9780521895439

Modeling Volcanic Processes: The Physics and Mathematics of Volcanism

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521895439

  • ISBN10:

    052189543X

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 4/22/2013
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Understanding the physical behavior of volcanoes is key to mitigating the hazards active volcanoes pose to the ever-increasing populations living nearby. The processes involved in volcanic eruptions are driven by a series of interlinked physical phenomena, and to fully understand these, volcanologists must employ various physics subdisciplines. This book provides the first advanced-level, one-stop resource examining the physics of volcanic behavior and reviewing the state-of-the-art in modeling volcanic processes. Each chapter begins by explaining simple modeling formulations and progresses to present cutting-edge research illustrated by case studies. Individual chapters cover subsurface magmatic processes through to eruption in various environments and conclude with the application of modeling to understanding the other volcanic planets of our Solar System. Providing an accessible and practical text for graduate students of physical volcanology, this book is also an important resource for researchers and professionals in the fields of volcanology, geophysics, geochemistry, petrology and natural hazards.

Table of Contents

List of contributors
Introduction
Magma chamber dynamics and thermodynamics
The dynamics of dike propagation
Dynamics of magma ascent in the volcanic conduit
Lava flows
Unsteady explosive activity: Strombolian eruptions
Unsteady explosive activity: Vulcanian eruptions
Sustained explosive activity: volcanic eruption columns and Hawaiian fountains
Modeling tephra sedimentation from volcanic plumes
Pyroclastic density currents
Magma-water interactions
Deep sea eruptions
Magma-ice interactions
Modeling lahar behavior and hazards
Introduction to quantitative volcano seismology: fluid-driven sources
Volcano acoustics
Planetary volcanism
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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