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Nutrition Therapy And Pathophysiology

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780534621544

ISBN10:
0534621546
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
9/22/2006
Publisher(s):
Brooks Cole
List Price: $259.66

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Summary

What's the role of nutrition therapy in the healthcare system and the nutrition care process? UNDERSTANDING NUTRITION THERAPY AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY focuses on nutrition therapy, diet therapy and pathophysiology topics and offers practical advice,and helps with major terms and topics. You'll prepare for your future career as you develop an understanding of nutrition therapy for each body system.

Table of Contents

PART 1
Health Care Systems and Reimbursement
1(28)
Introduction
1(3)
Health Care Facilities in the United States
4(1)
Preventive and Primary Health Care Services
4(1)
Secondary and Tertiary Care
5(1)
Restorative Care
5(1)
Long-Term Care
5(1)
Financing the Health Care Industry
5(1)
Private Insurance
6(1)
Traditional Fee-for-Service Plans
6(1)
Group Contract Insurance
6(1)
Public Insurance
7(6)
The Medicare Program
9(3)
The Medicaid Program
12(1)
The State Children's Health Insurance Program
12(1)
The Uninsured
13(1)
Demographic Trends and Health Care
14(1)
The Need for Health Care Reform
15(9)
The High Cost of Health Care
15(1)
Efforts at Cost Containment
15(3)
Equity and Access as Issues in Health Care
18(1)
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health
18(6)
Health Care Reform in the United States
24(2)
Nutrition as a Component of Health Care Reform
24(1)
The Cost-Effectiveness of Nutrition Services
25(1)
Conclusion
26(3)
The Role of the Dietitian in the Health Care System
29(10)
Introduction
29(1)
The Registered Dietitian in Clinical Practice
30(1)
The Role of the Clinical Dietitian
30(1)
The Clinical Nutrition Team
30(1)
Other Health Professionals---Interdisciplinary Teams
30(1)
Members of the Health Care Team
31(2)
Developing Critical Thinking Skills and Professional Competencies
33(1)
Definition of Critical Thinking
33(1)
Components of Critical Thinking
34(3)
Specific Knowledge Base
34(1)
Experience
34(1)
Competencies
34(2)
Attitudes
36(1)
Standards
36(1)
Levels of Clinical Reasoning
37(1)
Conclusion
37(2)
PART 2
The Nutrition Care Process
39(26)
Introduction
39(1)
Framework for Nutrition Care: Evaluation of Nutritional Status
39(2)
Key Concepts: Nutritional Status
41(1)
Purpose of Providing Nutrition Care
41(1)
Key concepts: Nutrition Care
41(1)
ADA's Standardized Nutrition Care Process (NCP) and Model Promotes High-Quality, Individualized Nutrition Care
42(1)
Brief History of ADA's NCP
42(2)
Standardized Nutrition Diagnostic Language
42(2)
Improved Quality of Care
44(1)
Critical Thinking
45(1)
Key Concepts: ADA's Standardized Nutrition Care Process
45(1)
Big Picture of Nutrition Care: The Model
46(1)
Central Core
46(1)
Two Outer Rings
47(1)
Supportive Systems: Screening and Referral System and Outcomes Management System
47(1)
Key Concepts: Nutrition Care Process and Model
48(1)
Steps of the NCP
48(1)
Step 1 Nutrition Assessment
48(1)
Obtain and Verify Appropriate Data
48(1)
Cluster and Organize Assessment Data
48(1)
Evaluate the Data Using Reliable Standards
49(1)
Key Concepts: NCP Step 1 Nutrition Assessment
49(1)
Step 2 Nutrition Diagnosis
49(9)
Example of Nutrition Diagnoses
55(1)
Criteria for Evaluating PES Statements
56(1)
Relationship of Nutrition Diagnosis to the Other Steps of the NCP
56(2)
Key Concepts: NCP Step 2 Nutrition Diagnosis
58(1)
Step 3 Nutrition Intervention
58(1)
Sub-Step 3a: Plan
58(1)
Sub-Step 3b: Implement the Nutrition Intervention
59(1)
Key Concepts: NCP Step 3 Nutrition Intervention
59(1)
Step 4 Nutrition Monitoring and Evaluation
59(3)
Sub-Step 4a: Monitor Progress
59(1)
Sub-Step 4b: Measure Outcomes
60(1)
Sub-Step 4c: Evaluate Outcomes
61(1)
Key Concepts: NCP Step 4 Nutrition Monitoring and Evaluation
61(1)
Documentation
62(1)
Conclusion
63(2)
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
65(36)
Introduction
65(1)
Who Chooses CAM?
