9780470742747

Nuclear and Particle Physics : An Introduction

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780470742747

  • ISBN10:

    0470742747

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-03-16
  • Publisher: WILEY
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Summary

An accessible introduction to nuclear and particle physics with equal coverage of both topics, this text covers all the standard topics in particle and nuclear physics thoroughly and provides a few extras, including chapters on experimental methods; applications of nuclear physics including fission, fusion and biomedical applications; and unsolved problems for the future. It includes basic concepts and theory combined with current and future applications. An excellent resource for physics and astronomy undergraduates in higher-level courses, this text also serves well as a general reference for graduate studies.

Table of Contents

Preface to Second Edition
Notes
Basic Concepts
History
Relativity and Antiparticles
Space-Time Symmetries and Conservation Laws
Interactions and Feynman Diagrams
Particle Exchange: Forces and Potentials
Observable Quantities: Cross-sections and Decay Rates
Units: Length, Mass and Energy
Problems
Nuclear Phenomenology
Mass Spectroscopy
Nuclear Shapes and Sizes
Semi-Empirical Mass Formula: the Liquid Drop Model
Nuclear Instability
Radioactive Decay
+&Decay Phenomenology
Fission
+&Decays
Nuclear Reactions
Problems
Particle Phenomenology
Leptons
Quarks
Hadrons
Problems
Experimental Methods
Overview
Accelerators and Beams
Particle Interactions with Matter
Particle Detectors
Multi-Component Detector Systems
Problems
Quark Dynamics: The Strong Interaction
Colour
Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD)
Heavy Quark Bound States
The Strong Coupling Constant and Asymptotic Freedom
Quark-Gluon Plasma
Jets and Gluons
Colour Counting
Deep Inelastic Scattering and Nucleon Structure
Problems
Weak Interactions And Electroweak Unification
Charged and Neutral Currents
Symmetries of the Weak Interaction
Spin Structure of the Weak Interactions
W-& and Z 0 Bosons
Weak Interactions of Hadrons: Charged Currents
Meson Decays and CP Violation
Neutral Currents and the Unified Theory
Problems
Models And Theories Of Nuclear Physics
The Nucleon-Nucleon Potential
Fermi Gas Model
Shell Model
Non-Spherical Nuclei
Summary of Nuclear Structure Models
+&-Decay
+&-Decay
+&-Emission and Internal Conversion
Problems
Applications Of Nuclear Physics
Fission
Fusion
Nuclear Weapons
Biomedical applications
Problems
Outstanding Questions and Future Prospects
Overview
Hadrons and Nuclei
The Origin of Mass: the Higgs Boson
The Nature of the Neutrino
Beyond the Standard Model: Unification Schemes
Particle Astrophysics
Nuclear Medicine
Power Production and Nuclear Waste
Some Results In Quantum Mechanics
Barrier Penetration
Density of States
Perturbation Theory and the Second Golden Rule
Isospin Formalism
Isospin operators and quark states
Hadron states
Relativistic Kinematics
Lorentz Transformations and Four-Vectors
Frames of Reference
Invariants
Problems B
Rutherford Scattering
Classical Physics
Quantum Mechanics
Problems C
Gauge Theories
Gauge Invariance and the Standard Model
Electromagnetism and the gauge principle
The standard model
Particle Masses and the Higgs Field
Data
Physical Constants and Conversion Factors
Tables of Particle Properties
Gauge bosons
Leptons
Quarks
Baryons
Mesons
Tables of Nuclear Properties
Properties of naturally occurring isotopes
The periodic table
Solutions To Problems
References
Bibliography
In
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