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Medical Mathematics and Dosage Calculations for Veterinary Professionals



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This is the 2nd edition with a publication date of 8/11/2009.
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Medical Mathematics and Dosage Calculations for Veterinary Professionals, Second Edition, is an updated and revised version of the essential pocket-size reference for using math in the veterinary setting. Covering a range of topics from math fundamentals to drug prescription and dosing information, the book provides step-by-step instructions for calculating dosages, drip rates, concentrations, and other drug administration information. Medical Mathematics and Dosage Calculations for Veterinary Professionals is a useful guide for veterinary health care professionals, veterinary students, and veterinary technicians.

Author Biography

Robert Louis (Pete) Bill, DVM, is Director of Veterinary Technology and Professor of Veterinary Pharmacology at Purdue University School of Veterinary Medicine.

Table of Contents

Self-Assessment Exercise
Self-Assessment Exercise Answers
Review of Decimal Numbers in Medical Math
The Basics of Decimal Numbers
Relative Values
Reading Decimal Numbers Aloud
The Rules for the Use of Zero in Decimal Numbers
Comparing Decimals - Determining Which Number Is Larger at a Glance
Scientific Notation for Decimal Numbers
Addition and Subtraction of Decimal Numbers
Tips for Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Multiplication of Decimal Numbers
Division of Decimal Numbers
Rounding of Decimal Numbers
Fractions as they Apply to Medical Math
Fraction Basics and Simplifying Fractions
Numerators and Denominators
The Larger the Denominator, the Smaller the Piece (and the Smaller the Number Value)
Improper Fractions, Proper Fractions, and Mixed Numbers
Understanding and Using Equivalent Fractions
Simplifying or Reducing Fractions
Addition and Subtraction of Fractions
Adding Fractions
Finding the Common Denominator for More Complex Fractions
Subtraction of Fractions
Addition of Mixed Numbers
Subtraction of Mixed Numbers
Multiplication of Fractions
Multiplication of Improper Fractions
Multiplication of Whole Numbers and Fractions
Multiplication of Mixed Numbers
A Shortcut for Multiplying Fractions
Division of Fractions
The Reciprocal: What Is It and How Do We Use It?
Division of Fractions
Division of Mixed Numbers
Conversion of Fractions to Decimals
Conversion of Decimals to Fractions
Rounding Decimal Fractions and Fractions
Definition and Use of Percentages
Conversion of Percentages to Fractions
Conversion of Percentages to Decimal Numbers
Conversion of Fractions to Percentages
Using Percentages to Solve Problems
Finding the Percentage of a Whole
Subtracting or Adding the Percentage of the Whole
Determining Percentages Represented by the Fractional Component
Solving For the Unknown Value X
Finding the Value of the Unknown X in Addition and Subtraction Problems
Analyzing the Problem and Setting Up the Equation
Moving the Values from One Side of the Equation to the Other
Moving Negative Numbers or a Negative Unknown X Used in a Subtraction Problem
Finding the Value of the Unknown X in Multiplication and Division Problems
Finding the Unknown X in a Multiplication Problem
Multiplication Problems Using Fractions and Mixed Numbers
What to Do When the Unknown X Is in the Denominator in the Problem
Finding the Unknown X in a Division Problem
Unknown X Problems Involving Division of Fractions
Dosage Calculation and Measurements Used in Veterinary Medicine
Different Units, Same Measurements
Metric Units
The Basic Units of the Metric System
Metric Units of Weight or Mass
Metric Units of Volume
Metric Units of Length
Combination of Metric Units to Describe Density or Concentrations
Household, Apothecary, and Avoirdupois Units (Nonmetric Units) Commonly Used in Veterinary Medicine
Common Units
Conversions between Common Household Measurements
Converting Between Metric and Nonmetric Measurements Commonly Used in Veterinary Medicine
The Common Equivalents
Setting Up a Problem to Convert from One Unit to Another
Using the Proportion Method
The Cancel-Out Method
Estimating the Answer: Does Your Answer Make Sense?
Understanding Drug Orders and Drug Labels
The Dosage Regimen
The Dose, Dosage, and Dose Range
The Route of Administration
The Dose Interval
The Dose Form
Best Practices for Writing Drug Orders
Handling Unclear Drug Orders
Drug Labels
The Drug Name
Concentration of Drug in the Dose Form
Dose Formulation and Number of Dose Form Units
Approved Use for the Drug
Controlled Substances and Prescription Labeling
United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) and National Formulary (NF) Label Designations
Hazard Warnings on the Label
Storage Information on the Label
Expiration Dates
Dose Calculation and Syringe Measurements
Performing the Basic Dose Calculation
Converting the Animal's Weight into the Units Needed to Calculate the Dose
Types of Dosages Listed
Putting It All Together - Determining the Dose for the Patient
Proportion Method (Liquid)
Cancel-Out Method (Liquid)
Proportion Method (Tablets)
Cancel-Out Method (Tablets)
What to Do When Tablet Doses Don't Come Out Even
Dispensing Multiple Units of Drug Form
Proportion Method
Cancel-Out Method
Here Is the Most Common Mistake Students Make When Calculating Total Tablets Dispensed
Dosing With the Syringe
Types of Syringes Used in Veterinary Medicine
Syringe Units of Measurement
Measuring the Amount of Liquid in a Syringe
Calculating Intravenous Infusions
Intravenous Infusion of Medication
Types of IV Administration Sets Used in Veterinary Medicine
Determining the Fluid Rate Delivered through an IV Administration Set
Setting the Flow Rate Using the Drip Chamber Rate
Determining the Total Volume Delivered over Time
Practice Problems
Calculating Infusion Rates When Adding Drugs to IV Fluids
Practice Problems
Calculating Common Fluid Rates Used in Veterinary Medicine
Converting Total Infusion Time to the 12- and 24-Hour Clock Stop Time
Ratios, Proportions, Dilutions, and Other Calculations Used by Veterinary Professionals
Ratios and Proportions - Some Additional Points
Making Serial Dilutions
Diluting for Specific Solutions with Specific Volumes
Compounding to Create Percentage Solutions
Diluting Percentage Solutions
Converting Temperature Values From Fahrenheit to Celsius
Roman Numeral Nomenclature
Writing Roman Numerals
Reading Roman Numerals
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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