9780393314250

The Mismeasure of Man (Revised & Expanded)

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780393314250

  • ISBN10:

    0393314251

  • Edition: 00
  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 6/17/1996
  • Publisher: W W NORTON

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Summary

When published in 1981, The Mismeasure of Man was immediately hailed as a masterwork, the ringing answer to those who would classify people, rank them according to their supposed genetic gifts and limits. Yet the idea of biology as destiny dies hard, as witness the attention devoted to The Bell Curve , whose arguments are here so effectively anticipated and thoroughly undermined. In this edition, Stephen Jay Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve . Further, he has added five essays on questions of The Bell Curve in particular and on race, racism, and biological determinism in general. These additions strengthen the book's claim to be, as Leo J. Kamin of Princeton University has said, "a major contribution toward deflating pseudo-biological 'explanations' of our present social woes."

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments 15(4)
Introduction to the Revised and Expanded Edition: Thoughts at Age Fifteen 19(1)
The frame of The Mismeasure of Man
19(7)
Why revise The Mismeasure of Man after fifteen years?
26(10)
Reasons, history and revision of The Mismeasure of Man
36(15)
Introduction
51(11)
American Polygeny and Craniometry before Darwin: Blacks and Indians as Separate, Inferior Species
62(43)
A shared context of culture
63(8)
Preevolutionary styles of scientific racism: monogenism and polygenism
71(3)
America's theorist of polygeny
74(8)
Louis Agassiz
empiricist of polygeny
82(19)
Samuel George Morton
The American school and slavery
101(4)
Measuring Heads: Paul Broca and the Heyday of Craniology
105(37)
The allure of numbers
105(9)
Masters of craniometry: Paul Broca and his school
114(26)
Postscript
140(2)
Measuring Bodies: Two Case Studies on the Apishness of Undesirables
142(34)
The ape in all of us: recapitulation
142(9)
The ape in some of us: criminal anthropology
151(22)
Epilogue
173(3)
The Hereditarian Theory of IQ: An American Invention
176(88)
Alfred Binet and the original purposes of the Binet scale
176(12)
H.H. Goddard and the menace of the feeble-minded
188(16)
Lewis M. Terman and the mass marketing of innate IQ
204(18)
R. M. Yerkes and the Army Mental Tests: IQ comes of age
222(42)
The Real Error of Cyril Burt: Factor Analysis and the Reification of Intelligence
264(87)
The case of Sir Cyril Burt
264(5)
Correlation, cause, and factor analysis
269(17)
Charles Spearman and general intelligence
286(17)
Cyril Burt and the hereditarian synthesis
303(23)
L. L. Thurstone and the vectors of mind
326(21)
Epilogue: Arthur Jensen and the resurrection of Spearman's g
347(3)
A final thought
350(1)
A Positive Conclusion
351(14)
Debunking as positive science
351(1)
Learning by debunking
352(2)
Biology and human nature
354(11)
Epilogue 365(2)
Critique of The Bell Curve 367(24)
The Bell Curve
367(12)
Ghosts of Bell Curves past
379(12)
Three Centuries' Perspectives on Race and Racism 391(34)
Age-old fallacies of thinking and stinking
391(10)
Racial geometry
401(12)
The moral state of Tahiti---and of Darwin
413(12)
Bibliography 425(8)
Index 433

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