66(1)
CAM Rationale
67(4)
Biomedical Response
71(2)
Alternative Medical Systems
73(1)
Ayurvedic Medicine
73(1)
Chiropractic Medicine
74(1)
Homeopathic Medicine
74(3)
Naturopathic Medicine
77(1)
Osteopathic Medicine
77(1)
Traditional Chinese Medicine/Acupuncture
78(1)
Complementary Therapies
79(1)
Chelation Therapy
79(1)
Folk Healing
79(5)
Natural Products
84(7)
Dietary Therapies
91(1)
Vitamin/Mineral Supplements and Megavitamin Therapy
92(1)
Mind-Body Therapies
92(3)
Medical Pluralism in Practice
95(1)
Conclusion
95(6)
Assessment of Nutrition Status and Risk
101(36)
Introduction
101(1)
Nutritional Status and Nutritional Risk
102(1)
An Overview: Nutrition Assessment and Screening
102(1)
Subjective and Objective Data Collection
103(2)
Dietary Information
103(1)
Psychosocial Information
104(1)
Information Regarding Education, Learning and Motivation
105(1)
Tools for Data Collection
105(3)
Dietary Assessment Methods
108(1)
Twenty-Four-Hour Recall
108(1)
Food Record/Food Diary
108(1)
Food Frequency
109(3)
Observation of Food Intake/``Calorie Count''
112(1)
Analysis of Food Intake
112(1)
Analysis Based on USDA's MyPyramid
112(1)
Analysis Based on Exchanges/Carbohydrate Counting
112(1)
Specific Nutrient Analysis
112(1)
Computerized Dietary Analysis
112(1)
Evaluation and Interpretation of Dietary Analysis Information
112(1)
USDA's MyPyramid
112(1)
U.S. Dietary Guidelines for Americans
113(1)
Daily Values/Dietary Reference Intakes
113(1)
Nutritional Physical Examination
114(1)
Anthropometric/Body Composition Assessment
114(1)
Anthropometrics
114(2)
Height/Stature
114(1)
Weight
115(1)
Interpretation of Height and Weight: Infants and Children
116(1)
Growth Charts
116(1)
Body Mass Index
116(1)
Interpretation of Height and Weight: Adults
116(1)
Usual Body Weight
116(1)
Percent Usual Body Weight and Percent Weight Change
116(1)
Desirable or ``Ideal'' Body Weight
116(1)
Healthy Body Weight
117(1)
Body Mass Index (BMI)
117(1)
Frame Size
117(1)
Waist-Hip Ratio and Waist Circumference
117(1)
Body Composition
117(3)
Skinfold Measurements
118(1)
Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA)
119(1)
Hydrodensitometry -- Underwater Weighing
120(1)
Near Infrared Interactance (NIR)
120(1)
Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DEXA)
120(1)
Biochemical Assessment
120(1)
Protein Assessment
121(4)
Somatic Protein Assessment
121(1)
Visceral Protein Assessment
122(3)
Immunocompetence
125(1)
Delayed Cutaneous Hypersensitivity (DCH)
125(1)
Total Lymphocyte Count (TLC)
125(1)
Hematological Assessment
126(1)
Hemoglobin (Hgb)
126(1)
Hematocrit (Hct)
126(1)
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)
126(1)
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH)
126(1)
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC)
126(1)
Ferritin
126(1)
Transferrin Saturation
126(1)
Protoporphyrin
126(1)
Serum Folate
126(1)
Serum B12
126(1)
Vitamin and Mineral Assessment
127(1)
Other Labs for with Clinical Significance
127(1)
Functional Assessment
127(1)
Energy and Protein Requirements
128(2)
Measurement of Energy Requirements
130(1)
Measurement of Protein Requirements
131(1)
Estimation of Energy Requirements
131(2)
Energy Requirements Based on DRI
131(1)
Activity Factor
132(1)
Stress Factors
132(1)
Estimation of Protein Requirements
133(1)
RDA for Protein
133(1)
Protein Requirements in Metabolic Stress, Trauma, and Disease
133(1)
Protein-Kilocalorie Ratio
133(1)
Interpretation of Assessment Data
133(1)
Conclusion
133(4)
Documentation
137(12)
An Overview: Writing in the Profession
137(1)
