9780231122856

Melanie Klein

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780231122856

  • ISBN10:

    0231122853

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-12-01
  • Publisher: COLUMBIA UNIV PRESS

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Summary

To the renowned psychoanalyst, philosopher, and linguist Julia Kristeva, Melanie Klein (1882--1960) was the most original innovator, male or female, in the psychoanalytic arena. Klein pioneered psychoanalytic practice with children and made major contributions to our understanding of both psychosis and autism. Along the way, she successfully introduced a new approach to the theory of the unconscious without abandoning the principles set forth by Freud. In her first biography of a fellow psychoanalyst, the prolific Kristeva considers Klein's life and intellectual development, weaving a narrative that covers the history of psychoanalysis and illuminates Kristeva's own life and work. Kristeva tells the remarkable story of Klein's life: an unhappy wife and mother who underwent analysis, and -- without a medical or other advanced degree -- became an analyst herself at the age of 40. In examining her work, Kristeva proposes that Klein's "break" with Freud was really an attempt to complete his theory of the unconscious. Kristeva addresses Klein's numerous critics, and, in doing so, bridges the wide gulf between the clinical and theoretical worlds of psychoanalysis. Klein is celebrated here as the first person to see the mother as the source of not only creativity, but of thought itself, and the first to consider the place of matricide in psychic development. As such, Klein is a seminal figure in the evolution of the provocative ideas about motherhood and the psyche for which Kristeva is most famous. Klein is thus, in a sense, a mother to Kristeva, making this book an account of the development of Kristeva's own thought as well as Klein's.

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Psychoanalytic Century 5(12)
Jewish Families, European Stories: A Depression and its Aftermath
17(18)
Libussa
17(4)
Jews and Catholics
21(3)
Sandor Ferenczi
24(3)
Karl Abraham
27(3)
London
30(5)
Analyzing Her Children: From Scandal to Play Technique
35(22)
The Unconscious Knowledge (of the Child) Versus the Enlightenment (of the Parents)
38(2)
Inventing Stories with Erich/Fritz
40(5)
Hans and (Perhaps) Melitta
45(3)
Playing? Interpreting
48(3)
Plain Words, Negative Transference, and Decondensation of the Phantasy
51(6)
The Priority and Interiority of the Other and the Bond: The Baby is Born with His Objects
57(25)
Narcissism and the Object
57(4)
Inside/Outside
61(5)
The ``Paranoid-Schizoid Position'': Splitting and Projective Identification
66(7)
The Depressive Position: The Whole Object, the Psychic Realm, and Reparation
73(9)
Anxiety or Desire: In the Beginning was the Death Drive
82(16)
Eros Absorbed into Thanatos: Sadistic Devouring and the Anal Attack
82(7)
The Grief that Affords Us a Soul
89(2)
The Power of Envy and a Wager on Gratitude
91(3)
Petits Fours, kleine Frou, Frau Klein
94(4)
A Most Early and Tyrannical Superego
98(16)
From the Earliest Stages of the Oedipus Conflict
98(3)
Neither Boys nor Girls Can Avoid It
101(1)
Persecuting Idealizations and ``Concretizations''
102(2)
The Case of Richard: Goodness Versus Hitler-Ubu
104(7)
How Can We Avoid Being Alone?
111(3)
The Cult of the Mother or an Ode to Matricide? The Parents
114(23)
The Perpetually Renewed Breast
114(4)
A Primary Feminine Phase
118(3)
Female Sexuality
121(5)
. . .and Male Sexuality
126(2)
The ``Combined'' or Coupled Parents
128(4)
An Oresteia
132(5)
The Phantasy as a Metaphor Incarnate
137(21)
The Representative Before Representation
137(7)
``Prenarrative Envelopes'' Between Anxiety and Language
144(6)
Do Women Have an Affinity for the Archaic?
150(8)
The Immanence of Symbolism and its Degrees
158(34)
From Equations to Symbols: Dick
158(11)
Klein on Negativity
169(8)
The Post-Kleinian Approach to the Archaic and the Primary
177(9)
Cultural Acts of Sublimation: Art and Literature
186(6)
From the Foreign Language to the Filigree of the Loyal and Disloyal
192(21)
A Founder Without a Text
192(10)
Mother and Daughter
202(5)
Peace and War Among the Ladies
207(6)
The Politics of Kleinianism
213(36)
From the Great Controversial Discussions to the Independents
213(12)
Lacan's Envy and Gratitude
225(5)
The Left and the Feminists Take Hold of the ``Inspired Gut Butcher''
230(11)
The Inner Mother and the Depth of Thought
241(8)
Notes 249(28)
Bibliography 277(8)
Index 285

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