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The Member States of the European Union,9780199252817

The Member States of the European Union

by ;
ISBN13:

9780199252817

ISBN10:
0199252815
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/14/2005
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $55.00
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  • The Member States of the European Union
    The Member States of the European Union




Summary

This book is the most comprehensive study of the European member states available. It covers the principal member states in separate chapters, as well as bringing together the smaller member states in comparative groupings, and also includes a chapter on the new member states. The countrychapters look at the wider political issues associated with integration and not just policy machinery. In order to help readers understand the interaction of the member states, there are sections that cover analytical and empirical themes such as EU member relations and the European economy.

Author Biography


Simon Bulmer is Jean Monet Professor of European Politics at the University of Manchester.
Christian Lequesne is Research Director at the Centre Francais de Recherche en Science Sociales in Prague.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
List of Boxes xiv
List of Figures xv
List of Tables xvi
List of Abbreviations and Acronyms xvii
List of Contributors xix
1 The European Union and its Member States: An Overview 1(20)
Introduction
2(3)
Analysing the role of member states in the EU
5(5)
Intergovernmentalism: the member state at the centre of EU bargaining
5(2)
Institutionalism and member state-EU relations
7(2)
New governance approaches and member state-EU relations
9(1)
Analysing Europeanization
10(5)
An interactive approach to constructivism
15(1)
Previewing the book
16(5)
Part 1 Analytical Approaches 21(50)
Introduction
23(48)
2 Exercising Power and Influence in the European Union: The Roles of Member States
25(20)
Introduction
26(3)
Points of access in the EU system for the member governments
29(7)
Policy design
29(2)
Policy negotiation
31(2)
Policy legitimation
33(1)
Policy implementation
34(2)
Power and influence in the EU system
36(6)
Political weight
38(1)
Political practice
38(1)
Economic weight
39(1)
Social and economic practice
40(1)
Persuasive ideas
40(1)
Compelling demands
40(1)
Credibility and consistency
41(1)
Drawing comparative conclusions
42(3)
3 Europeanization: How the European Union Interacts with its Member States
45(28)
Introduction
46(1)
From bottom-up to top-down
47(2)
Studying the effect of the European Union on the member states
49(13)
Dimensions of domestic change
49(1)
Mechanisms of domestic change
49(1)
Inconvenient Europe: misfit as the necessary condition of domestic change
50(1)
The domestic impact of Europe: redistributing resources
52(1)
The domestic impact of Europe as a process of socialization
54(1)
The domestic impact of Europe as a process of institutional adaptation
56(2)
Outcome of domestic change
58(1)
Deep impact? The scope of domestic change
58(1)
Coming together or driving apart? The direction of domestic change
61(1)
Bringing the bottom-up perspective back in
62(9)
Part 2 The Member States 71(210)
Introduction
73(136)
4 Germany and Europe: Centrality in the EU
77(20)
Introduction
78(1)
History and politics of the European issue in Germany
78(4)
European diplomacy
82(4)
Integration and institutional adaptation in Germany
86(2)
Integration and policy adaptation in Germany
88(5)
Conclusions
93(4)
5 France: Between Integration and National Sovereignty
97(22)
Introduction
98(1)
French diplomacy for Europe-history and politics
98(8)
Extending French influence through European integration
98(1)
The Birth of Europe
99(1)
European defence
99(1)
Deepening European integration
100(1)
Political union
101(1)
Social Europe
102(1)
Economic and monetary union
102(1)
Increasing tensions between contradictory goals
103(1)
The Maastricht aftermath
104(1)
Redefining Europe's role in the new world order
104(2)
Institutional and policy adaptation in France
106(9)
Formal structures
106(1)
Direct constitutional and legal adaptation
106(1)
Reorganization of governmental structure
107(1)
French regions in a multilevel system
108(1)
Public policy adjustment
109(1)
Public opinion and political cleavages
110(1)
Support for European integration
110(1)
The partisan system
112(1)
Social movements and protests
113(2)
Conclusion
115(4)
6 The United Kingdom: A Europeanized Government in a non-Europeanized Polity
119(23)
Introduction
119(1)
Britain's European diplomacy
120(7)
The EU and British politics
127(4)
Britain and the European Union: institutional adaptation
131(4)
Britain and the European Union: policy adaptation
135(4)
Conclusions
139(3)
7 Italy and Spain: A Tale of Contrasting Effectiveness in the EU
142(22)
Introduction
143(1)
History and politics of the European issue
143(3)
Motivations for membership
143(1)
The foreign policy context
143(2)
Public opinion and political parties
145(1)
The institutional framework
146(3)
Institutions at the national level
146(2)
Regional authorities
148(1)
EU policy-making
149(7)
The relationship between European law and national law
149(1)
The Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Prime Minister
150(3)
