9780521371001

The Modernisation of Russia, 1676–1825

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521371001

  • ISBN10:

    0521371007

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1999-08-13
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

This is the first book to place Russia's 'long' eighteenth century squarely in its European context. The conceptual framework is set out in an opening critique of modernisation which, while rejecting its linear implications, maintains its focus on the relationship between government, economy and society. Following a chronological introduction, a series of thematic chapters (covering topics such as finance and taxation, society, government and politics, culture, ideology, and economy) emphasise the ways in which Russia's international ambitions as an emerging great power provoked administrative and fiscal reforms with wide-ranging (and often unanticipated) social consequences. This thematic analysis allows Simon Dixon to demonstrate that the more the tsars tried to modernise their state, the more backward their empire became. A chronology and critical bibliography are also provided to allow students to discover more about this colourful period of Russian history.

Author Biography

Simon Dixon is Senior Lecturer in Modern History at the University of Glasgow.

Table of Contents

List of maps
ix
Preface xi
Chronology xiii
List of abbreviations
xvii
Modernisation theory and Russian history
1(26)
Modernisation theory
1(6)
Russian history, 1676-1825
7(20)
Imperial great power
27(30)
Ambitions and achievements
27(7)
Military and naval reform
34(8)
The primacy of foreign policy
42(8)
The consequences of imperial expansion
50(7)
Finance and taxation
57(23)
Muscovite taxation
57(4)
War and financial modernisation, 1700-1762
61(6)
War and financial modernisation, 1762-1825
67(7)
The burden of taxation
74(2)
The political and social impact of taxation
76(4)
Society
80(38)
Social policy
80(4)
Social identities: the peasantry
84(9)
Social identities: the nobility
93(3)
Social mobility
96(9)
Social conflict
105(13)
Government and justice
118(34)
The court
118(8)
Central and local government
126(6)
Patrons, clients, and bureaucrats
132(7)
The church in government
139(2)
Justice
141(11)
Culture
152(37)
Education and literacy
152(5)
Hierarchies of culture
157(3)
Cosmopolitanism and national consciousness
160(10)
Centre and periphery
170(5)
Science and superstition
175(5)
Religion and secularisation
180(2)
Private and public, amateur and professional
182(7)
Ideology
189(32)
Tsar and state
189(9)
State and nation
198(11)
Church and state
209(12)
The economy
221(37)
Economic ideas and economic policy
222(8)
Population and natural resources
230(9)
Transport and technology
239(4)
Trade and commerce
243(5)
Agriculture and industry, town and country
248(1)
Economic growth
249(7)
Conclusion
256(2)
Index 258

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