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Nursing Research Principles and Methods,9780781737333
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Nursing Research Principles and Methods

by ;
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780781737333

ISBN10:
0781737338
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
6/11/2003
Publisher(s):
LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS

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Summary

This graduate level nursing research textbook continues the expansion of coverage on qualitative research, including important issues for specific qualitative traditions such as grounded theory, phenomenology and ethnography. Developing solid evidence for practice will be emphasized throughout the text, and important evaluative concepts like reliability, validity, and trustworthiness will be introduced. Other new features include stronger international content (with an emphasis on Canadian and Australian research), inclusion of "tips" in boxes located in appropriate places throughout the chapters, and the use of summary bullet points. This edition will now offer a free Connection Website, connection.LWW.com/go/polit.

Table of Contents

PART 1 Foundations of Nursing Research 1(62)
Chapter 1 Introduction to Nursing Research
3(23)
Nursing Research in Perspective
3(2)
Nursing Research: Past, Present, and Future
5(6)
Sources of Evidence for Nursing Practice
11(2)
Paradigms for Nursing Research
13(5)
The Purposes of Nursing Research
18(3)
Research Examples
21(1)
Summary Points
22(4)
Chapter 2 Key Concepts and Terms in Qualitative and Quantitative Research
26(20)
The Faces and Places of Research
26(3)
The Building Blocks of a Study
29(6)
Key Challenges of Conducting Research
35(6)
Research Examples
41(1)
Summary Points
42(4)
Chapter 3 Overview of the Research Process in Qualitative and Quantitative Studies
46(17)
Major Classes of Quantitative and Qualitative Research
46(1)
Major Steps in a Quantitative Study
47(8)
Activities in a Qualitative Study
55(3)
Research Examples
58(2)
Summary Points
60(3)
PART 2 Conceptualizing a Research Study 63(76)
Chapter 4 Research Problems, Research Questions, and Hypotheses
65(23)
Overview of Research Problems
65(2)
Sources of Research Problems
67(2)
Development and Refinement of Research Problems
69(4)
Communicating the Research Problem
73(4)
Research Hypotheses
77(7)
Research Examples
84(1)
Summary Points
85(3)
Chapter 5 Reviewing the Literature
88(26)
Purposes of a Literature Review
88(1)
Scope of a Literature Search
89(2)
Locating Relevant Literature for a Research Review
91(5)
Reading Research Reports
96(7)
Preparing a Written Literature Review
103(6)
Research Examples of Research Literature Reviews
109(2)
Summary points
111(3)
Chapter 6 Developing a Conceptual Context
114(25)
Theories, Models, and Frameworks
114(5)
The Nature of Theories and Conceptual Models
119(1)
Conceptual Models Used in Nursing Research
120(5)
Testing, Using, and Developing a Theory or Framework
125(8)
Research Examples
133(1)
Summary Points
134(5)
PART 3 Designs for Nursing Research 139(176)
Chapter 7 Designing Ethical Research
141(21)
The Need for Ethical Guidelines
141(2)
The Principle of Beneficence
143(4)
The Principle of Respect for Human Dignity
147(2)
The Principle of Justice
149(1)
Informed Consent
150(4)
Vulnerable Subjects
154(2)
External Reviews and the Protection of Human Rights
156(1)
Building Ethics into the Design of the Study
157(1)
Research Examples
158(1)
Summary Points
159(3)
Chapter 8 Designing Quantitative Studies
162(39)
Aspects of Quantitative
Research Design
162(2)
Overview of Research Design Types
164(4)
Experiments
168(13)
Quasi-Experiments
181(7)
Nonexperimental Research
188(7)
Designs and Research Evidence
195(1)
Summary Points
196(5)
Chapter 9 Enhancing Rigor in Quantitative Research
201(22)
Controlling the Research Situation
201(2)
Controlling Intrinsic Subject Factors
203(6)
Characteristics of Good Design
209(10)
Research Example
219(1)
Summary Points
220(3)
Chapter 10 Quantitative Research for Various Purposes
223(22)
Studies That Are Typically Experimental or Quasi-Experimental
223(7)
Studies That Can Be Either Experimental or Nonexperimental
230(4)
Studies That Are Typically Nonexperimental
234(5)
Research Examples of Various Types of Quantitative Studies
239(1)
Summary Points
240(5)
Chapter 11 Qualitative Research Design and Approaches
245(28)
The Design of Qualitative Studies
245(3)
Qualitative Research Traditions
248(11)
Other Types of Qualitative Research
259(4)
Research With Ideological Perspectives
263(3)
Research Examples
266(2)
Summary Points
268(5)
Chapter 12 Integration of Qualitative and Quantitative Designs
273(16)
Rationale for Multimethod Research
273(2)
Applications of Multimethod Research
275(4)
Multimethod Research Designs
279(1)
Strategies for Multimethod Research
280(3)
Obstacles to Multimethod Research
283(1)
Research Examples
284(2)
Summary Points
286(3)
Chapter 13 Sampling Designs
289(26)
Basic Sampling Concepts in Quantitative Studies
289(3)
Nonprobability Sampling
292(3)
Probability Sampling
