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Muscles: Testing and Function, with Posture and Pain; Includes a Bonus Primal Anatomy CD-ROM,9780781747806
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Muscles: Testing and Function, with Posture and Pain; Includes a Bonus Primal Anatomy CD-ROM

by ; ; ; ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780781747806

ISBN10:
0781747805
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
2/24/2005
Publisher(s):
LWW
List Price: $104.52

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Summary

This renowned classic provides unparalleled coverage of manual muscle testing, plus evaluation and treatment of faulty and painful postural conditions. The thoroughly updated Fifth Edition is completely reorganized and has new, expanded treatment and exercise sections in each chapter. Other features include a new section on post-polio syndrome, additional case studies comparing Guillain-Barré to polio muscle tests, a new full-color design, and a first-of-its-kind chart of upper extremity articulations. A bonus Primal Anatomy CD-ROM contains a three-dimensional interactive model of the human body. Students can rotate the model and add or subtract layers of anatomy to strengthen their knowledge.

Table of Contents

Foreword vii
Preface ix
Acknowledgments xi
Fundamental Concepts
1(48)
Introduction
3(46)
Manual Muscle Testing
4(2)
Objectivity in Muscle Testing
6(3)
Musculoskeletal System
9(1)
Joints: Definitions & Classification, Chart
10(1)
Gross Structure of Muscle
11(1)
Range of Motion and Muscle Length
12(1)
Classification for Strength Tests
13(1)
Strength Testing Procedures
14(4)
Suggested Order of Muscle Tests
18(1)
Grading Strength
19(6)
Key to Muscle Grading
Nerve Plexus
25(1)
Spinal Nerve and Muscle Charts
26(4)
Treatment Fundamentals
30(2)
Neuromuscular Problems
32(2)
Musculoskeletal Problems
34(2)
Treatment Procedures
36(1)
Treatment Modalities
37(1)
Polio: Factors Influencing Treatment
38(1)
Polio and Postpolio Muscle Tests
39(5)
Complications of Polio
44(1)
Post-Suggested Readings
45(1)
References
46(3)
Posture
49(70)
Introduction
51(1)
Fundamentals of Posture
Posture and Pain
52(1)
Body Segments
53(1)
Anatomical and Zero Positions, and Axes
54(1)
Basic Planes and Center of Gravity
55(1)
Movements in the Coronal Plane
56(1)
Movements in the Sagittal Plane
57(1)
Movements in the Transverse Plane
58(1)
The Standard Posture
59(5)
Postural Alignment
Types of Postural Alignment
64(1)
Segmental Alignment: Side View
65(5)
Abdominal Muscles in Relation to Posture
70(2)
Sway-Back Posture
72(1)
Ideal Alignment: Posterior View
73(1)
Faulty Alignment: Posterior View
74(2)
Handedness: Effect on Posture
76(1)
Faulty Posture: Side and Back Views
77(1)
Shoulders and Scapulae
78(2)
Posture of Feet, Knees and Legs
80(4)
Radiograph of Legs
84(1)
Sitting Posture
85(1)
Postural Examinations
Procedure for Postural Examination
86(3)
Postural Examination Chart
89(1)
Good and Faulty Posture: Summary Chart
90(2)
Faulty Posture: Analysis and Treatment, Charts
92(2)
Faulty Leg, Knee, and Foot Positions, Chart