The Functions, Context, Parts, and Processes of Writing
137(2)
Rhetorical Norms
138(1)
Levels of Discourse
138(1)
Steps in the Writing Process
138(1)
Charting: Documentation of the Nutrition Care Process
139(1)
Standardized Language and Medical Abbreviations
140(1)
Medical Records
140(1)
Organization of Nutrition Documentation
140(5)
SOAP
140(2)
IER Notes
142(1)
Focus Notes
143(1)
PIE Notes
143(1)
PES, or Problem, Etiology, Signs/Symptoms Statements
143(1)
Assessment, Diagnosis, Intervention, Monitoring/Evaluation (ADIM)
144(1)
Charting by Exception
145(1)
Keeping a Personal Medical Notebook
145(1)
Guidelines for All Charting
145(2)
Confidentiality
146(1)
Writing for Nonmedical Audiences
147(1)
Instructional Materials for Patients, their Families, and the Public
147(1)
Tips for Writing Instructional Materials
147(1)
Reporting Your Own Research
147(1)
Conclusions: Your Ethos---Establishing Expertise
147(2)
Methods of Nutrition Support
149(32)
Introduction and Overview
149(1)
Oral Diets
149(1)
Texture Modifications
150(1)
Oral Supplements
151(2)
Appetite Stimulants
153(1)
Specialized Nutrition Support (SNS)
153(1)
Enteral Nutrition
154(13)
Indications
154(1)
Gastrointestinal Access
154(3)
Formulas
157(4)
Feeding Techniques
161(1)
Equipment
161(1)
Putting It All Together: Determination of the Nutrition Prescription
161(3)
Complications
164(1)
Monitoring for Complications
165(2)
Parenteral Nutrition
167(9)
Indications
167(1)
Venous Access
167(2)
Solutions
169(3)
Putting It All Together: Determination of the Nutrition Prescription
172(1)
Administration Techniques
172(1)
Patient Monitoring
172(1)
Complications
172(4)
Conclusion
176(5)
PART 3
Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
181(22)
Introduction
181(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of Fluids and Electrolytes
181(1)
Total Body Water
181(1)
Fluid Compartments
182(1)
Movement of Fluid between Blood and Interstitial Spaces
182(1)
Movement between Extracellular Fluid and Intracellular Fluid
182(1)
Total Body Water Balance
183(2)
Fluid Intake
183(1)
Fluid Output
184(1)
Fluid Requirements
185(1)
Body Solutes
185(1)
Types of Solutes
185(1)
Distribution of Electrolytes
186(1)
Movement of Solutes
186(1)
Electrolyte Requirements
186(1)
Physiological Regulation of Fluid and Electrolytes
187(1)
Thirst Mechanism
187(1)
Renal Function
187(1)
Hormonal Influence: Renin-Angiotension-Aldosterone System (RAAS)
187(1)
Electrolyte Regulation
187(1)
Sodium
187(1)
Potassium
187(1)
Calcium and Phosphorus
187(1)
Disorders of Fluid Balance
188(1)
Alterations in Volume
189(3)
Hypovolemia
189(2)
Hypervolemia
191(1)
Alterations in Osmolality
192(1)
Sodium Imbalances
192(2)
Hyponatremia
192(2)
Hypernatremia
194(1)
Potassium Imbalances
194(1)
Hypokalemia
194(1)
Hyperkalemia
195(1)
Calcium Imbalance
195(1)
Hypocalcemia
196(1)
Hypercalcemia
196(1)
Phosphorus Imbalance
196(1)
Hypophosphatemia
196(1)
Hyperphosphatemia
197(1)
Magnesium Imbalances
197(1)
Hypomagnesemia
197(1)
Hypermagnesemia
197(1)
Conclusion
198(5)
Acid-Base Balance
203(16)
Introduction
203(1)
Acids
203(1)
Bases
204(1)
Buffers
204(1)
pH
204(1)
Terms Describing pH
205(1)
Regulation of Acid-Base Balance
205(1)
Chemical Buffering
205(1)
Other Chemical Buffer Systems
206(1)
Respiratory Regulatory Control
206(1)
Renal Regulatory Control
207(1)
Other Renal Regulatory Controls
207(1)
Effect of Acid and Base on Electrolyte Balance
208(1)
Assessment of Acid-Base Balance
208(1)
Acid-Base Disorders
208(1)
Respiratory Acidosis
209(2)
Etiology
210(1)
Pathophysiology
210(1)
Clinical Manifestations
210(1)
Treatment
210(1)
Respiratory Alkalosis
