This book is a comprehensive overview of the MMPI/MMPI-2 and its interpretation. In a single source, the book provides an introduction to basic issues in the development and administration of the MMPI as well as a step-by-step procedure for interpreting the test. Additionally, the author discusses the use of the MMPI/MMPI-2 with special groups and it reviews the use and interpretation of critical items, special scales, and short forms. Summaries of empirical research are included in each chapter to illustrate the bases for interpretations. Offers an extended discussion of assessing validity. Uses case studies to illustrate interpretations. Provides a discussion of the use of MMPI/MMPI-2 with adolescents, the aged, and ethnic minorities. Written by an outstanding authority on the MMPI/MMPI-2. For any practicing clinician or psychologist.
1. The Evolution of the MMPI and MMPI-2.
The Early History of the Objective Personality Inventories.
Construction of the MMPI.
Interpretation of Individual Item Content.
Assessment of Test-Taking Attitudes.
Appropriateness of MMPI Norms.
A Contemporary Normative Study of the MMPI.
Development of the MMPI-2.
MMPI versus MMPI-2.
Interpretation of the MMPI-2.
Current Status of the MMPI-2.
2. Administration and Scoring.
Linear T Scores.
Uniform T Scores.
Errors in Scoring.
Interpreting the Profile.
3. Validity Indexes and Validity Configurations.
A Note on the Concept of Validity on the MMPI-2.
Steps in Assessing MMPI-2 Validity.
Accuracy of Item Endorsement.
Cutting Scores for Assessing Validity in Clinical Settings.
Frequency of Inconsistent and Inaccurate MMPI-s Profiles.
Validity Scale Configurations.
Normal K+ Profiles.
Simulation as Role Playing.
Detection of Response Sets.
Obvious and Subtle Items.
4. Clinical Scales.
Scale 1: Hypochondriasis (Hs).
Scale 2: Depression (D).
Scale 3: Hysteris (Hy).
Neorotic Triad Configurations.
Scale 4: Psychopathic Deviate (Pd).
Scale 5: Masculinity-Femininity (Mf).
Scale 6: Paranoia (Pa).
Scale 4-5-6 Configurations.
Scale 7: Psychasthenia (Pt).
Scale 8: Schizophrenia (Sc).
Scale 6-7-8 Configurations.
Scale 9: Hypomania (Ma).
Scale 0: Social Introversion (Si).
Item Overlap among MMPI-2 Scales.
5. Content Scales, Content Component Scales, and the MMPI-2 Structural Summary.
General Principles for the Interpretation of Content Scales.
A Note on Incremental Validity.
MMPI-2 Structural Summary.
6. Supplementary Scales, Critical Items, and Short Forms.
Additional MMPI-2 Supplementary Scales.
Personality Disorder Scales.
Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) Scales.
MMPI Cookbook Interpretive Systems.
Frequencies of Codetypes.
Concordance between MMPI-2 and MMPI Codetypes.
Relationship between Codetypes and Psychiatric Diagnoses.
Prototypic Scores for Codetypes.
8. Interpreting the MMPI-2 Profile.
Effects of Demographic Variables.
Preliminary Issues in Profile Interpretation.
General Issues in the Interpretive Process.
The Interpretive Process.
Examples of Profile Interpretation.
9. Effects of Demographic Variables and Setting.
Caldwell Clinical Dataset.
Ethnic Group Membership.
Multiple Demographic Variables.
10. Adolescents and Elderly Adults.
Appendix A: T Score Tables.
Appendix B: Item Composition of the Scales.
Appendix C: Critical Item Sets.
Appendix D: Prototypic Scores for Specific Codetypes in Clinical Settings.
Appendix E: Item Overlap Among MMPI-2 Scales.
Appendix F: K- And Non-K Corrected T Score Values for the MMPI-2 Basic Scales Based on the Original Minnesota Normative Group (N = 255 Males, 315 Females).
Appendix G: MMPI-2 to MMPI Conversion Tables.