94(1)
Acquired Postural Weakness
95(1)
Posture of Children
Factors Influencing Children's Posture
96(2)
Good and Faulty Posture of Children
98(3)
Normal Flexibility According to Age Level
101(1)
Flexibility Tests: Charts
102(2)
Problems with ``Physical Fitness Tests''
104(3)
Scoliosis
Introduction
107(1)
Scoliosis from Neuromuscular Disease
108(1)
Postural Examination, and Chart
109(3)
Functional Scoliosis
112(1)
Exercises and Supports
113(2)
Early Intervention
115(1)
Corrective Exercises
116(1)
References
117(2)
Head and Face
119(22)
Introduction
121(1)
Innervation
Cranial Nerves and Deep Facial Muscles
122(1)
Cervical Nerves and Superficial Facial and Neck Muscles
123(1)
Temporomandibular Joint Movement
124(1)
Cranial Nerve and Muscle Chart
124(2)
Facial and Eye Muscles
Facial and Eye Muscles, Charts
126(2)
Facial and Eye Muscles Tests
128(6)
Muscles of Deglutition
Case #1
134(2)
Case #1
136(2)
Charts
138(2)
References
140(1)
Neck
141(24)
Introduction
143(1)
Innervation and Movements
144(4)
Spinal Cord and Nerve Roots
144(1)
Spinal Nerve and Muscle Chart
144(1)
Cervical Plexus
145(1)
Joint Movements of the Cervical Spine
146(1)
Neck Range of Motion
147(1)
Neck Muscles
148(6)
Anterior and Lateral Neck Muscles, Charts
148(2)
Suprahyoid and Infrahyoid Muscles
150(2)
Cervical Spine Extension and Flexion
152(1)
Faulty Head and Neck Positions
153(1)
Neck Muscle Tests
154(5)
Anterior Neck Flexors
154(1)
Error in Testing Neck Flexors
155(1)
Anterolateral Neck Flexors
156(1)
Posterolateral Neck Flexors
157(1)
Upper Trapezius
158(1)
Painful Conditions
159(3)
Tight Posterior Neck Muscles
159(1)
Upper Trapezius Strain
160(1)
Cervical Nerve Root Pressure
160(1)
Computer Ergonomics
161(1)
Treatment
162(2)
Massage of Neck Muscles
162(1)
Exercises to Stretch Neck Muscles
163(1)
References
164(1)
Trunk and Respiratory Muscles
165(80)
Introduction
167(1)
Trunk
168(19)
Innvervation, chart
168(1)
Joints of Vertebral Column
168(1)
Trunk Range of Motion
169(1)
Movements of Vertebral Column
169(3)
Movements of Spine and Pelvis
172(2)
Tests for Length of Posterior Muscles
174(1)
Variation in Length of Posterior Muscles
175(1)
Trunk Muscles
176(1)
Neck and Back Extensors, Illustration
177(1)
Neck and Back Extensors, Charts
178(2)
Back and Hip Extensors
180(1)
Back Extensors: Testing and Grading
181(1)
Strong Back Extensors, Misdiagnosed
182(1)
Quadratus Lumborum
183(1)
Lateral Trunk Flexors and Hip Abductors
184(1)
Lateral Trunk Flexors: Testing and Grading
185(1)
Oblique Trunk Flexors: Testing and Grading
186(1)
Abdominal Muscles
187(32)
Analysis of Curled-Trunk Sit-Ups
187(1)
Movements during Curled-Trunk Sit-Ups
188(2)
Muscles during Curled-Trunk Sit-Ups
190(3)
Trunk Movement
193(1)
Rectus Abdominis, Illustration
194(1)
External Oblique, Illustration
195(1)
Internal Oblique, Illustration
196(1)
Tranversus Abdominis, Illustration
197(1)
Obliques: Weakness and Shortness
198(1)
Divisions of Abdominal Muscles, Chart
199(1)
Differentiating Upper and Lower Abdominals
200(2)
Upper Abdominal Muscles: Testing and Grading
202(2)
Abdominal Muscle Weakness: Trunk Raising
