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Morality in Practice With Infotrac

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780534521110

ISBN10:
0534521118
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/17/2000
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing

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This is the 6th edition with a publication date of 8/17/2000.
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Summary

This is a leading topically-organized reader covering a number of critical contemporary issues. It provides very broad coverage of topics and opinions, drawing on current journalism as well as philosophy. Each chapter covers a different area of moral concern and contains readings covering alternative views as well as practical applications. Introductions to each section provide background for each issue as well as discussion of the ethical theory behind the readings.

Author Biography

James P. Sterba is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame

Table of Contents

Preface ix
General Introduction 1(16)
Section I The Distribution of Income and Wealth 17(54)
Introduction
17(6)
The Libertarian Manifesto
23(9)
John Hospers
Radical Egalitarianism
32(10)
Kai Nielson
A Social Contract Perspective
42(12)
John Rawls
From Liberty to Equality
54(7)
James P. Sterba
Supreme Court of the United States / Wyman, Commissioner of New York Department of Social Services v. James
61(3)
Supreme Court of the United States / Plyler v. Doe
64(7)
Section II Near and Distant Peoples 71(40)
Introduction
74(3)
Lifeboat Ethics: The Case against Helping the Poor
77(7)
Garrett Hardin
The Solution to World Poverty
84(4)
Peter Singer
Impartiality, Beneficence, and Friendship
88(5)
Lawrence Blum
Morality, Parents, and Children
93(8)
James Rachels
The Food-Aid Racket
101(3)
Michael Maren
Some Moral Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid
104(7)
Mary B. Anderson
Section III Abortion and Euthanasia 111(60)
Introduction
111(6)
A Defense of Abortion
117(8)
Judith Jarvis Thomson
Why Abortion is Immoral
125(4)
Don Marquis
On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
129(10)
Mary Anne Warren
A Feminist Defense of Abortion
139(6)
Sally Markowitz
Euthanasia, Killing, and Letting Die
145(10)
James Rachels
The Intentional Termination of Life
155(5)
Bonnie Steinbock
Supreme Court of the United States / Planned Parenthood v. Casey
160(6)
Supreme Court of the United States / Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health
166(5)
Section IV Sex Equality 171(60)
Introduction
171(4)
Justice and Gender
175(11)
Susan Okin
Feminist Justice and the Family
186(6)
James P. Sterba
Philosophers against the Family
192(6)
Christina Hoff Sommers
They Lived Happily Ever After: Sommers on Women and Marriage
198(7)
Marilyn Friedman
Is Male Power Really a Myth?
205(9)
Warren Farrell
Why So Slow?
214(12)
Virginia Valian
National Organization for Women (NOW) / Bill of Rights
226(1)
The Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action
227(4)
Section V Affirmative Action 231(46)
Introduction
231(2)
The Case against Affirmative Action
233(13)
Louis Pojman
The Case against Pojman
246(5)
Albert Mosley
Affirmative Racism
251(7)
Charles Murray
The Case for Affirmative Action
258(4)
James P. Sterba
U.S. Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit
262(6)
Hopwood v. Texas
The Case against Hopwood
268(9)
Reva B. Siegel
Section VI Sexual Harassment 277(40)
Introduction
277(3)
Understanding Sexual Harassment at Work
280(9)
Barbara A. Gutek
Exaggerating the Extent of Sexual Harassment
289(4)
Ellen Frankel Paul
Sexual Harassment in the University
293(9)
Nancy (``ANN'') Davis
Understanding, Explaining, and Eliminating Sexual Harassment
302(12)
James P. Sterba
Supreme Court of the United States / Harris v. Forklift Systems Inc.
314(3)
Section VII Pornography 317(34)
Introduction
317(3)
Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speech
320(11)
Catharine MacKinnon
Feminists against the First Amendment
331(6)
Wendy Kaminer
United States District Court and Court of Appeals / American Booksellers v. Hudnutt
337(7)
Supreme Court of Canada / Donald Victor Butler v. Her Majesty the Queen
344(7)
Section VIII Hate Speech 351(44)
Introduction
351(3)
No Speech Code
354(3)
Gerald Gunther
Speech Codes and Diversity
357(1)
Alan Dershowitz
Regulating Racial Speech on Campus
358(18)
Charles Lawrence III
The Chilly Climate on College Campuses: An Expansion of the ``Hate Speech'' Debate
376(8)
Katharine Bartlett
Jean O'Barr
Superior Court of California / Curry v. Stanford
384(7)
ACLU / Policy Statement: Free Speech and Bias on College Campuses
391(4)
Section IX Gay and Lesbian Rights 395(30)
Introduction
395(3)
Homosexual Conduct is Wrong
398(2)
John Finnis
Homosexual Conduct is Not Wrong
400(2)
Martha Nussbaum
Prejudice and Homosexuality
402(7)
Richard D. Mohr
Homosexuality's Legal Revolution
409(9)
Carl F. Horowitz
Supreme Court of Vermont / Baker v. Vermont
418(7)
Section X Gun Control 425(44)
Introduction
425(2)
Protection or Peril? An Analysis of Firearm-Related Deaths in the Home
427(3)
Arthur L. Kellerman
Donald T. Reay
Armed Resistance to Crime
430(5)
Gary Kleck
Marc Gertz
Guns in America
435(4)
Philip J. Cook
Jens Ludwig
Crime is Not the Problem
439(11)
Franklin E. Zimring
Gordon Hawkins
American Homicide Exceptionalism
450(13)
Daniel D. Polsby
Don B. Kates, Jr.
Congress of the United States / The Brady Bill
463(6)
Section XI Animal Liberation and Environmental Justice 469(56)
Introduction
469(5)
All Animals Are Equal
474(10)
Peter Singer
Ethical Vegetarianism is Unfair to Women and Children
484(8)
Kathryn Paxton George
The Ethics of Respect for Nature
492(12)
Paul W. Taylor
Environmental Justice
504(6)
James P. Sterba
The Power and the Promise of Ecological Feminism
510(8)
Karen J. Warren
Congress of the United States / From the Animal Welfare Act
518(1)
Congress of the United States / Amendments to the Animal Welfare Act
519(1)
Supreme Court of the United States / Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill
520(5)
Section XII Punishment and Responsibility 525(42)
Introduction
525(5)
The Crime of Punishment
530(7)
Karl Menninger
A Utilitarian Theory of Punishment
537(5)
Richard B. Brandt
A Critique of the Humanitarian Theory of Punishment
542(4)
C.S. Lewis
Classical Retributivism
546(8)
Edmund L. Pincoffs
Deterrence and Uncertainty
554(2)
Ernest Van Den Haag
Civilization, Safety, and Deterrence
556(3)
Jeffrey H. Reiman
Supreme Court of the United States / Gregg v. Georgia
559(8)
Section XIII War and Humanitarian Intervention 567(23)
Introduction
567(5)
Reconciling Pacifists and Just War Theorists
572(7)
James P. Sterba
The Politics of Rescue
579(6)
Michael Walzer
The Futility of U.S. Intervention in Regional Conflicts
585(5)
Barbara Conry
Peacekeeping, Intervention, and National Sovereignty in Internal Armed Conflict
590
Kofi A. Annan


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