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Niebel's Methods, Standards, & Work Design,9780073376318
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Niebel's Methods, Standards, & Work Design

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Pub. Date:
McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math
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What version or edition is this?
This is the 12th edition with a publication date of 3/20/2008.
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This edition addresses the increasing global competition and the fact that every industry, business, and service organization is restructuring itself to operate more effectively. Cost-effectiveness and product reliability without excess capacity are the keys to successful activity in business, industry, and government. These keys are the end results of methods engineering.The 12th edition ofMethods, Standards, and Work Designwill provide practical, up-to-date descriptions of engineering methods to measure, analyze, and design manual work. The text emphasizes both the manual components and the cognitive aspects of work, recognizing the gradual decline of the manufacturing sector and the growth of the service sector. The importance of ergonomics and work design as part of methods engineering emphasizes not only increased productivity, but also to improve worker health and safety, and thus, company bottom-line costs. In the twenty-first century it is essential that the industrial engineer consider both productivity issues and their efforts on the health and safety of the worker. This comprehensive text addresses this need by integrating the traditional elements of motion and time study along with the human factors and ergonomics and safety engineering.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. x
Methods, Standards, and Work Design: Introductionp. 1
Productivity Importancep. 1
Methods and Standards Scopep. 4
Historical Developmentsp. 9
Summaryp. 16
Questionsp. 18
Referencesp. 18
Websitesp. 19
Problem-Solving Toolsp. 21
Exploratory Toolsp. 22
Recording and Analysis Toolsp. 29
Quantitative Tools, Worker and Machine Relationshipsp. 41
Summaryp. 63
Questionsp. 64
Problemsp. 65
Referencesp. 69
Selected Softwarep. 70
Operation Analysisp. 71
Operation Purposep. 74
Part Designp. 75
Tolerances and Specificationsp. 78
Materialp. 81
Manufacture Sequence and Processp. 86
Setup and Toolsp. 93
Material Handlingp. 98
Plant Layoutp. 108
Work Designp. 116
Summaryp. 118
Questionsp. 118
Problemsp. 121
Referencesp. 122
Selected Softwarep. 123
Selected Videotapes/DVDsp. 123
Manual Work Designp. 125
The Musculoskeletal Systemp. 126
Principles of Work Design: Human Capabilities and Motion Economyp. 128
Motion Studyp. 145
Manual Work and Design Guidelinesp. 150
Summaryp. 171
Questionsp. 171
Problemsp. 172
Referencesp. 173
Selected Softwarep. 175
Websitesp. 175
Workplace, Equipment, and Tool Designp. 177
Anthropometry and Designp. 177
Principles of Work Design: The Workplacep. 181
Principles of Work Design: Machines and Equipmentp. 195
Cumulative Trauma Disordersp. 202
Principles of Work Design: Toolsp. 207
Summaryp. 220
Questionsp. 222
Problemsp. 223
Referencesp. 226
Selected Softwarep. 228
Websitesp. 229
Work Environment Designp. 231
Illuminationp. 231
Noisep. 240
Temperaturep. 249
Ventilationp. 254
Vibrationp. 255
Radiationp. 259
Shiftwork and Working Hoursp. 260
Summaryp. 266
Questionsp. 267
Problemsp. 269
Referencesp. 270
Selected Softwarep. 272
Websitesp. 272
Design of Cognitive Workp. 273
Information Theoryp. 273
Human Information Processing Modelp. 275
Coding of Information: General Design Principlesp. 293
Display of Visual Information: Specific Design Principlesp. 297