204(1)
Abdominal and Hip Flexor Imbalance
205(1)
Sit-Up Exercises
206(3)
Therapeutic Exercises: Trunk Curl
209(1)
Abdominal Muscles During Leg Lowering
210(2)
Lower Abdominals: Testing & Grading
212(2)
Abdominal Muscle Weakness: Leg Lowering
214(1)
Therapeutic Exercises: Posterior Pelvic Tilt
215(1)
Therapeutic Exercise: Trunk Rotation
216(1)
Marked Abdominal Muscle Weakness
217(2)
Painful Conditions of Low Back
219(14)
Low Back Enigma
219(1)
Low Back Pain
219(4)
Anterior Pelvic Tilt
223(3)
Back Supports
226(1)
Hip Extensor Weakness
227(1)
Posterior Pelvic Tilt
228(1)
Lateral Pelvic Tilt
229(1)
Lifting
230(2)
Treatment for Back Weakness
232(1)
Muscles of Respiration
233(9)
Introduction
233(1)
Therapeutic Objectives
234(1)
Primary Muscles of Respiration
235(2)
Accessory Muscles of Respiration
237(2)
Respiratory Muscle Chart
239(1)
Muscles of Respiration
240(2)
Corrective Exercises
242(2)
References
244(1)
Upper Extremity and Shoulder Girdle
245(114)
Introduction
247(1)
Innervation
Brachial Plexus
248(2)
Cutaneous Distribution Nerves
250(1)
Spinal Nerve and Motor Point Chart
251(1)
Nerves to Muscles: Motor and Sensory and Motor Only and Chart
252(1)
Scapular Muscle Chart
253(1)
Chart of Upper Extremity Muscles
254(2)
Cutaneous Nerves---Upper Limb
256(2)
Hand, Wrist, Forearm and Elbow
Movements---Thumb and Finger Joints
258(1)
Movements---Wrist, Radioulnar and Elbow
259(1)
Chart for Analysis of Muscle Imbalance
260(1)
Strength Tests: Thumb Muscles
261(8)
Strength Tests: Digiti Minimi
269(3)
Dorsal and Palmar Interossei
272(2)
Lumbricales and Interossei
274(3)
Palmaris Longus and Brevis
277(1)
Extensor Indicis and Digiti Minimi
278(1)
Extensor Digitorum
279(1)
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis and Profundus
280(2)
Flexor Carpi Radialis and Ulnaris
282(2)
Extensor Carpi Radialis and Ulnaris
284(2)
Pronator Teres and Quadratus
286(2)
Supinator and Biceps
288(2)
Biceps Brachii and Brachialis
290(2)
Triceps Brachii and Anconeus
292(2)
Brachioradialis
294(1)
Range of Motion Chart
295(1)
Strength Testing of Thumb and Fingers
295(1)
Joint Measurement Chart
296(1)
Shoulder
Joints and Articulations
297(3)
Charts: Shoulder Girdle Articulations
300(2)
Combined Shoulder & Scapular Muscles
302(1)
Movements of Shoulder Girdle & Scapula
303(1)
Movements of Shoulder Joint
304(2)
Length of Humeral and Scapular Muscles
306(1)
Test for Length of Pectoralis Minor
307(1)
Test for Tightness of Muscles that Depress the Coracoid Process Anteriorly
307(1)
Tests for Length of Pectoralis Major
308(1)
Tests for Length of Teres Major, Latissimus Dorsi and Rhomboids
309(1)
Tests for Length of Shoulder Rotators
310(2)
Upper Extremity Muscle Chart
312(1)
Strength Testing---Shoulder
Coracobrachialis
313(1)
Supraspinatus
314(1)
Deltoid
315(3)
Pectoralis Major, Upper and Lower
318(2)
Pectoralis Minor
320(1)
Shoulder Lateral Rotators
321(1)
Shoulder Medial Rotators
322(1)
Teres Major & Subscapularis
323(1)
Latissimus Dorsi
324(2)
Rhomboids, Levator Scapulae and Trapezius
326(6)
Serratus Anterior
332(6)
Painful Conditions of Upper Back
