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Modern Latin America,9780195170122
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Modern Latin America

by ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780195170122

ISBN10:
0195170121
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
10/14/2004
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $74.61
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Summary

Now in its sixth edition, Modern Latin America is a lively interpretive history and the leading text in the field. Thoroughly updated and revised, the book includes a new chapter on the history of Colombia from the wars of independence to the violent conflicts of the present day. It also examines such topics as:* the impact of 9/11 on U.S.-Latin American relations* globalization* drug trafficking* women's roles in society and politics* the fragility and uncertainty of democracy in Latin AmericaThe book features sociocultural sections and boxes in nearly every chapter, covering such diverse areas as the psychology of exile, Santeria in Cuba, baseball in the Dominican Republic, and the popularity of Latin music in the U.S. All political and economic information has been updated. As in earlier editions, the authors use an in-depth case study approach that guides readers through the major countries of Latin America, highlighting central themes including European-New World interaction, racial mixtures, military takeovers, and United States intervention in the area. With an insightful look into the future, Modern Latin America, Sixth Edition, will continue to be an exceptional text for undergraduate courses on contemporary Latin American history, society, and politics.

Table of Contents

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xiii
PROLOGUE. WHY LATIN AMERICA? 1(12)
Interpretations of Latin America
5(5)
Analytical Themes in This Book
10(3)
ONE. THE COLONIAL FOUNDATIONS, 1492-1880's 13(29)
The European Context
14(1)
Spanish America: From Conquest to Colony, 1492-1600
15(6)
Spanish America: The Transformation of Colonial Society, 1600-1750
21(1)
Portuguese America: A Different World?
22(4)
The Roots of Independence
26(3)
The Colonial Response
29(3)
Achieving Independence
32(2)
The Brazilian Path to Independence
34(2)
The Aftermath of Independence, 1830-1850
36(4)
The Pull of the International Economy, 1850-1880's
40(2)
TWO. THE TRANSFORMATION OF MODERN LATIN AMERICA, 1880's-2000's 42(27)
Phase 1: Initiation of Export-Import Growth, 1880-1900
43(4)
Phase 2: Expansion of Export-Import Growth, 1900-1930
47(4)
Phase 3: Import-Substituting Industrialization, 1930-1960's
51(4)
Phase 4: Stagnation in Import-Substituting Growth, 1960's-1980's
55(3)
Phase 5: Crisis, Debt, and Democracy, 1980's-2000's
58(4)
Women and Society
62(5)
A Framework for Comparison
67(2)
THREE. ARGENTINA: PROSPERITY, DEADLOCK, AND CHANGE 69(40)
The Struggle over Nationhood
69(2)
Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change
71(6)
Rhythms of Popular Culture
77(3)
The Political System: Consensus and Reform
80(2)
The Military Turns Back the Clock
82(4)
Peronism and Perón
86(3)
The Military Stewardship
89(2)
The Failure of Developmental Reformism
91(3)
The Bureaucratic-Authoritarian Solution
94(2)
Peronists Back in Power
96(2)
The Military Returns
98(3)
Transition to Democracy
101(8)
FOUR. CHILE: SOCIALISM, REPRESSION, AND DEMOCRACY 109(30)
Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change
110(4)
Politics and Parliament
114(4)
From Instability to Popular Front
118(4)
The Era of Party Politics
122(5)
Socialism via Democracy?
127(6)
The Pinochet Regime
133(3)
Redemocratization
136(3)
FIVE. BRAZIL: DEVELOPMENT FOR WHOM? 139(42)
Dom Pedro I (1822-1831)
139(4)
Dom Pedro II (1840-1889)
143(1)
The End of the Empire
144(3)
Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change
147(6)
The First Republic (1889-1930)
153(4)
Getúlio Vargas and the Estado Novo
157(6)
The Second Republic (1946-1964)
163(8)
Military Rule
171(3)
The Quest for Afro-Brazilian Identity
