9781107018778

Near-surface Applied Geophysics

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781107018778

  • ISBN10:

    1107018773

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 6/28/2013
  • Publisher: Cambridge Univ Pr
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Summary

Just a few meters below the Earth's surface lie features of great importance, from geological faults which can produce devastating earthquakes, to lost archaeological treasures! This refreshing, up-to-date book explores the foundations of interpretation theory and the latest developments in near-surface techniques, used to complement traditional geophysical methods for deep-exploration targets. Clear but rigorous, the book explains theory and practice in simple physical terms, supported by intermediate-level mathematics. Techniques covered include magnetics, resistivity, seismic reflection and refraction, surface waves, induced polarization, self-potential, electromagnetic induction, ground-penetrating radar, magnetic resonance, interferometry, seismoelectric and more. Sections on data analysis and inverse theory are provided and chapters are illustrated by case studies, giving students and professionals the tools to plan, conduct and analyze a near-surface geophysical survey. This is an important textbook for advanced-undergraduate and graduate students in geophysics and a valuable reference for practising geophysicists, geologists, hydrologists, archaeologists, and civil and geotechnical engineers.

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Data analysis
Magnetics
Electrical resistivity method
Induced polarization and self-potential
Seismic reflection and refraction
Seismic surface wave analysis
Electromagnetic induction
Ground-penetrating radar
Emerging techniques
Linear inversion
Nonlinear inversion: local methods
Nonlinear inversion: global methods
Shannon sampling theorem
Solution of Laplace's equation in spherical coordinates
The linear -p transformation of seismic data
Horizontal loop over a conducting halfspace
Radar TE waveguide mode equations
References
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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