295(5)
Sample Size in Quantitative Studies
300(3)
Implementing a Sampling Plan in Quantitative Studies
303(2)
Sampling in Qualitative Research
305(5)
Research Examples
310(1)
Summary Points
311(4)
PART 4 Measurement and Data Collection 315(134)
Chapter 14 Designing and Implementing a Data Collection Plan
317(23)
Existing Data Versus Original Data
317(1)
Dimensions of Data Collection Approaches
318(1)
Major Types of Data Collection Methods
319(3)
Converting Quantitative and Qualitative Data
322(1)
Developing a Data Collection Plan in a Quantitative Study
323(7)
Implementing a Data Collection Plan in a Quantitative Study
330(2)
Data Collection Issues in Qualitative Studies
332(4)
Research Examples
336(1)
Summary Points
337(3)
Chapter 15 Collecting Self-Report Data
340(35)
Qualitative Self-Report Techniques
340(9)
Quantitative Self-Report Instruments
349(3)
Using and Preparing Structured Self-Report Instruments
352(13)
Administering Structured Self-Report Instruments
365(3)
Research Examples
368(1)
Summary Points
369(6)
Chapter 16 Collecting Observational Data
375(23)
Observational Issues
375(3)
Qualitative Observational Methods: Participant Observation
378(7)
Observational Methods: Structured Observations
385(5)
Mechanical Aids in Observations
390(1)
Observer Biases
391(1)
Research Examples
392(1)
Summary Points
393(5)
Chapter 17 Collecting Biophysiologic and Other Data
398(15)
Biophysiologic Measures
398(4)
Records, Documents, and Available Data
402(1)
Q Methodology
403(2)
Projective Techniques
405(2)
Vignettes
407(1)
Cognitive and Neuropsychological Tests
408(1)
Examples of Studies Using Alternative Data Collection Methods
409(1)
Summary Points
410(3)
Chapter 18 Assessing Data Quality
413(36)
Measurement
413(3)
Reliability of Measuring Instruments
416(6)
Validity
422(6)
Other Criteria for Assessing Quantitative Measures
428(2)
Assessment of Qualitative Data and Their Interpretation
430(7)
Research Examples
437(6)
Summary Points
443(6)
PART 5 The Analysis of Research Data 449(150)
Chapter 19 Analyzing Quantitative Data: Descriptive Statistics
451(26)
Levels of Measurement
451(4)
Frequency Distributions
455(4)
Central Tendency
459(1)
Variability
460(5)
Bivariate Descriptive Statistics: Contingency Tables and Correlation
465(4)
The Computer and Descriptive Statistics
469(4)
Research Example
473(2)
Summary Points
475(2)
Chapter 20 Analyzing Quantitative Data: Inferential Statistics
477(34)
Sampling Distributions
477(2)
Estimation of Parameters
479(1)
Hypothesis Testing
480(6)
Testing Differences Between Two Group Means
486(3)
Testing Differences Between Three or More Group Means
489(4)
Testing Differences in Proportions
493(1)
Testing Relationships Between Two Variables
494(1)
Power Analysis
495(7)
The Computer and Inferential Statistics
502(3)
Guide to Bivariate Statistical Tests
505(2)
Research Example
507(1)
Summary Points
507(4)
Chapter 21 Analyzing Quantitative Data: Multivariate Statistics
511(36)
Simple Linear Regression
511(3)
Multiple Linear Regression
514(7)
Analysis of Covariance
521(5)
Factor Analysis
526(4)
Other Least-Squares Multivariate Techniques
530(2)
Causal Modeling
532(4)
Other Multivariate Statistical Procedures
536(2)
The Computer and Multivariate Statistics
538(2)
Guide to Multivariate Statistical Tests
540(3)
Research Example
543(1)
Summary Points
543(4)
Chapter 22 Designing and Implementing a Quantitative Analysis Strategy
547(23)
Phases in the Analysis of Quantitative Data
547(1)
Preanalysis Phase
547(6)
Preliminary Assessments and Actions
553(7)
Principal Analyses
560(2)
Interpretation of Results
562(4)
Research Example
566(2)
Summary Points
568(2)
Chapter 23 Analyzing Qualitative Data
570(29)
Introduction to Qualitative Analysis
570(2)
Qualitative Data Management and Organization
572(6)
Analytic Procedures
578(13)
Interpretation of Qualitative Findings
591(1)
Research Examples
592(2)
Summary Points
594(5)
PART 6 Communicating Research 599(52)
Chapter 24 Summarizing and Sharing Research Findings
601(28)
Getting Started on Dissemination
601(3)
Content of Research Reports
604(13)
The Style of Research Reports
617(1)
Types of Research Reports
618(8)
Summary Points
626(3)
Chapter 25 Writing a Research Proposal
629(22)
Overview of Research Proposals
629(6)
Proposals for Theses and Dissertations
635(2)
Funding for Research Proposals
637(2)
Grant Applications to the National Institutes of Health
639(8)
Research Examples
647(1)
Summary Points
648(3)
PART 7 Using Research Results 651(54)
Chapter 26 Evaluating Research Reports
653(18)
The Research of Critique
653(1)
Elements of a Research Critique
654(12)
Conclusion
666(1)
Research Examples
667(2)
Summary Points
669(2)
Chapter 27 Utilizing Research: Putting Research Evidence Into Nursing Practice
671(34)
Research Utilization Versus Evidence-Based Practice
671(6)
Barriers to Using Research in Nursing Practice
677(4)
The Process of Using Research in Nursing Practice
681(9)
Research Integration and Synthesis
690(6)
Research Example
696(1)
Summary Points
697(8)
Appendix : Statistical Tables 705(6)
Glossary 711(26)
Index 737


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