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Merrill Chemistry: Solving Problems in Chemistry

ISBN13:

9780028272283

ISBN10:
0028272285
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/1996
Publisher(s):
Glencoe/McGraw-Hill School Pub Co

Table of Contents

Chemistry Skills
1(6)
Reading Scientific Materials
1(1)
Drawing Conclusions
2(2)
Graphing
4(1)
Interpreting Graphs
5(2)
Problem Solving
7(6)
The International System (SI)
7(1)
Significant Digits
7(2)
Derived Units
9(1)
Density
9(4)
Matter
13(4)
Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Materials
13(1)
Elements and Compounds
13(1)
Physical Properties and Changes
14(1)
Chemical Properties and Changes
14(1)
Measuring Energy Changes
14(3)
Atomic Structure
17(6)
Early Atomic Theories
17(1)
Isotopes and Atomic Number
17(2)
Atomic Mass
19(1)
Average Atomic Mass
19(4)
Electron Clouds and Probability
23(6)
Quantum Numbers
23(2)
Order of Filling Sublevels
25(1)
Orbital Filling Diagrams
26(1)
Electron Dot Diagrams
27(2)
Periodic Table
29(4)
Modern Periodic Table
29(1)
Electron Configuration
29(1)
Metals and Nonmetals
30(3)
Chemical Formulas
33(10)
Symbols
33(1)
Chemical Formulas
33(1)
Oxidation Number
34(1)
Polyatomic Ions
34(2)
Naming Compounds
36(4)
Molecular and Empirical Formulas
40(1)
Coefficients
40(3)
The Mole
43(20)
Conversion Factors
43(1)
Problem Solving---Factor Label Method
43(2)
Handling Numbers in Science
45(2)
Scientific Notation
47(2)
Molecular Mass
49(1)
Formula Mass
49(1)
The Avogadro Constant
50(1)
The Mole
51(2)
Molarity
53(1)
Percentage Composition
54(1)
Hydrates
55(1)
Empirical Formulas
56(2)
Molecular Formulas
58(1)
Empirical Formulas of Hydrates
59(4)
Chemical Reactions
63(12)
Representing Chemical Changes
63(1)
Balancing Equations
63(2)
Classifying Chemical Changes
65(3)
Mass-Mass Relationships
68(2)
Mass-Energy Relationships
70(5)
Periodic Properties
75(4)
Radii of Atoms
75(1)
Radii of Ions
75(1)
Predicting Oxidation Numbers
76(1)
First Ionization Energy
77(2)
Typical Elements
79(4)
Hydrogen
79(1)
Representative Metals
79(1)
Representative Nonmetals
80(1)
Transition Metals, Lanthanoids and Actinoids
80(3)
Chemical Bonding
83(4)
Bond Character
83(1)
Bond Length
84(1)
Metals
85(2)
Molecular Structure
87(10)
Lewis Electron Dot Structures
87(1)
Resonance
88(1)
Outer Level Electron Pair Repulsion
89(1)
Hybrid Orbitals
90(1)
Molecular Orbital Diagrams
91(2)
Multiple Bond Molecular Shapes
93(1)
Isomers
93(4)
Polar Molecules
97(6)
Polarity
97(1)
van der Waals Forces
98(1)
Complex Ions
99(1)
Naming Complex Ions
99(1)
Chromatography
100(3)
Kinetic Theory
103(4)
Gas Pressure
103(2)
Temperature
105(1)
States of Matter
105(2)
Solids
107(4)
Unit Cells
107(2)
Hydrates
109(2)
Liquids
111(8)
Phase Diagrams
111(1)
Energy and Change of State
112(4)
Hydrogen Bonding
116(3)
Gases
119(12)
Boyle's Law
119(2)
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure
121(1)
Kelvin Temperature
122(1)
Charles's Law
