9780664257095

The Nature and Destiny of Man: A Christian Interpretation : Human Nature

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780664257095

  • ISBN10:

    0664257097

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1996-11-01
  • Publisher: Presbyterian Pub Corp
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Summary

The Nature and Destiny of Manissues a vigorous challenge to Western civilization to understand its roots in the faith of the Bible, particularly the Hebraic tradition. The growth, corruption, and purification of the important Western emphases on individuality are insightfully chronicled here. This book is arguably Reinhold Niebuhr's most important work. It offers a sustained articulation of Niebuhr's theological ethics and is considered a landmark in twentieth-century thought.The Library of Theological Ethics series focuses on what it means to think theologically and ethically. It presents a selection of important and otherwise unavailable texts in easily accessible form. Volumes in this series will enable sustained dialogue with predecessors though reflection on classic works in the field.

Table of Contents

Library of Theological Ethics General Editors' Introduction ix
Introduction xi
Robin W. Lovin
Preface to the 1964 Edition xxv
I. MAN AS A PROBLEM TO HIMSELF 1(25)
The Classical View of Man
4(8)
The Christian View of Man
12(6)
The Modern View of Man
18(8)
II. THE PROBLEM OF VITALITY AND FORM IN HUMAN NATURE 26(28)
The Rationalistic View of Human Nature
30(3)
The Romantic Protest Against Rationalism
33(6)
The Errors of Romanticism
39(15)
III. INDIVIDUALITY IN MODERN CULTURE 54(39)
The Christian Sense of Individuality
57(4)
The Idea of Individuality in the Renaissance
61(4)
Bourgeois Civilization and Individuality
65(3)
The Destruction of Individuality in Naturalism
68(6)
The Loss of the Self in Idealism
74(7)
The Loss of the Self in Romanticism
81(12)
IV. THE EASY CONSCIENCE OF MODERN MAN 93(30)
The Effort to Derive Evil from Specific Historical Sources
96(8)
Nature as a Source of Virtue
104(8)
The Optimism of Idealism
112(11)
V. THE RELEVANCE OF THE CHRISTIAN VIEW OF MAN 123(27)
Individual and General Revelation
125(6)
Creation as Revelation
131(5)
Historical and Special Revelation
136(14)
VI. MAN AS IMAGE OF GOD AND AS CREATURE 150(28)
Biblical Basis of the Doctrines
151(16)
The Doctrine of Man as Creature
167(11)
VII. MAN AS SINNER 178(30)
Temptation and Sin
179(7)
The Sin of Pride
186(17)
The Relation of Dishonesty to Pride
203(5)
VIII. MAN AS SINNER (Continued) 208(33)
The Equality of Sin and the Inequality of Guilt
219(9)
Sin as Sensuality
228(13)
IX. ORIGINAL SIN AND MAN'S RESPONSIBILITY 241(24)
Pelagian Doctrines
245(3)
Augustinian Doctrines
248(3)
Temptation and Inevitability of Sin
251(4)
Responsibility Despite Inevitability
255(5)
Literalistic Errors
260(5)
X. JUSTITIA ORIGINALIS 265(38)
Essential Nature and Original Righteousness
269(7)
The Locus of Original Righteousness
276(4)
The Content of Justitia Originalis as Law
280(16)
The Transcendent Character of Justitia Originalis
296(7)
Index of Scriptural Passages 303(1)
Index of Proper Names 303(1)
Index of Subjects 304(19)
Library of Theological Ethics General Editors' Introduction xi
Preface to the 1964 Edition xiii
I. HUMAN DESTINY AND HISTORY 1(34)
Where a Christ Is Not Expected
6(9)
History Reduced to Nature
7(4)
History Swallowed Up in Eternity
11(4)
Where a Christ Is Expected
15(20)
Types of Messianism
16(7)
Prophetic Messianism
23(12)
The Relation of Prophetism to Messianism
26(5)
The Failure of Messianism to Answer The Prophetic Problem
31(4)
II. THE DISCLOSURE AND THE FULFILLMENT OF THE MEANING OF LIFE AND HISTORY 35(33)
Jesus' Own Reinterpretation of Prophetic Messianism
38(14)
Jesus' Rejection of Hebraic Legalism
39(2)
Jesus' Rejection of Nationalistic Particularism
41(1)
Jesus' Rejection of the Answer of Hebraic Messianism for the Problem Presented by Prophetism
42(5)
Jesus' Reinterpretation of the Eschata
47(5)
The Acceptance by Christian Faith of the Expected and the Rejected Messiah
52(16)
Christ Crucified as the ``Wisdom of God and The Power of God''
54(3)
The Relation of the ``Wisdom of God'' to the ``Power of God''
57(5)
The Identity of Wisdom and Power
57(4)
The Difference Between Wisdom and Power
61(1)
The Foolishness of God and the Wisdom of Men
62(6)
III. THE POSSIBILITIES AND LIMITS OF HISTORY 68(30)
Sacrificial Love and the Sinlessness of Christ
70(6)
The Relation of Christ's Perfection to History
76(14)
The Perfection of Christ and Innocency
76(5)
The Perfection of Christ and Possibilities of History
81(9)
The Relation of Christ's Perfection to Eternity
90(5)
Summary
95(3)
IV. WISDOM, GRACE AND POWER (THE FULFILLMENT OF HISTORY) 98(29)
The Biblical Doctrine of Grace
100(7)
Grace as Power in, and as Mercy Towards, Man
107(20)
``I am Crucified with Christ''
108(2)
``Nevertheless I Live''
110(4)
``Yet not I: but Christ Liveth in Me''
114(13)
Grace as the Power not Our Own
115(4)
Grace as the Forgiveness of Our Sins
119(8)
V. THE CONFLICT BETWEEN GRACE AND PRIDE 127(30)
Pre-Augustinian Conceptions of Grace
129(5)
The Catholic Conception of Grace
134(14)
The Destruction of the Catholic Synthesis
148(9)
VI. THE DEBATE ON HUMAN DESTINY IN MODERN CULTURE: THE RENAISSANCE 157(27)
The Meaning of the Renaissance
160(9)
Sectarian Protestantism and the Renaissance
169(12)
The Triumph of the Renaissance
181(3)
VII. THE DEBATE ON HUMAN DESTINY IN MODERN CULTURE: THE REFORMATION 184(29)
The Lutheran Reformation
185(13)
The Calvinistic Reformation
198(6)
A Synthesis of Reformation and Renaissance
204(9)
VIII. HAVING, AND NOT HAVING, THE TRUTH 213(31)
The Problem of the Truth
214(6)
The Test of Tolerance
220(24)
Catholicism and Toleration
221(5)
The Reformation and Toleration
226(5)
The Renaissance and Toleration
231(13)
IX. THE KINGDOM OF GOD AND THE STRUGGLE FOR JUSTICE 244(43)
The Relation of Justice to Love
246(1)
Laws and Principles of Justice
247(9)
Structures of Justice
256(13)
The Unity of Vitality and Reason
258(2)
Types of Power in Social Life
260(5)
The Organization and Balance of Power
265(4)
The Christian Attitude to Government
269(15)
Justice and World Community
284(3)
X. THE END OF HISTORY 287(36)
The New Testament Ideas of the End
289(10)
The Parousia
290(1)
The Last Judgment
291(3)
The Resurrection
294(5)
The End and Meaning of History
299(2)
The Diversity and Unity of History
301(22)
The Rise and Fall of Cultures and Civilizations
302(6)
The Individual and History
308(5)
The Unity of History
313(10)
Index of Scriptural Passages 323(1)
Index of Proper Names 323(2)
Index of Subjects 325

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