From a diverse team of writers whose expertise spans law enforcement and cross-cultural relations, comes a book with comprehensive coverage of sensitive topics and issues related to diversity and multiculturalism facing police today and in the 21st century. It contains insightful as well as practical information and guidelines on how law enforcement professionals can work effectively with diverse cultural groups, both inside their organizations as well as in the community. Focusing on the cross-cultural and racial contact that police officers and civilian employees have with citizens, victims, suspects, and co-workers from diverse backgrounds, this book contains information on racial profiling, hate crimes, community-based policing, undocumented immigrants and immigrant women, urban dynamics, and gays and lesbians in law enforcement. For law enforcement managers, supervisors, officers, and instructors.
Table of Contents
I. IMPACT OF CULTURAL DIVERSITY ON LAW ENFORCEMENT.
1. Multicultural Communities: Challenges for Law Enforcement.
2. The Changing Law Enforcement Agency: A Microcosm of Society.
3. Multicultural Representation in Law Enforcement: Recruitment, Retention, and Promotion.
II. TRAINING IN CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT.
4. Preparation and Implementation of Cultural Awareness Training.
5. Cross-Cultural Communication for Law Enforcement.
III. CULTURAL SPECIFICS FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT.
6. Law Enforcement Contact with Asian/Pacific Americans.
7. Law Enforcement Contact with African Americans.
8. Law Enforcement Contact with Latino/Hispanic Americans.
9. Law Enforcement Contact with Arab Americans and Other Middle Eastern Groups.
10. Law Enforcement Contact with American Indians.
IV. RESPONSE STRATEGIES FOR CRIMES MOTIVATE BY HATE/BIAS.
11. Hate/Bias Crimes: Insights and Response Strategies.
12. Hate/Bias Crimes: Reporting and Tracking.
13. Hate/Bias Crimes: Investigations, Control, and Victimology.
V. CULTURAL EFFECTIVENESS FOR PEACE OFFICERS.
14. Peace Officer Image and Cultural Sensitivity.
15. Police Officer Professionalism and Peacekeeping Strategies.
Appendix A: Multicultural Community and Workforce: Attitude Assessment Survey.
Appendix B: Cultural Diversity Survey: Needs Assessment.
Appendix C: Listing of Consultants and Resources.
Appendix D: Self-Assessment of Communication Skills in Law Enforcement: Communications Inventory.
This second edition ofMulticultural Law Enforcement: Strategies for Peacekeeping in a Diverse Societyis a tribute to all our readers who enthusiastically received the original work. It is a textbook for police departments and academies, colleges, and universities. It is also designed to assist all levels of criminal justice representatives in understanding the pervasive influences of culture, race, and ethnicity in the workplace and in multicultural communities. The text again focuses on the cross-cultural contact that police officers and civilian employees have with citizens, victims, suspects, and coworkers from diverse backgrounds. This second edition also includes new or expanded material on the following: hate crimes; community-based policing; undocumented immigrants and immigrant women; urban dynamics; women, gays, and lesbians in law enforcement; and a substantial discussion of racial profiling. We include updated demographic data using the most current population estimates and projections available to date. Throughout these pages, we stress the need for awareness, understanding of cultural differences, and respect toward those of different backgrounds. We encourage all representatives of law enforcement to examine preconceived notions they might hold of particular groups. We outline for police executives why they should build awareness and promote cultural understanding and tolerance within their agencies. An increasing number of leaders in law enforcement agencies and their employees have accepted the premise that greater cross-cultural competency must be a key objective of all management and professional development. Demographic changes have had a tremendous impact not only on the types of crimes committed but also on the composition of the law enforcement workforce and the people with whom officers make contact. To be effective, police executives must understand the diversity in their workforces and in their changing communities. Professionalism today includes the need for greater consideration across cultures and improved communication with members of diverse groups. In an era when news is processed and accessed immediately, the public is exposed almost daily to instances of cross-cultural and interracial contact between law enforcement agents and citizens. So, too, have community members become increasingly sophisticated and critical with regard to how members of diverse cultural and racial groups are treated by public servants. Employees of police departments and other agencies entrusted with law enforcement find that they are now serving communities that carefully observe them and hold them accountable for their actions. This new edition has been updated and expanded to provide practical information and guidelines for law enforcement managers, supervisors, officers, and instructors. With cross-cultural knowledge, sensitivity, and tolerance, those who are charged with the responsibility of peacekeeping will improve their image while demonstrating greater professionalism, within the changing multicultural workforce and community. Robert M. Shasta, M.P.A. Deena R. Levine, M.A. Philip R. Harris, Ph.D. Herbert Z. Wong, Ph.D.