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Nations and Nationalism



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Cornell Univ Pr
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This thoughtful and penetrating book, addressed to political scientists, sociologists, historians, and anthropologists, interprets nationalism in terms of its social roots, which it locates in industrial social organization. Professor Gellner asserts here that a society's affluence and economic growth depend on innovation, occupational mobility, the effectiveness of the mass media, universal literacy, and an all-embracing educational system based on a shared, standard idiom. These factors, taken together, govern the relationship between culture and the state. Political units that do not conform to the principle, "one state, one culture" feel the strain in the form of nationalistic activity.

Author Biography

Ernest Gellner taught at the LSE from 1949 until 1984, when he became William Wyse Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Cambridge. At the end of his life, in 1995, he was Director of the Centre for the Study of Nationalism, part of the Central European University. A full bibliography of his many publications can be found in this book. John Breuilly is Professor of Nationalism and Ethnicity at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Book publications include Austria, Prussia and Germany 1806-1871 (2002), Nationalismus and moderner Staat. Deutschland and Europa (1999), The Formation of the First German Nation-State, 1800-1871 (1996), and Nationalism and the State (second edition, 1993).

Table of Contents

About the Authorsp. vii
About this Editionp. viii
Editor's Preface to the First Edition R. I. Moore, Founding Editorp. ix
Acknowledgements for the First Editionp. xi
Introductionp. xiii
Definitionsp. 1
State and Nationp. 3
The Nationp. 5
Culture in Agrarian Societyp. 8
Power and Culture in the Agro-literate Polityp. 9
Culturep. 11
The State in Agrarian Societyp. 13
The Varieties of Agrarian Rulersp. 14
Industrial Societyp. 19
The Society of Perpetual Growthp. 23
Social Geneticsp. 29
The Age of Universal High Culturep. 34
The Transition to an Age of Nationalismp. 38
A Note on the Weakness of Nationalismp. 42
Wild and Garden Culturesp. 48
What is a Nation?p. 52
The Course of True Nationalism Never did Run Smoothp. 57
Social Entropy and Equality in Industrial Societyp. 62
Obstacles to Entropyp. 63
Fissures and Barriersp. 72
A Diversity of Focusp. 73
A Typology of Nationalismsp. 85
The Varieties of Nationalist Experiencep. 94
Diaspora Nationalismp. 98
The Future of Nationalismp. 106
Industrial Culture - One or Many?p. 110
Nationalism and Ideologyp. 118
Who is for Nuremberg?p. 125
One Nation, One Statep. 128
Conclusionp. 131
What is not being Saidp. 131
Summaryp. 133
Select Bibliographyp. 137
Bibliography of Ernest Gellner's Writings on Nationalismp. 142
Indexp. 148
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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