources of Cyclic Loading
368(3)
9.4 Fatigue Testing
371(4)
9.5 The Physical Nature of Fatigue Damage
375(5)
9.6 Trends in S-N Curves
380(8)
9.7 Mean Stresses
388(8)
9.8 Multiaxial Stresses
396(5)
9.9 Variable Amplitude Loading
401(9)
9.10 Summary
410(2)
References
412(1)
Problems and Questions
413(7)
10 Stress-Based Approach to Fatigue: Notched Members
420(68)
10.1 Introduction
420(1)
10.2 Notch Effects
421(5)
10.3 Notch Sensitivity and Empirical Estimates of kf
426(5)
10.4 Notch Effects at Intermediate and Short Lives
431(3)
10.5 Combined Effects of Notches and Mean Stress
434(7)
10.6 Estimating Long Life Fatigue Strengths (Fatigue Limits)
441(3)
10.7 Estimating S-N Curves
444(7)
10.8 Use of Component S-N Data
451(10)
10.9 Designing to Avoid Fatigue Failure
461(11)
10.10 Discussion
472(2)
10.11 Summary
474(2)
References
476(1)
Problems and Questions
477(11)
11 Fatigue Crack Growth
488(71)
11.1 Introduction
488(1)
11.2 Preliminary Discussion
489(8)
11.3 Fatigue Crack Growth Rate Testing
497(4)
11.4 Effects of R = S(min)/S(max) on Fatigue Crack Growth
501(11)
11.5 Trends in Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior
512(4)
11.6 Life Estimates for Constant Amplitude Loading
516(11)
11.7 Life Estimates for Variable Amplitude Loading
527(6)
11.8 Design Considerations
533(2)
11.9 Plasticity Aspects and Limitations of LEFM for Fatigue Crack Growth
535(7)
11.10 Environmental Crack Growth
542(5)
11.11 Summary
547(2)
References
549(1)
Problems and Questions
550(9)
12 Plastic Deformation Behavior and Models for Materials
559(44)
12.1 Introduction
559(3)
12.2 Stress-Strain Curves
562(8)
12.3 Three-Dimensional Stress-Strain Relationships
570(8)
12.4 Unloading and Cyclic Loading Behavior from Rheological Models
578(7)
12.5 Cyclic Loading Behavior of Real Materials
585(10)
12.6 Summary
595(3)
References
598(1)
Problems and Questions
598(5)
13 Stress-Strain Analysis of Plastically Deforming Members
603(46)
13.1 Introduction
603(1)
13.2 Plasticity in Bending
604(9)
13.3 Residual Stresses and Strains for Bending
613(5)
13.4 Plasticity of Circular Shafts in Torsion
618(4)
13.5 Notched Members
622(11)
13.6 Cyclic Loading
633(8)
13.7 Summary
641(2)
References
643(1)
Problems and Questions
644(5)
14 Strain-Based Approach to Fatigue
649(57)
14.1 Introduction
649(2)
14.2 Strain Versus Life Curves
651(11)
14.3 Mean Stress Effects
662(7)
14.4 Multiaxial Stress Effects
669(4)
14.5 Life Estimates for Structural Components
673(13)
14.6 Discussion
686(7)
14.7 Summary
693(2)
References
695(2)
Problems and Questions
697(9)
15 Time-Dependent Behavior: Creep and Damping
706(73)
15.1 Introduction
706(2)
15.2 Creep Testing
708(6)
15.3 Physical Mechanisms of Creep
714(10)
15.4 Time-Temperature Parameters and Life Estimates
724(10)
15.5 Creep Failure under Varying Stress
734(1)
15.6 Stress-Strain-Time Relationships
735(7)
15.7 Creep Deformation under Varying Stress
742(7)
15.8 Creep under Multiaxial Stress
749(3)
15.9 Component Stress-Strain Analysis
752(5)
15.10 Energy Dissipation (Damping) in Materials
757(9)
15.11 Summary
766(3)
References
769(1)
Problems and Questions
770(9)
App. A Review of Selected Topics from Mechanics of Materials
779(19)
A.1 Introduction
779(1)
A.2 Basic Formulas for Stresses and Deflections
779(1)
A.3 Properties of Areas
780(3)
A.4 Shears, Moments, and Deflections in Beams
783(2)
A.5 Stresses Due to Internal Pressure
785(2)
A.6 Elastic Stress Concentration Factors for Notches
787(1)
A.7 Fully Plastic Yielding Loads
787(10)
References
797(1)
App. B Statistical Variation in Materials Properties
798(9)
B.1 Introduction
798(1)
B.2 Mean and Standard Deviation
799(1)
B.3 Normal or Gaussian Distribution
800(3)
B.4 Typical Variation in Materials Properties
803(1)
B.5 One-Sided Tolerance Limits
804(2)
B.6 Discussion
806(1)
References
806(1)
Bibliography 807(12)
Index 819


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