Display of Auditory Information: Specific Design Principlesp. 302
Human-Computer Interaction: Hardware Considerationsp. 303
Human-Computer Interaction: Software Considerationsp. 307
Summaryp. 309
Questionsp. 310
Problemsp. 310
Referencesp. 315
Selected Softwarep. 317
Websitesp. 317
Workplace and Systems Safetyp. 319
Basic Philosophies of Accident Causation and Preventionp. 320
Accident Prevention Processp. 327
Probability Methodsp. 335
Reliabilityp. 338
Fault Tree Analysisp. 344
Safety Legislation and Workers' Compensationp. 351
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)p. 354
Hazard Controlp. 361
General Housekeepingp. 363
Summaryp. 366
Questionsp. 367
Problemsp. 367
Referencesp. 370
Websitesp. 370
Proposed Method Implementationp. 371
Decision-Making Toolsp. 372
Installationp. 386
Job Evaluationp. 389
Americans with Disabilities Actp. 396
Follow-upp. 397
Successful Methods Implementationsp. 398
Summaryp. 400
Questionsp. 400
Problemsp. 401
Referencesp. 402
Selected Softwarep. 403
Time Studyp. 405
A Fair Day's Workp. 406
Time Study Requirementsp. 406
Time Study Equipmentp. 408
Time Study Elementsp. 414
Start of Studyp. 416
Execution of Studyp. 424
Calculating the Studyp. 426
The Standard Timep. 428
Summaryp. 433
Questionsp. 434
Problemsp. 435
Referencesp. 437
Selected Softwarep. 437
Selected Videotapesp. 438
Performance Rating and Allowancesp. 439
Standard Performancep. 440
Sound Rating Characteristicsp. 441
Rating Methodsp. 442
Rating Application and Analysisp. 447
Rating Trainingp. 450
Allowancesp. 452
Constant Allowancesp. 454
Variable Fatigue Allowancesp. 455
Special Allowancesp. 466
Applying Allowancesp. 469
Summaryp. 470
Questionsp. 470
Problemsp. 472
Referencesp. 473
Selected Softwarep. 475
Selected Videotapesp. 475
Standard Data and Formulasp. 477
Standard Time Data Developmentp. 478
Formula Construction from Empirical Datap. 481
Analytical Formulasp. 487
Using Standard Datap. 492
Summaryp. 492
Questionsp. 494
Problemsp. 494
Referencesp. 497
Selected Softwarep. 497
Predetermined Time Systemsp. 499
Methods-Time Measurementp. 500
Maynard Operation Sequence Technique (MOST)p. 524
Predetermined Time Applicationp. 534
Summaryp. 539
Questionsp. 540
Problemsp. 540
Referencesp. 542
Selected Softwarep. 543
Work Samplingp. 545
The Theory of Work Samplingp. 546
Selling Work Samplingp. 551
Planning the Work Sampling Studyp. 552
Recording Observationsp. 560
Machine and Operator Utilizationp. 561
Determining Allowancesp. 564
Determining Standard Timep. 564
Self-Observationp. 567
Work Sampling Softwarep. 569
Summaryp. 571
Questionsp. 572
Problemsp. 572
Referencesp. 574
Selected Softwarep. 575
Selected Videotapesp. 575
Indirect and Expense Labor Standardsp. 577
Indirect and Expense Work Standardsp. 578
Standard Indirect and Expense Labor Datap. 592
Professional Performance Standardsp. 594
Summaryp. 598
Questionsp. 600
Problemsp. 600
Referencesp. 601
Standards Follow-up and Usesp. 603
Maintaining Standard Timesp. 604
Using Standardsp. 606
Costingp. 614
Summaryp. 621
Questionsp. 621
Problemsp. 621
Referencesp. 622
Wage Paymentp. 623
Day Work Plansp. 624
Flexible Compensation Plansp. 624
Implementing Wage Incentivesp. 635
Nonfinancial Performance Motivation Plansp. 640
Summaryp. 641
Questionsp. 642
Problemsp. 643
Referencesp. 645
Selected Softwarep. 645
Training and Other Management Practicesp. 647
Operator Trainingp. 648
The Learning Curvep. 649
Employees and Motivationp. 654
Human Interactionsp. 659
Communicationsp. 663
Modern Management Practicesp. 668
Summaryp. 672
Questionsp. 672
Problemsp. 673
Referencesp. 674
Selected Softwarep. 675
Glossaryp. 677
Helpful Formulasp. 696
Special Tablesp. 698
Indexp. 711
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