174(1)
From Liberalization to Redemocratization
175(4)
Brazil's First Working Class President
179(2)
SIX. PERU: SOLDIERS, OLIGARCHS, AND INDIANS 181(40)
The Independence Period
183(2)
The Guano Age
185(4)
Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change
189(7)
Oligarchic Rule
196(2)
Leguia: The Oncenio
198(2)
The Reformist Critique
200(2)
Flirting with Alternatives
202(3)
Economic Liberalism and Political Vacillation
205(3)
The Military Revolution
208(5)
Struggles of Civilian Governments
213(4)
Fujimori's Illiberal Democracy
217(2)
Perils of Politics
219(2)
SEVEN. COLOMBIA: DISCORD, CIVILITY, AND VIOLENCE 221(33)
Independence and Its Aftermath
223(2)
Bolivar's Gran Colombia: An Experiment Failed
225(1)
Forming Political Parties: Liberals and Conservatives
226(2)
Rafael Núńez and the Politics of Regeneration
228(1)
The Loss of Panama
229(2)
Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change
231(5)
Conservatives, Liberals, and Convivencia
236(4)
Gaitán, Reaction, and La Violencia
240(3)
The National Front
243(3)
Seeking Constitutional Order
246(8)
EIGHT. MEXICO: THE TAMING OF A REVOLUTION 254(42)
Mexico After Independence
254(3)
The North American Invasion
257(1)
Reform, Monarchy, and the Restored Republic
258(2)
The Diaz Era: Progress at a Price
260(4)
The Mexican Revolution
264(5)
Institutionalizing the Revolution
269(5)
Stability, Growth-and Rigidity
274(13)
North American Free Trade
287(3)
Twilight of the Technocrats?
290(2)
Dawn of a New Era
292(4)
NINE. CUBA: LATE COLONY, FIRST SOCIALIST STATE 296(32)
Dubious Independence
298(1)
Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change
298(4)
Politics: Corruption and Decay
302(2)
Americanization in Pre-revolutionary Cuba
304(1)
Fidel Castro and the Making of the Revolution
305(4)
Defining the Revolution
309(6)
Decade of Experiment
315(3)
Consolidating the Regime
318(4)
The Struggle for Survival
322(6)
TEN. THE CARIBBEAN: COLONIES AND MINI-STATES 328(28)
The Colonial Period: Conquest and Competition
330(2)
Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change
332(3)
Haiti: Slave Republic, Voodoo Dictatorship
335(6)
The Dominican Republic: Unfinished Experiment
341(4)
Jamaica: Runaways and Revolutionary Socialism
345(2)
Puerto Rico: From Settler Colony to Capitalist Showcase
347(4)
Lesser Antilles: Struggle of the Micro-States
351(5)
ELEVEN. CENTRAL AMERICA: COLONIALISM, DICTATORSHIP, AND REVOLUTION 356(40)
Colonial Background
356(3)
Independence: The Struggle for Unification
359(1)
Rafael Carrera and Conservative Supremacy
360(2)
Liberal Theory and "Republican Dictatorships"
362(1)
Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change
363(4)
Panama: A Nation and a Zone
367(4)
Costa Rica: The Exceptional Democracy
371(2)
Nicaragua: From Dynasty to Revolution
373(7)
Honduras: The Military in Politics
380(2)
El Salvador: From Stability to Insurgence
382(7)
Guatemala: Reaction and Repression
389(7)
TWELVE. LATIN AMERICA, THE UNITED STATES, AND THE WORLD 396(44)
From Independence to Pan Americanism
398(4)
The Rise of U.S. Influence
402(3)
The Consolidation of U.S. Influence
405(4)
Expressions of U.S. Power
409(5)
The Nationalist Impulse
414(3)
The Revolutionary Threat
417(4)
Democratic Reformers and the Alliance for Progress
421(3)
Development and Debt
424(3)
The End of the Cold War
427(1)
Regional Economic Integration
428(4)
The Intermestic Agenda
432(2)
Hispanic Culture and Communities
434(4)
Prospects for the Twenty-First Century
438(2)
EPILOGUE. WHAT FUTURE FOR LATIN AMERICA? 440(16)
Dimensions of Change: Demography and Economics
442(3)
Looking Ahead: Political Responses
445(3)
Closing the Socialist Route
448(1)
The Prospects for Development Under Capitalism
449(3)
What Will Happen to the Non-European Cultures in Latin America?
452(1)
Latin America's Contribution to the World
453(3)
STATISTICAL APPENDIX 456(4)
ANALYTICAL APPENDIX 460(11)
HEADS OF STATE 471(9)
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING 480(15)
INDEX 495


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