The role of the national parliaments
153(2)
The role of the regions and of the autonomous communities
155(1)
European diplomacy
156(3)
Negotiation techniques and EU alliance-building
156(2)
Italy and Spain: allies or rivals?
158(1)
Conclusion
159(5)
8 The Benelux Countries: Identity and Self-interest
164(21)
Introduction
164(1)
Identity and self-interest
165(3)
Political identity
166(1)
Enviromental self-interest
166(1)
Unity with diversity
167(1)
Preference and policy
168(5)
Multilateral market access
168(1)
The Schuman Plan
169(1)
Towards the Common Market
170(1)
Support for supranational authority
171(2)
Distribution and adjustment
173(3)
Integration and business
173(1)
A pro-stability bias?
174(1)
Rescuing the nation state
175(1)
Institutions and adaptation
176(4)
Goodness of fit
177(1)
Interest and institutional context
178(1)
Idiosyncrasy and persistence
179(1)
Conclusion: self interest and identity
180(5)
9 The EU and the Nordic Countries: Organizing Domestic Diversity?
185(24)
Introduction
186(1)
Theorizing the relationship between the EU and its Member States
187(2)
The history and politics of the European issue
189(3)
Bottom-up processes: aiming at influencing EU level policy-making
192(8)
Nordic governments
192(5)
Nordic parliaments
197(1)
Nordic political parties
198(1)
Nordic interest groups
199(1)
Top-down processes: how the EU impacts on the domestic level
200(3)
How domestic politics is affected
200(1)
Institutional adaptation at the national level
201(1)
Policy adaptation at the national level
202(1)
Conclusion
203(6)
10 The Europeanization of Austria and Ireland: Small can be Difficult?
209(20)
Introduction
210(1)
The European issue before and after membership
211(2)
The European issue in Ireland
211(1)
The European issue in Austria
212(1)
Institutional adaptation
213(8)
Ireland
213(1)
Central government and administration
214(1)
Parliament
214(1)
The regions
215(1)
Private interests
216(1)
Austria
217(1)
Central government and administration
217(1)
Parliament
219(1)
The regions
220(1)
Private interests
220(1)
Policy adaptation
221(3)
Ireland
221(1)
Austria
222(2)
Outlook: a critical juncture?
224(5)
11 Greece and Portugal: Convergent or Divergent Europeanization?
229(25)
Introduction
230(1)
The politics of Greek and Portuguese accession
230(2)
The ambiguity of being European
232(3)
External links
232(1)
Dependence
233(1)
Unequivocal membership
234(1)
Managing dependence as EU member states
235(4)
Europeanization and economic nationalism
235(1)
Neighbours rediscovered
236(2)
Europe as a means of finance
238(1)
Migratory flows and the new European order
238(1)
The restructuring of state intervention
239(5)
Increased public spending
239(2)
Changing fields of intervention
241(1)
Problem of administrative adaptation
242(2)
Changing modes of government
244(6)
Politicized centralization
244(2)
Delegation and privatization
246(2)
Political culture
248(1)
Implementation gaps
249(1)
Conclusion: neither convergence nor divergence
250(4)
12 The New Member States and the EU: Responding to Europe
254(27)
Introduction
255(7)
The history of the European issue
262(6)
Negotiating accession and beyond
268(3)
Patterns of Europeanization I: polity and politics
271(3)
Patterns of Europeanization II: public policy effects
274(2)
Conclusions
276(5)
Part 3 Europeanization 281(107)
Introduction
283(2)
13 The Europeanization of Member State Institutions
285(32)
Introduction
286(1)
National governments and the EU
287(10)
The impact on national governments
288(4)
Interaction with the EU
292(5)
Parliaments and the EU
297(6)
The impact on national parliaments
297(1)
Interaction with the EU
298(5)
Sub-national authorities
303(4)
Impact on sub-national authorities
303(2)
Interaction with the EU
305(2)
National courts
307(3)
Impact on national courts
307(3)
Interaction with the EU
310(1)
Conclusion
310(7)
14 The Europeanization of Interest Groups and Political Parties
317(21)
Introduction
318(1)
Europeanization and political forces
319(2)
Parties and interest groups
321(2)
Changing opportunity structures: interest groups
323(5)
Assessing the Europeanization of interest groups
325(3)
Changing opportunity structures: political parties
328(6)
Assessing the Europeanization of political parties
332(2)
Conclusions and outlook
334(4)
15 The Europeanization of National Policy
338(22)
Why Europeanization?
339(2)
Types of Europeanization
341(5)
Governance by negotiation
342(1)
Governance by hierarchy
343(1)
Positive integration
344(1)
Negative integration
344(1)
Facilitated coordination
345(1)
Understanding the dynamics of Europeanization
346(5)
Goodness of fit
346(2)
Regulatory competition
348(1)
Learning
349(2)
Researching Europeanization
351(3)
Empirical overview
354(1)
Conclusion
355(5)
16 The Europeanization of National Economies?
360(28)
Introduction
361(2)
Post-war varieties of capitalism
363(2)
The pressures for change
365(4)
Changing government policies
369(8)
Policy change in the 1970's
369(1)
Policy change in the 1980's
370(3)
Policy change in the 1990's and early 2000's
373(4)
Changing business practices and industrial relations
377(5)
Differential impact of financial markets on corporate governance
377(4)
Differences in corporate production patterns and performance
381(1)
Conclusion
382(6)
Conclusion 388(5)
Index 393


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