211(1)
Etiology
211(1)
Pathophysiology
211(1)
Clinical Manifestations
211(1)
Treatment
211(1)
Metabolic Acidosis
211(2)
Etiology
212(1)
Pathophysiology
212(1)
Clinical Manifestations
213(1)
Treatment
213(1)
Metabolic Alkalosis
213(1)
Etiology
213(1)
Pathophysiology
214(1)
Clinical Manifestations
214(1)
Treatment
214(1)
Mixed Acid-Base Disorders
214(1)
Assessment of Acid-Base Disorders
214(1)
Summary
215(4)
Cellular and Physiological Response to Injury
219(18)
Introduction
219(1)
Defining Disease and Pathophysiology
219(1)
Disease Process: Epidemiology, Etiology, Pathogenesis, Clinical Manifestations, Outcome
219(1)
Cellular Injury
220(1)
Mechanisms of Cellular Injury
221(1)
Cellular Response to Injury
221(10)
Cellular Accumulations
221(1)
Cellular Alterations in Size and Number
222(1)
Cellular Injury from Infection
223(3)
Cellular Response to Injury: Inflammation
226(4)
Cellular Death
230(1)
Conclusion
231(6)
Nutrigenomics
237(22)
Introduction
237(4)
An Overview of the Structure and Function of Genetic Material
241(1)
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) and Genome Structure
241(1)
Translating the Message from DNA to Protein
242(3)
The Genetic Code
242(1)
Intervening Sequences
243(1)
Transcription and Translation
243(2)
Genetic Variation
245(3)
Inheritance
245(2)
Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms
247(1)
Other Polymorphisms
248(1)
Epigenetic Regulation
248(2)
DNA Methylation
248(1)
Histone Modification
249(1)
The Epigenotype
249(1)
Dietary Regulation and Measurement of Gene Expression
250(1)
Dietary Components Influence Gene Expression
250(1)
Measuring Gene Expression
251(1)
Nutrigenomics in Disease
251(1)
Cancer
251(2)
From Single Gene Inherited Cancers to Gene-Nutrient Interactions
251(1)
Variations in Xenobiotic Metabolism Influence Risk
251(1)
MTHFR and ADH Polymorphisms Interact with Dietary Folate and Alcohol
252(1)
Fruits and Vegetables
252(1)
Obesity and Diabetes
253(2)
Obesity
253(1)
Developmental Origins of Adult Disease
254(1)
Diabetes
254(1)
Cardiovascular Disease
255(1)
Individual Variation in Response to Environmental Influences
255(1)
Dietary Modification is Effective in Monogenic Disease
256(1)
Dietary Fats Interact with Various Genotypes to Influence Outcomes
256(1)
Nutrigenomics and the Practice of Dietetics
256(1)
Individual Testing in the Marketplace
257(1)
Evolving Knowledge and Practice Requirements for Dietitians
257(1)
Conclusion
257(2)
Immunology
259(38)
Introduction to Immunology
259(1)
Natural Resistance
260(1)
Antigens: The Key to Recognizing Pathogens and Altered Cells
261(1)
Antigens and Immunogens
261(1)
Characteristics of an Antigen
262(1)
Immune System Overview
262(1)
Functions and Requirements of the Immune System
262(1)
Divisions of the Immune System
262(1)
Humoral and Cellular
262(1)
Specific and Nonspecific
263(1)
Active and Passive
263(1)
Cells of the Immune System
263(1)
Origin of Cells of the Immune System
263(1)
Cells Derived from the Myeloid Stem Cell
264(4)
Monocytes and Macrophages
264(3)
Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes
267(1)
Other Cells
267(1)
Cells Derived from the Lymphoid Stem Cell
268(1)
T Cells
268(1)
B Cells
269(1)
Natural Killer Cells
269(1)
Organs of the Immune System
269(1)
Central Lymphoid Organs
269(1)
Peripheral (Secondary) Lymphoid Organs
269(1)
Soluble Mediators
270(1)
Complement
271(1)
Cytokines
271(1)
Antigen Recognition Molecules
272(1)
Major Histocompatibility Complex
272(1)
Antibody
273(1)
B Cell Receptor
274(1)
T Cell Receptor
274(1)
Interaction between the T Cell Receptor and the MHC Antigens
