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Extensively revised and updated in the wake of the Arab uprisings, the changes that they fostered, and the fault lines that they exposed, the fourth edition of The Modern Middle East: A History explores how the forces associated with global modernity have shaped the social, economic, cultural, and political life in the region over the course of the past 500 years. Beginning with the first glimmerings of the current international state and economic systems in the sixteenth century, this book examines the impact of imperial and imperialist legacies, the great nineteenth-century transformation, cultural continuities and upheavals, international diplomacy, economic booms and busts, the emergence of authoritarian regimes and the varied forms of resistance to them and to imperialism in an area of vital concern to us all. The Modern Middle East: A History, Fourth Edition, is engagingly written--drawing from the author's own research and other studies--and enriched with maps and photographs, original documents, and an abundance of supplementary materials.
James L. Gelvin is Professor of History at the University of California, Los Angeles. An award-winning teacher, he is the author of The Arab Uprisings: What Everyone Needs to Know (2015), The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War (2014), Divided Loyalties: Nationalism and Mass Politicsin Syria at the Close of Empire (1998), and numerous shorter works. He is also coeditor of Global Muslims in the Age of Steam and Print.
Table of Contents
Vignettes and Maps Acknowldegments A Note on Transliteration New to This Edition Introduction Part I: THE ADVENT OF THE MODERN AGE Chapter 1. From Late Antiquity to the Dawn of a New Age Chapter 2. Gunpowder Empires Chapter 3. The Middle East and the Modern World System Chapter 4. War, Diplomacy, and the New Global Balance of Power Documents Evliya Chelebi: Seyahatanamé (1) Evliya Chelebi: Seyahatanamé (2) Draft Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the Ottoman Empire and France, February 1535 The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East-Indies (1) The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East-Indies (2) Suggested Readings
Part II: THE QUESTION OF MODERNITY
Chapter 5. Defensive Developmentalism Chapter 6. Imperialism Chapter 7. Wasif Jawhariyyeh and the Great Nineteenth-Century Transformation Photo Essay: The Great Nineteenth-Century Transformation and its Aftermath Chapter 8. The Life of the Mind Chapter 9. Secularism and Modernity Chapter 10. Constitutionalism Documents Commercial Convention (Balta Liman): Britain and the Ottoman Empire The Hatt-i Sharif of Gulhane The Islahat Fermani The d'Arcy Oil Concession Algeria: The Poetry of Loss Huda Shaarawi: A New Mentor and Her Salon for Women Rifaca Rafic al-Tahtawi: The Extraction of Gold or an Overview of Paris Muhammad cAbduh: The Theology of Unity Namik Kemal: Extract from the Journal Hürriyet The Supplementary Fundamental Law of 7 October 1907 Suggested Readings Part III: WAR I AND THE MIDDLE EAST STATE SYSTEM
Chapter 11. State-Building by Decree Chapter 12. State-Building by Revolution and Conquest Chapter 13. The Invention and Spread of Nationalisms Chapter 14. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Documents An Arab Soldier in the Ottoman Army Resolution of the Syrian General Congress at Damascus, 2 July 1919 Theodor Herzl: A Solution of the Jewish Question The Balfour Declaration, 2 November 1917 Mahmud Darwish: Eleven Planets in the Last Andalusian Sky Suggested Readings
Part IV: THE CONTEMPORARY ERA
Chapter 15. The Autocratic State Chapter 16. Oil Chapter 17. The United States and the Middle East Chapter 18. Rebellion Chapter 19. The Arab Uprisings Conclusion The End of an Era? Documents Speech Delivered by President Gamal cAbd al-Nasser at Port-Said on the Occasion of Victory Day on 23 December 1961 Zakaria Tamer: Tigers on the Tenth Day Ali Sharicati: The Philosophy of History: The Story of Cain and Abel Ayatollah Khomeini: Islamic Government Sayyid Qutb: Milestones "Statement of the April 6 Movement Regarding the Demands of the Youth and the Refusal to Negotiate with any Side" Yassir al-Manawahly, "The International Monetary Fund"
Suggested Readings Timeline Biographical Sketches Glossary Credits Index