Weakness of Upper Back
338(1)
Short Rhomboids
338(1)
Middle & Lower Trapezius Strain
339(1)
Back Pain from Osteoporosis
340(1)
Painful Conditions of the Arm
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
341(1)
Coracoid Pressure Syndrome
342(2)
Teres Syndrome (Quadrilateral Space Syndrome)
344(1)
Pain from Shoulder Subluxation
345(1)
Tight Shoulder External Rotators
345(1)
Cervical Rib
345(2)
Case Studies
Case 1: Radial Nerve Lesion
347(1)
Case 2: Radial, Median, & Ulnar Nerve
348(2)
Case 3: Probable C5 Lesion
350(1)
Case 4: Lateral and Medial Cord
351(1)
Case 5: Spinal Nerve and Muscle Chart
352(3)
Case 6: Stretch Weakness Superimposed on a Peripheral Nerve Injury
355(1)
Overuse Injuries
356(1)
Exercises
357(1)
References
358(1)
Lower Extremity
359(106)
Introduction
361(1)
Innervation
Lumbar Plexus, Sacral Plexus
362(2)
Spinal Nerve and Muscle Chart
364(1)
Spinal Nerve and Motor Point Chart
365(1)
Chart of Lower Extremity Muscles
366(2)
Nerves to Muscles: Motor & Sensory
368(1)
Cutaneous Nerves of the Lower Limb
369(1)
Joint Movement
Movements of Toes, Foot, Ankle and Knee
370(2)
Movements of Hip Joint
372(2)
Joint Measurement Chart
374(1)
Treatment of Muscle Length Problems
375(1)
Test for Length of Ankle Plantar Flexors
375(1)
Test for Length of Hip Flexor Muscles
376(5)
Hip Flexor Stretching
381(1)
Problems with Hamstring Length Testing
382(1)
Tests for Length of Hamstring Muscles
383(2)
Short Hamstrings
385(2)
Effect of Hip Flexor Shortness
387(1)
Errors in Testing Hamstring Length
388(2)
Hamstring Stretching
390(1)
Ober and Modified Ober Test
391(4)
Hip Flexor Length Testing
395(3)
Tensor Fasciae Latae Stretching
398(1)
Muscle Strength Tests
Chart for Analysis of Muscle Imbalance
399(1)
Strength Test: Toe Muscles
400(10)
Tibialis Anterior
410(1)
Tibialis Posterior
411(1)
Peroneus Longus and Brevis
412(1)
Ankle Plantar Flexors
413(3)
Popliteus
416(1)
Hamstrings and Gracilis
417(3)
Quadriceps Femoris
420(2)
Hip Flexors
422(2)
Sartorius
424(1)
Tensor Fasciae Latae
425(1)
Hip Adductors
426(3)
Medial Rotators of Hip Joint
429(1)
Lateral Rotators of Hip Joint
430(2)
Gluteus Minimus
432(1)
Gluteus Medius
433(1)
Gluteus Medius Weakness
434(1)
Trendelenberg Sign & Hip Abductor Weakness
435(1)
Gluteus Maximus
436(2)
Leg Length Measurement
438(1)
Apparent Leg Length Discrepancy
439(1)
Painful Conditions
Foot Problems
440(4)
Shoes and Shoe Corrections
444(3)
Knee Problems
447(2)
Leg Pain
449(1)
Tight Tensor Fasciae Latae and ITB
449(1)
Stretched Tensor and ITB
450(2)
Protruded Intervertebral Disk
452(1)
Piriformis Muscle and Sciatic Pain
453(1)
Neuromuscular Problems
454(1)
Case 1: Peroneal Nerve Injury
455(1)
Case 2: Lumbosacral Nerves
456(2)
Case 3: L5 Lesion
458(1)
Case 4: Guillain-Barre
459(1)
Case 5: Guillain-Barre
460(1)
Case 6: Polio
461(1)
Exercise Sheets
462(2)
References
464(1)
Appendix A: Spinal Segment Distribution to Nerves and Muscles 465(3)
Charts 468(5)
Appendix B: Isolated Paralysis of the Serratus Anterior Muscle 473
Glossary 1(1)
Suggested Readings 1(1)
Index 1


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