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With the daunting energy challenges faced by Mankind in the 21st century, revolutionary new technologies will be the key to a clean, secure and sustainable energy future. Nanostructures often have surprising and very useful capabilities and are thus paving the way for new methodologies in almost every kind of industry.
This exceptional monograph provides an overview of the subject, and presents the current state of the art with regard to different aspects of sustainable production, efficient storage and low-impact use of energy.
Comprised of eighteen chapters, the book is divided in three thematic parts:
Part I Sustainable Energy Production covers the main developments of nanotechnology in clean energy production and conversion, including photovoltaics, hydrogen production, thermal-electrical energy conversion and fuel cells.
Part II Efficient Energy Storage is concerned with the potential use of nanomaterials in more efficient energy storage systems such as advanced batteries, supercapacitors and hydrogen storage.
Part III Energy Sustainability shows how nanotechnology helps to use energy more efficiently, and the mitigation of impacts to the environment, with special emphasis on energy savings through green nanofabrication, advanced catalysis, nanostructured light-emitting and eletrochromic devices and CO2 capture by nanoporous materials .
An essential addition to any bookshelf, it will be invaluable to a variety of research fields including materials science, chemical engineering, solid state, surface, industrial, and physical chemistry, as this is a subject that is very interdisciplinary.
Table of Contents
NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR ENERGY PRODUCTION
Energy Challenge in the 21st Century and Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology in Energy Production
NANOTECHNOLOGY IN DYE-SENSITIZED PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICES
Semiconductors and Optical Absorption
Dye Molecular Engineering
The Stable Self-Assembling Dye Monomolecular Layer
The Nanostructured Semiconductor
THERMAL-ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONVERSION FROM THE NANOTECHNOLOGY PERSPECTIVE
Established Bulk Thermoelectric Materials
Selection Criteria for Bulk Thermoelectric Materials
Survey of Size Effects
Thermoelectric Properties on the Nanoscale: Modeling and Metrology
Experimental Results and Discussions
NANOMATERIALS FOR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES
Low-Temperature Fuel Cells
High-Temperature Fuel Cells
THE CONTRIBUTION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY TO HYDDROGEN PRODUCTION
Hydrogen Production by Semiconductor Nanomaterials
PART II: Efficient Energy Storage
NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE
Hydrogen Storage by Physisorption
Hydrogen Storage by Chemisorption
ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE: THE BENEFITS OF NANOMATERIALS
Nanomaterials for Energy Storage
Nanostructured Electrodes and Interfaces for the Electrochemical Storage of Energy
CARBON-BASED NANOMATERIALS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE
Nanotexture and Surface Functionality of sp2 Carbons
NANOMATERIALS FOR SUPERCONDUCTORS FROM THE ENERGY PERSPECTIVE
Overcoming Limitations to Superconductors' Performance
Flux Pinning by Nanoscale Defects
The Grain Boundary Problem
Anisotropic Current Properties
Enhancing Naturally Occurring Nanoscale Defects
Artificial Introduction of Flux Pinning Nanostructures
Control of Epitaxy-Enabling Atomic Sulfur Superstructure
PART III: Energy Sustainability
GREEN NANOFABRICATION: UNCONVENTIONAL APPROACHES FOR THE CONSERVATIVE USE OF ENERGY
Green Approaches to Nanofabrication
Future Directions: Toward "Zero-Cost" Fabrication
NANOCATALYSIS FOR FUEL PRODUCTION
Conversion of Syngas
Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS)
Nanocatalysis for Bioenergy
SURFACE-FUNCTIONALIZED NANOPOROUS CATALYSTS TOWARDS BIOFUEL APPLICATIONS
Immobilization Strategies of Single-Site Heterogeneous Catalysts
Design of More Efficient Heterogeneous Catalysts with Enhanced Reactivity and Selectivity
Other Heterogeneous Catalyst System on Non-Silica Support
NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE
CO2 Capture Processes
Nanotechnology for CO2 Capture
Porous Coordination Polymers for CO2 Capture
NANOSTRUCTURED ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES
Quantum Confinement and Charge Balance for OLEDs and PLEDs
Phosphorescent Materials for OLEDs and PLEDs
Multi-Photon Emission and tandem Structure for OLEDs and PLEDs
The Enhancement of Light Out-Coupling
Outlook for the Future of Nanostructured OLEDs and PLEDs
ELECTROCHROMIC MATERIALS AND DEVICES FOR ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS