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Chapter 2. The Special Theory of Relativity
2.1 Classical Relativity
2.2 The Michelson-Morley Experiment
2.3 Einstein's Postulates
2.4 Consequences of Einstein's Postulates
2.5 The Lorentz Transformation
2.6 The Twin Paradox
2.7 Relativistic Dynamics
2.8 Conservation Laws in Relativistic Decays and Collisions
2.9 Experimental Tests of Special Relativity
Summary
Questions
Problems
Chapter 3. The Particlelike Properties of Electromagnetic Radiation
3.1 Review of Electromagnetic Waves
3.2 The Photoelectric Effect
3.3 Thermal Radiation
3.4 The Compton Effect
3.5 Other Photon Processes
3.6 What Is a Photon?
Summary
Questions
Problems
Chapter 4. The Wavelike Properties of Particles
4.1 DeBroglie's Hypothesis
4.2 Experimental Evidence for DeBroglie Waves
4.3 Uncertainty Relationships for Classical Waves
4.4 Heisenberg Uncertainty Relationships
4.5 Wave Packets
4.6 The Motion of a Wave Packet
4.7 Probability and Randomness
Summary
Questions
Problems
Chapter 5. The Schrödinger Equation
5.1 Behavior of a Wave at a Boundary
5.2 Confining a Particle
5.3 The Schrödinger Equation
5.4 Applications of the Schrödinger Equation
5.5 The Simple Harmonic Oscillator
5.6 Steps and Barriers
Summary
Questions
Problems
Chapter 6. The Rutherford-Bohr Model of the Atom
6.1 Basic Properties of Atoms
6.2 Scattering Experiments and the Thomson Model
6.3 The Rutherford Nuclear Atom
6.4 Line Spectra
6.5 The Bohr Model
6.6 The Franck-Hertz Experiment
6.7 The Correspondence Principle
6.8 Deficiencies of the Bohr Model
Summary
Questions
Problems
Chapter 7. The Hydrogen Atom in Wave Mechanics
7.1 A One-Dimensional Atom
7.2 Angular Momentum in the Hydrogen Atom
7,3 The Hydrogen Atom Wave Functions
7.4 Radial Probability Densities
7.5 Angular Probability Densities
7.6 Intrinsic Spin
7.7 Energy Levels and Spectroscopic Notation
7.8 The Zeeman Effect
7.9 Fine Structure
Summary
Questions
Problems
Chapter 8. Many-Electron Atoms
8.1 The Pauli Exclusion Principle
8.2 Electronic States in Many-Electron Atoms
8.3 Outer Electrons: Screening and Optical Transitions
8.4 Properties of the Elements
8.5 Inner Electrons: Absorption Edges and X Rays
8.6 Addition of Angular Momenta
8.7 Lasers
Summary
Questions Problems
Chapter 9. Molecular Structure
9.1 The Hydrogen Molecule
9.2 Covalent Bonding in Molecules
9.3 Ionic Bonding
9.4 Molecular Vibrations
9.5 Molecular Rotations
9.6 Molecular Spectra
Summary
Questions
Problems
Chapter 10. Statistical Physics
10.1 Statistical Analysis
10.2 Classical and Quantum Statistics
10.3 The Density of States
10.4 The Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution
10.5 Quantum Statistics
10.6 Application of Bose-Einstein Statistics
10.7 Application of Fermi-Dirac Statistics
Sumary
Questions
Problems
Chapter 11. Solid-State Physics
11.1 Crystal Structures
11.2 The Heat Capacity of Solids
11.3 Electrons in Metals
11.4 Band Theory of Solids
11.5 Superconductivity
11.6 Intrinsic and Impurity Semiconductors
11.7 Semiconductor Devices
11.8 Magnetic Materials
Questions
Problems
Chapter 12. Nuclear Structure and Radioactivity
12.1 Nuclear Constituents
12.2 Nuclear Sizes and Shapes
12.3 Nuclear Masses and Binding Energies
12.4 The Nuclear Force
12.5 Quantum States in Nuclei
12.6 Radioactive Decay
12.7 Alpha Decay
12.8 Beta Decay
12.9 Gamma Decay and Nuclear Excited States
12.10 Natural Radioactivity
Summary
Questions
Problems
Chapter 13. Nuclear Reactions and Applications
13.1 Types of Nuclear Reactions
13.2 Radioisotope Production in Nuclear Reactions
13.3 Low-Energy Reaction Kinematics
13.4 Fission
13.5 Fusion
13.6 Nucleosynthesis
13.7 Applications of Nuclear Physics
Summary
Questions
Problems
Chapter 14. Elementary Particles
14.1 The Four Basic Forces
14.2 Classifying Particles
14.3 Conservation Laws
14.4 Particle Interactions and Decays
14.5 Energy and Momentum in Particle Decays
14.6 Energy and Momentum in Particle Reactions
14.7 The Quark Structure of Mesons and Baryons
14.8 The Standard Model
Summary
Questions
Problems
Chapter 15. Cosmology: The Origin and Fate of the Universe
15.1 The Expansion of the Universe
15.2 The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation
15.3 Dark Matter
15.4 The General Theory of Relativity
15.5 Tests of General Relativity
15.6 Stellar Evolution and Black Holes
15.7 Cosmology and General Relativity
15.8 The Big Bang Cosmology
15.9 The Formation of Nuclei and Atoms
15.10 Experimental Cosmology
Summary
Questions
Problems
Appendix A. Constants and Conversion Factors
Appendix B. Complex Numbers
Appendix C. Periodic Table of the Elements
Appendix D. Table of Atomic Masses
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems