Basic Calculation and Administration Skills | p. 1 |

Review of Arithmetic for Medical Dosage Calculations | p. 2 |

Objectives | p. 2 |

Diagnostic Test of Arithmetic | p. 3 |

Changing Decimal Numbers and Whole Numbers to Fractions | p. 4 |

Changing Fractions to Decimal Numbers | p. 5 |

Rounding Decimal Numbers | p. 7 |

Multiplying and Dividing Decimal Numbers | p. 7 |

Multiplying and Dividing Fractions | p. 10 |

Complex Fractions | p. 12 |

Percentages | p. 13 |

Practice Sets | p. 14 |

Drug Administration | p. 17 |

Objectives | p. 17 |

Who Administers Drugs? | p. 18 |

The Drug Administration Process | p. 18 |

The Right Drug | p. 18 |

The Right Dose | p. 20 |

The Right Route | p. 20 |

The Right Time | p. 21 |

The Right Patient | p. 21 |

Drug Orders | p. 22 |

Drug Labels | p. 24 |

Drug Package Inserts | p. 28 |

Medication Administration Records | p. 34 |

Practice Sets | p. 39 |

Dimensional Analysis | p. 49 |

Objectives | p. 49 |

Getting Started | p. 50 |

Practice Sets | p. 55 |

Systems of Measurement for Dosage Calculations | p. 57 |

The Apothecary, Household, and Metric Systems | p. 59 |

Objectives | p. 59 |

The Apothecary System | p. 60 |

Liquid Volume in the Apothecary System | p. 60 |

Weight in the Apothecary System | p. 61 |

Roman Numerals | p. 61 |

The Household System | p. 62 |

Liquid Volume in the Household System | p. 62 |

Weight in the Household System | p. 63 |

The Metric System | p. 64 |

Liquid Volume in the Metric System | p. 64 |

Weight in the Metric System | p. 65 |

Practice Sets | p. 68 |

Cumulative Review Exercises | p. 74 |

Converting from One System of Measurement to Another | p. 75 |

Objectives | p. 75 |

Equivalents of Common Units of Measurement | p. 76 |

Metric-to-Apothecary Conversions | p. 78 |

Apothecary-to-Metric Conversions | p. 81 |

Household-to-Apothecary or Household-to-Metric Conversions | p. 83 |

Practice Sets | p. 86 |

Cumulative Review Exercises | p. 94 |

Common Medication Preparations | p. 97 |

Calculating Oral Medication Doses | p. 99 |

Objectives | p. 99 |

One-Step Conversions | p. 100 |

Dosage by Body Weight | p. 104 |

Calculating Dosage by Body Surface Area | p. 105 |

Nomogram | p. 106 |

Multistep Conversions | p. 110 |

Practice Reading Labels | p. 116 |

Case Study 6.1 | p. 133 |

Practice Sets | p. 136 |

Cumulative Review Exercises | p. 141 |

Syringes | p. 143 |

Objectives | p. 143 |

Common Types of Syringes | p. 144 |

Other Types of Syringes | p. 148 |

Case Study 7.1 | p. 153 |

Practice Sets | p. 157 |

Cumulative Review Exercises | p. 166 |

Preparation of Solutions | p. 169 |

Objectives | p. 169 |

Strength of Solutions | p. 170 |

Pure Drugs in Liquid Form | p. 170 |

Pure Drugs in Dry Form | p. 171 |

Preparing Solutions from Pure Drugs | p. 172 |

Diluting Stock Solutions | p. 175 |

Case Study 8.1 | p. 178 |

Practice Sets | p. 180 |

Cumulative Review Exercises | p. 187 |

Parenteral Medications | p. 189 |

Objectives | p. 189 |

Parenteral Medications Supplied as Liquids | p. 190 |

Heparin | p. 196 |

Parenteral Medications Supplied in Powdered Form | p. 198 |

Case Study 9.1 | p. 201 |

Practice Sets | p. 203 |

Cumulative Review Exercises | p. 210 |

Specialized Medication Preparations | p. 213 |

Calculating Flow Rates for Enteral Solutions and Intravenous Infusions | p. 215 |

Objectives | p. 215 |

Introduction to Intravenous and Enteral Solutions | p. 216 |

Enteral Solutions | p. 216 |

Intravenous Fluids | p. 216 |

Intravenous Solutions | p. 217 |

Equipment for IV Infusions | p. 220 |

Calculating the Flow Rate of Infusions | p. 224 |

Calculating the Flow Rate of Enteral Solutions | p. 229 |

Case Study 10.1 | p. 230 |

Practice Sets | p. 232 |

Cumulative Review Exercises | p. 236 |

Calculating Flow Rates for Intravenous Medications and Duration of Flow | p. 239 |

Objectives | p. 239 |

Intravenous Piggyback Infusions | p. 240 |

Intravenous Piggyback Medications | p. 241 |

Calculating Flow Rates Based on Body Weight | p. 246 |

Calculating Flow Rates Based on Body Surface Area | p. 247 |

Calculating the Duration of Flow for IV and Enteral Solutions | p. 248 |

Case Study 11.1 | p. 252 |

Practice Sets | p. 253 |

Cumulative Review Exercises | p. 262 |

Calculating Pediatric Dosages | p. 263 |

Objectives | p. 263 |

Calculating Drug Dosages by Body Weight | p. 264 |

Calculating Drug Dosages by Body Surface Area | p. 270 |

BSA Pediatric Nomogram | p. 271 |

Pediatric Intravenous Dosages | p. 274 |

Case Study 12.1 | p. 275 |

Practice Sets | p. 277 |

Cumulative Review Exercises | p. 284 |

Comprehensive Self-Tests | p. 287 |

Appendices | p. 317 |

Answers Section | p. 318 |

Common Abbreviations on Medication Orders | p. 365 |

Units of Measurement in Metric, Household, and Apothecary Systems | p. 367 |

Dosage Preparation Forms and Packaging | p. 368 |

Celsius and Fahrenheit Temperature Conversions | p. 369 |

Tables of Weight Conversions | p. 371 |

Nomograms | p. 373 |

Ratio and Proportion Method for Dosage Calculation | p. 375 |

Index | p. 379 |

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