9780415371025

Military Nanotechnology: Potential Applications and Preventive Arms Control

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780415371025

  • ISBN10:

    0415371023

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-02-09
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Summary

This book is the first systematic and comprehensive presentation of the potential military applications of nanotechnology (NT). After a thorough introduction and overview of nanotechnology and its history, it presents the actual military NT R&D in the USA and gives a systematic description of the potential military applications of NT that may include in 10-20 years extremely small computers, miniature sensors, lighter and stronger materials in vehicles and weapons, autonomous systems of many sizes and implants in soldiers' bodies. These potential applications are assessed from a viewpoint of international security, considering the new criteria of dangers for arms control and the international law of warfare, dangers for stability through potential new arms races and proliferation, and dangers for humans and society. Although some applications (e.g. sensors for biological-warfare agents) could contribute to better protection against terrorist attacks or to better verification of compliance witharms-control treaties, several potential uses, like metal-free firearms, small missiles or implants and other body manipulation raise strong concerns. For preventive limitation of these potentially dangerous applications of NT, specific approaches are proposed that balance positive civilian uses and take into account verification of compliance. This book will be of much interest to students of strategic studies, peace studies, conflict resolution and international security, as well as specialists in the fields of military technology and chemical-biological weapons.

Table of Contents

List of figures ix
List of tables x
Preface xii
Abbreviations xiii
1 Introduction 1(18)
1.1 Nanotechnology: The next industrial revolution'
1(1)
1.2 Goals and overview of the study
2(1)
1.3 Some NT history
2(1)
1.4 Promises and risks of NT
3(4)
1.5 Previous writing on military uses of NT
7(12)
2 Overview of nanotechnology 19(19)
2.1 General aspects
19(6)
2.2 Molecular NT
25(6)
2.3 Convergence of nano-, bio-, information and cognitive sciences and technology
31(1)
2.4 Areas of NT
32(1)
2.5 NT research and development
32(5)
2.6 Expected NT market
37(1)
3 Military efforts for nanotechnology 38(33)
3.1 USA
38(25)
3.2 Other countries
63(5)
3.3 International comparison of military NT efforts
68(1)
3.4 Perceptions driving an NT arms race?
69(2)
4 Potential military applications of nanotechnology 71(48)
4.1 Military applications of NT
71(33)
4.2 Summary of military NT Applications
104(1)
4.3 Potential military uses of molecular NT
105(12)
4.4 Countermeasures against military NT systems
117(2)
5 Preventive arms control: concept and design 119(15)
5.1 General considerations on preventive technology limits
119(5)
5.2 Preventive arms control: process and criteria
124(1)
5.3 Design of preventive limitations
125(9)
6 Preventive arms control considerations for nanotechnology 134(43)
6.1 Applying the criteria to NT
134(13)
6.2 Preventive-arms-control criteria and molecular NT
147(4)
6.3 Summary evaluation
151(3)
6.4 Options for preventive limits on military NT
154(21)
6.5 Meta-aspects concerning preventive arms control
175(2)
7 Conclusions and recommendations 177(10)
7.1 Recommendations for preventive-arms-control action for nanotechnology
177(1)
7.2 Transparency and confidence-building measures
177(3)
7.3 Recommendations for further research
180(2)
7.4 Concluding thoughts
182(5)
Appendix 1 General nanotechnology literature 187(2)
Appendix 2 US DARPA NT-related efforts 189(8)
Notes 197(10)
Bibliography 207(23)
Index 230

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