274(1)
Immune Response: Attacking Pathogens
274(1)
Modes of Attack
275(1)
Phagocytosis
275(1)
Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity
275(1)
Antibodies
276(1)
Inflammation
276(1)
Progression of the Immune Response: Putting the Parts Together
276(2)
The Primary Response
276(2)
The Secondary Response
278(1)
Immunity to Infection: Attacking Specific Types of Pathogens
278(1)
Bacteria
278(1)
Viruses
278(1)
Protozoans
278(1)
Helminths
278(1)
Attacking Altered and Foreign Cells: Tumors and Transplants
278(1)
Tumor Immunology
278(1)
Immunological Approaches to Cancer Therapy
279(1)
Transplantation Immunology
279(2)
Transplant Rejection
280(1)
Matching
280(1)
Immunosuppression
281(1)
Transplantation of Specific Organs and Tissues
281(1)
Immunization
281(1)
Passive Immunization
281(1)
Active Immunization
281(1)
Types of Vaccines
282(1)
Immunodeficiency
282(1)
Malnutrition and Immunodeficiency
283(1)
Inherited Immunodeficiencies
283(1)
Acquired Immunodeficiencies
284(1)
Tolerance
284(1)
Auto Tolerance
284(1)
Induced Tolerance
284(1)
Central Tolerance
284(1)
Peripheral Tolerance
285(1)
Attack on Harmless Antigens: When the Immunological System Causes Harm
285(1)
Hypersensitivity
285(5)
Classifications of Allergic Reactions
285(1)
Type I or IgE Allergies
285(5)
Type II Allergic Responses
290(1)
Type III Allergies: Immune Complexes
290(1)
Type IV Allergic Reaction: Delayed Hypersensitivity
290(1)
Autoimmunity
290(2)
Induction of Autoimmune Disease
292(1)
How Autoimmune Diseases Cause Damage
292(1)
Conclusion
293(4)
Pharmacology
297(26)
Introduction to Pharmacology
297(4)
Role of Nutrition Therapy in Pharmacotherapy
301(1)
Drug Mechanisms
301(1)
Administration of Drugs
302(1)
Pharmacokinetics: Absorption of Drugs
303(1)
Pharmacokinetics: Distribution of Drugs
303(1)
Pharmacokinetics: Metabolism of Drugs
303(1)
Pharmacokinetics: Excretion of Drugs
304(1)
Alterations in Drug Pharmacokinetics
304(1)
Altered Gl Absorption
304(1)
Altered Distribution
305(1)
Altered Metabolism
305(1)
Altered Urinary Excretion
305(1)
How Do Food and Drugs Interact?
305(1)
Effect of Nutrition on Drug Action
306(1)
Effect of Nutrition on Drug Dissolution
306(1)
Effect of Nutrition on Drug Absorption
306(1)
Effect of Nutrition on Drug Metabolism
306(1)
Effect of Nutrition on Drug Excretion
307(1)
Nutritional Complications Secondary to Pharmacotherapy
307(2)
Drug Consequence: Effect on Nutrient Ingestion
307(1)
Drug Consequence: Effect on Nutrient Absorption
307(2)
Drug Consequence: Effect on Nutrient Metabolism
309(1)
Drug Consequence: Effect on Nutrient Excretion
309(1)
At-Risk Populations
309(2)
Drug-Nutrient Interactions in the Elderly
309(1)
Drug-Nutrient Interactions in HIV and AIDS
309(1)
Drug-Nutrient Interactions in Nutrition Support
310(1)
Nutrition Therapy
311(1)
Nutrition Implications
311(1)
Nutrition Interventions
311(1)
Conclusion
312(11)
PART 4
Energy Balance and Body Weight
323(48)
Introduction
323(1)
Energy Balance
324(1)
Energy Intake
324(1)
Energy Expenditure
324(2)
Resting Energy Expenditure
325(1)
Thermic Effect of Food
325(1)
Physical Activity Energy Expenditure
326(1)
Estimating Energy Requirements
326(4)
Equations
326(3)
Indirect Calorimetry
329(1)
Doubly Labeled Water
330(1)
Direct Calorimetry
330(1)
Regulation of Energy Balance
330(1)
The Adipocyte and Adipose Tissue
331(1)
Body Composition, Obesity, and Overweight
332(1)
Body Fat Distribution
333(2)
Epidemiology of Overweight and Obesity
335(1)
Overweight and Obesity in the United States
335(2)
Overweight and Obesity in Canada
