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Neuroscience increasingly allows us to explain, predict, and even control aspects of human behavior. The ethical issues that arise from these developments extend beyond the boundaries of conventional bioethics into philosophy of mind, psychology, theology, public policy, and the law. This broader set of concerns is the subject matter of neuroethics. In this book, leading neuroscientist Martha Farah introduces the reader to the key issues of neuroethics, placing them in scientific and cultural context and presenting a carefully chosen set of essays, articles, and excerpts from longer works that explore specific problems in neuroethics from the perspectives of a diverse set of authors. Included are writings by such leading scientists, philosophers, and legal scholars as Carl Elliot, Joshua Greene, Steven Hyman, Peter Kramer, and Elizabeth Phelps. Topics include the ethical dilemmas of cognitive enhancement; issues of personality, memory and identity; the ability of brain imaging to both persuade and reveal; the legal implications of neuroscience; and the many ways in which neuroscience challenges our conception of what it means to be a person. Neuroethicsis an essential guide to the most intellectually challenging and socially significant issues at the interface of neuroscience and society. Farah's clear writing and well-chosen readings will be appreciated by scientist and humanist alike, and the inclusion of questions for discussion in each section makes the book suitable for classroom use. Contributors: Zenab Amin, Ofek Bar-Ilan, Richard G. Boire, Philip Campbell, Turhan Canli, Jonathan Cohen, Robert Cook-Degan, Lawrence H. Diller, Carl Elliott, Martha J. Farah, Rod Flower, Kenneth R. Foster, Howard Gardner, Michael Gazzaniga, Jeremy R. Gray, Henry Greely, Joshua Greene, John Harris, Andrea S. Heberlein, Steven E. Hyman, Judy Iles, Eric Kandel, Ronald C. Kessler, Patricia King, Adam J. Kolber, Peter D. Kramer, Daniel D. Langleben, Steven Laureys, Stephen J. Morse, Nancey Murphy, Eric Parens, Sidney Perkowitz, Elizabeth A. Phelps, President's Council on Bioethics, Eric Racine, Barbara Sahakian, Laura A. Thomas, Paul M. Thompson, Stacey A. Tovino, Paul Root Wolpe
Martha J. Farah is Walter H. Annenberg Professor of Natural Sciences in the Department of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, where she directs the Center for Neuroscience Society. She has worked on many topics within neuroscience, including vision, prefrontal function, emotion, and development. In her three decades of research she has witnessed the advent of functional neuroimaging, the burgeoning of cognitive neuroscience, and its expansion into the study of social and affective processes. She is now focusing her attention on the ethical, legal, and social implications of these developments.
Table of Contents
|Series Foreword||p. xi|
|Neuroethics: An Overview||p. 1|
|Better Brains||p. 11|
|Lifestyle Drugs: Pharmacology and the Social Agenda||p. 19|
|Neurocognitive Enhancement: What Can We Do and What Should We Do?||p. 30|
|The Run on Ritalin: Attention Deficit Disorder and Stimulant Treatment in the 1990s||p. 42|
|Beyond Therapy: Essential Sources of Concern President's Council on Bioethics||p. 58|
|Toward Responsible Use of Cognitive-Enhancing Drugs by the Healthy: Policy Suggestions||p. 73|
|Brain, Self, and Authenticity||p. 79|
|Memory Blunting: Ethical Analysis President's Council on Bioethics||p. 88|
|Ethical Implications of Memory Dampening||p. 97|
|Prozac as a Way of Life||p. 119|
|The Valorization of Sadness: Alienation and the Melancholic Temperament||p. 131|
|Brain Reading||p. 137|
|Neuroimaging of Emotion and Personality: Ethical Considerations||p. 147|
|Neurobiology of Intelligence: Science and Ethics||p. 155|
|Emerging Neurotechnologies for Lie Detection: Promises and Perils||p. 165|
|fMRI in the Public Eye||p. 185|
|Race, Behavior, and the Brain: The Role of Neuroimaging in Understanding Complex Social Behaviors||p. 191|
|Regulating Neuroimaging||p. 201|
|Neuroscience and Justice||p. 211|
|An Overview of the Impact of Neuroscience Evidence in Criminal Law President's Council on Bioethics Staff||p. 220|
|For the Law, Neuroscience Changes Nothing and Everything||p. 232|
|The Neurobiology of Addiction: Implications for the Voluntary Control of Behavior||p. 259|
|Brain Overclaim Syndrome and Criminal Responsibility: A Diagnostic Note||p. 268|
|State-Imposed Brain Intervention: The Case of Pharmacotherapy for Drug Abuse||p. 281|
|Brains and Persons||p. 295|
|Death, Unconsciousness, and the Brain||p. 302|
|Personhood: An Illusion Rooted in Brain Function?||p. 321|
|Animal Neuroethics and the Problem of Other Minds||p. 339|
|Digital People: Making Them and Using Them||p. 350|
|From Neurons to Politics-Without a Soul||p. 357|
|Name Index||p. 367|
|Subject Index||p. 377|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|