9781588261717

Modernizing Women : Gender and Social Change in the Middle East

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781588261717

  • ISBN10:

    1588261719

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 5/1/2003
  • Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
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Author Biography

Valentine M. Moghadam is director of women's studies and associate professor of sociology at Illinois State University.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Note on Transliteration and the Iranian Calendarp. xv
Recasting the Middle East, North Africa, and Afghanistanp. 1
Debating the Status of Muslim Womenp. 3
Assessing Women's Statusp. 6
Diversity in the Middle Eastp. 10
A Framework for Analysis: Gender, Class, the State, Developmentp. 14
Social Changes and Women in the Middle Eastp. 19
Economic Development, State Policy, and Women's Employmentp. 33
The Internationalization of Capital and the Middle Eastp. 36
Oil, Liberalization, and Women's Employmentp. 38
Industrialization and Female Proletarianizationp. 41
Characteristics of the Female Labor Forcep. 48
State Policies and Women's Status: Some Casesp. 55
Development, Work, and Women's Empowermentp. 67
Conclusionp. 70
Reforms, Revolutions, and "the Woman Question"p. 79
Gendering Revolutionsp. 82
The Kemalist Revolution in Turkeyp. 90
National Liberation, Revolution, and Gender in Algeriap. 93
The People's Democratic Republic of Yemenp. 95
Revolution, Islamization, and Women in Iranp. 98
Afghanistan: The Saur Revolution and Women's Rightsp. 101
Revolution, State Building, and Womenp. 104
Patriarchy and the Changing Familyp. 113
Patriarchal Society and Familyp. 118
Family Structure in the Middle Eastp. 124
Neopatriarchal States and Personal Status Lawsp. 126
The Demographic Transition and Changes in Fertility Behaviorp. 131
Education and Women's Empowermentp. 135
Conclusionp. 142
Islamist Movements and Women's Responsesp. 151
Causes and Social Bases of Islamist Movementsp. 152
Gharbzadegi: Problematics of Class and Genderp. 158
States and Islamist Movementsp. 161
Personal Status Laws and the Control of Womenp. 162
Women and Islamist Movements: Some Casesp. 168
Conclusion: Women's Responses to Islamist Movementsp. 184
Iran: From Islamization to Islamic Feminism--and Beyond?p. 193
Gender Ideology and Policiesp. 193
The Decline of Women's Status in the 1980sp. 202
Liberalization and Policy Shifts in the 1990sp. 210
Women in the Labor Force: Still Marginalizedp. 211
The Emergence of Islamic Feminismp. 215
Conclusion: Religious State, Secular Society?p. 221
Afghanistan: Revolution, Reaction, and Attempted Reconstructionp. 227
Afghan Social Structure and Its Implications for Womenp. 228
A Prototype of the Weak Statep. 234
Early Reforms Concerning Womenp. 236
Characteristics of Afghan Patriarchyp. 241
The DRA and Women's Rightsp. 244
Internationalized Civil Conflictp. 249
From Revolution to Reconciliationp. 251
Social Organizations and Social Servicesp. 253
Women in the Refugee Campsp. 259
Gender Shock: Life Under Islamist Rulep. 264
Toward Reconstruction, Development, and Women's Rightsp. 267
Conclusionp. 270
All That Is Solid Melts into Air ...p. 277
Engendering Citizenship, Feminizing Civil Societyp. 279
Women in Movement: Claims and Gainsp. 285
Conclusionp. 294
List of Acronymsp. 299
Selected Bibliographyp. 301
Indexp. 307
About the Bookp. 325
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