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Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach, Third Edition, offers an accessible and contemporary overview of this rapidly expanding field. For each health issue examined in the text, the authors first present basic biological information and then expand their analysis to include evolutionary, historical, and cross-cultural perspectives on how these issues emerged and are understood. Medical Anthropology considers how a biocultural approach can be applied to more effective prevention and treatment efforts and underscores medical anthropology's potential to improve health around the world.
Andrea S. Wiley is Professor of Anthropology at Indiana University Bloomington.
John S. Allen is Research Associate in the Department of Anthropology at Indiana University Bloomington.
Table of Contents
Preface A Biocultural Approach to Medical Anthropology What Is Distinctive about This Text What Is New in This Edition Outline of the Book Acknowledgments
Chapter 1. Introduction: A Biocultural Approach to Medical Anthropology What Is Anthropology? The Development of Medical Anthropology What Is Medical Anthropology? The Culture Concept A Biocultural Perspective Looking Ahead
Chapter 2. Anthropological Perspectives on Health and Disease Definitions of Health The Locus of Health: The Body and Society Biological/Medical Normalcy Evolutionary Perspectives on Health Cultural Approaches in Medical Anthropology Epidemiology Conclusion
Chapter 3. Healers and Healing Culture and Healing Systems Recruitment: How Healers Become Healers Alternative and Complementary Medicines When Biomedicine Is Alternative Medicine Alternative Biomedicines Placebo and Nocebo Efficacy Conclusion
Chapter 4. Diet and Nutrition in Health and Disease Fundamentals of Nutrition How Are Dietary Reference Intakes Constructed? Digestive Physiology An Evolutionary Approach to Nutrition Nutrition and Contemporary Chronic Diseases Obesity Diabetes Lactose Intolerance Celiac Disease Conclusion
Chapter 5. Child Growth and Health Life History Theory Gestation: The First 38 Weeks of Growth and Development Childhood Small but Healthy? Is Bigger Better? Sex, Gender, Growth, and Health Environmental Toxins and Growth Puberty and the Onset of Adolescence Teenage Pregnancy in the United States Conclusion
Chapter 6. Reproductive Health in Biocultural Context Medicalization of Women's Health and Reproductive Health Menstruation Premenstrual Syndrome Determinants of Fertility Infertility Falling Sperm Counts: Environmental Causes of Potential Male Reproductive Health Issues Female Genital Cutting Pregnancy Mothering Bed-sharing and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Menopause Reproductive Events and Breast Cancer Risk Conclusion
Chapter 7. Aging The Aging Body Physiological Theories of Aging Evolutionary Theories of Aging The Aging Brain Extending Life? Caloric Restriction and an Okinawa Case Study Health, Illness, and the Cultural Construction of Aging Conclusion
Chapter 8. Infectious Diseases: Pathogens, Hosts, and Evolutionary Interplay Koch's Postulates Taxonomy of Infectious Disease How Pathogens Spread Human Defenses against Pathogens The Immune Response: A Brief Overview Human-Pathogen Co-Evolution Malaria: A Post-Agricultural Disease Evolutionary Changes in Pathogens Variation in Pathogen Virulence Allergies and Asthma: Relationship to Infectious Disease Exposure? Conclusion
Chapter 9. Globalization, Poverty, and Infectious Disease Emergent and Resurgent Diseases Social Transformations, Colonialism, and Globalizing Infections Colonialism and Disease in the Tropics Colonialism's Health Legacy Climate Change and Emerging/Resurging Diseases Dams and Infectious Disease Tuberculosis: Emerging and Resurging HIV/AIDS: A New(ish) Disease Conclusion
Chapter 10. Stress, Social Inequality, and Race and Ethnicity: Implications for Health Disparities Biology of the Stress Response Why Is Stress Different for Humans? Stress and Biological Normalcy Stress and Health Inequality, Stress, and Health Race and Ethnicity and Health in the United States Conclusion
Chapter 11. Mental Health and Illness The Medical Model in Biocultural Context Culture-Bound Syndromes Eating Disorders ADHD and Culture Mood Disorders Schizophrenia Sleep Conclusion
Epilogue The Relevance of Medical Anthropology What Can I Do Next If I Am Interested in Medical Anthropology?