123(2)
Combined Gas Law
125(2)
Gas Density
127(1)
Gas Diffusion and Graham's Law
128(3)
Gases and the Mole
131(12)
Avogadro's Principle and Molar Volume
131(1)
Ideal Gas Equation
132(2)
Mass-Gas Volume Problems
134(2)
Volume-Volume Problems
136(1)
Limiting Reactants
137(2)
Nonstandard Conditions
139(4)
Solutions and Colloids
143(6)
Solute-Solvent
143(1)
Molality
143(1)
Mole Fraction
144(1)
Colloids
145(4)
Colligative Properties
149(6)
Moles of Solute
149(1)
Freezing Point Calculations
150(1)
Boiling Point Calculations
150(1)
Molecular Mass Calculations
151(1)
Osmotic Pressure
152(3)
Reaction Rate and Chemical Equilibrium
155(8)
Reversible Reactions
155(1)
Reaction Rate
156(1)
Le Chatelier's Principle and Reactants
157(1)
Equilibrium Constant
158(5)
Acids, Bases, and Salts
163(14)
Acid-Base Theories
163(1)
Naming Acids and Salts
164(2)
Strengths of Acids and Bases
166(1)
Net Ionic Equations
166(2)
Ionization Constant
168(2)
Percent of Ionization
170(2)
Common Ion Effect
172(1)
Polyprotic Acids
173(4)
Solutions of Electrolytes
177(16)
Solubility Product Constant
177(3)
Ionization of Water: The pH Scale
180(4)
Buffers
184(2)
Titrations
186(3)
Titrations with Normal Solutions
189(4)
Oxidation-Reduction
193(6)
Oxidation Numbers
193(1)
Half-Reactions
194(5)
Electrochemistry
199(8)
Reduction Potential and Reaction Prediction
199(1)
Voltaic Cells
200(2)
Faraday's Laws
202(5)
Energy and Disorder
207(10)
Enthalpy, Entropy, and Free Energy
207(2)
Spontaneous Reactions
209(3)
Hess's Law
212(1)
Gibbs Free Energy and Equilibrium
213(4)
Nuclear Chemistry
217(6)
Types of Radiation
217(1)
Balancing Nuclear Equations
218(1)
Half-Life
219(2)
Nuclear Applications
221(2)
Classes of Organic Compounds
223(16)
Hydrocarbons
223(1)
Alkanes
223(1)
Rules for Naming Hydrocarbons
224(3)
Cycloalkanes
227(1)
Alkenes
228(1)
Alkynes
228(1)
Aromatic Hydrocarbons
228(3)
Halogen Derivatives of Hydrocarbons
231(1)
Hydroxy Compounds
232(1)
Carboxylic Acids
233(1)
Aldehydes
233(1)
Kenotes
234(1)
Esters
234(1)
Ethers
235(1)
Nitrogen Containing Compounds
236(3)
Organic Reactions and Biochemistry
239(23)
Types of Organic Reactions
239(3)
Biomolecules
242(3)
APPENDICES
A Data Tables
245(13)
A-1 SI Base Units
245(1)
A-2 SI Prefixes
245(1)
A-3 Greek Alphabet
246(1)
A-4 Common Physical Constants
246(1)
A-5 Symbols and Abbreviations
247(1)
A-6 Oxidation Numbers of Monatomic Ions
248(1)
A-7 Charges of Common Polyatomic Ions
249(1)
A-8 Heat Capacities
250(1)
A-9 Electronegativities and First Ionization Energies
251(1)
A-10 Thermodynamic Properties
252(1)
A-11 Solubility Rules
253(1)
A-12 Molal Freezing and Boiling Point Constants
254(1)
A-13 Ionization Constants
254(1)
A-14 Vapor Pressure of Water
255(1)
A-15 Solubility Product Constants
255(1)
A-16 Standard Reduction Potentials
256(2)
B Logarithms
258(4)
B-1 Logarithms of Numbers
258(4)
Answers 262(39)
Index 301


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