337(1)
Overweight and Obesityin Europe
338(1)
Effects of Race, Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Age
339(2)
Adverse Health Consequences of Overweight and Obesity
341(1)
Etiology of Obesity
342(1)
Medical Disorders and Medical Treatments
342(1)
Genetics and Body Weight
343(2)
Obesigenic Environment
345(2)
Energy Expenditure
347(1)
Treatment of Overweight and Obesity
348(1)
Assessment
348(1)
Management
349(6)
Nutrition Therapy
350(2)
Physical Activity
352(1)
Behavior Therapy
352(1)
Pharmacologic Treatment
352(2)
Surgery
354(1)
Eating Disorders
355(2)
Etiology of Eating Disorders
357(1)
Anorexia Nervosa
358(2)
Health Complications of Anorexia Nervosa
358(2)
Bulimia Nervosa
360(1)
Health Complications of Bulimia Nervosa
361(1)
Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified
361(1)
Nutrition Therapy for Eating Disorders
362(2)
Nutrition Therapy for Anorexia Nervosa
362(1)
Nutrition Therapy for Bulimia Nervosa
363(1)
Nutrition Therapy for Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified
364(1)
Conclusion
364(7)
Diseases of the Cardiovascular System
371(50)
Introduction
371(1)
Anatomy and Physiology of the Cardiovascular System
371(1)
The Heart
371(2)
Electrical Activity of the Heart
372(1)
Cardiac Cycle
373(1)
Cardiac Function
373(1)
Regulation of Blood Pressure
374(2)
Hypertension
376(1)
Epidemiology
376(1)
Etiology
376(1)
Pathophysiology
377(1)
Treatment
378(1)
Nutrition Therapy
378(5)
Nutrition Implications
378(1)
Nutrition Interventions
378(1)
Weight Loss
378(2)
Sodium
380(3)
Developing the Nutrition Therapy Prescription
383(1)
Atherosclerosis
383(1)
Definition
383(2)
Epidemiology
385(1)
Etiology
386(5)
Family History
386(1)
Age and Sex
386(1)
Obesity
387(1)
Dyslipidemia
387(1)
Hypertension
388(1)
Physical Inactivity
389(1)
Atherogenic Diet
389(1)
Diabetes Mellitus
389(1)
Impaired Fasting Glucose and Metabolic Syndrome
390(1)
Cigarette Smoke
391(1)
Pathophysiology
391(1)
Clinical Manifestations
392(1)
Treatment
392(1)
Nutrition Therapy
392(9)
Nutrition Implications
392(2)
Nutrition Interventions
394(7)
Ischemic Heart Disease
401(1)
Definition
401(1)
Epidemiology
402(1)
Etiology
403(1)
Pathophysiology
403(3)
Clinical Manifestations
406(1)
Diagnosis
406(1)
Treatment
406(1)
Nutrition Therapy
407(1)
Nutrition Implications
407(1)
Nutrition Interventions
407(1)
Peripheral Arterial Disease
408(1)
Definition
408(1)
Epidemiology
408(1)
Pathophysiology
408(1)
Clinical Manifestations and Diagnosis
409(1)
Heart Failure
410(1)
Definition
410(1)
Epidemiology
410(1)
Etiology
410(1)
Pathophysiology
410(3)
Clinical Manifestations
413(1)
Treatment
414(1)
Nutrition Therapy
414(1)
Nutrition Implications
414(1)
Nutrition Interventions
414(1)
Conclusion
415(6)
Diseases of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
421(36)
Introduction
421(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
421(1)
Motility, Secretion, Digestion and Absorption
422(1)
Anatomy and Physiology of the Oral Cavity
423(1)
Oral Cavity Motility
423(1)
Oral Cavity Secretions
423(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Esophagus
423(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Stomach
424(4)
Gastric Motility
424(1)
Gastric Secretions
424(3)
Gastric Digestion and Absorption
427(1)
Pathophysiology of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
428(1)
Pathophysiology of the Oral Cavity
428(2)
Oral Disease
428(2)
Surgical Procedures for the Oral Cavity
430(1)
Impaired Taste: Dysgeusia/Ageusia
430(1)
Nutrition Therapy for Pathophysiology of the Oral Cavity
430(1)
Nutritional Implications
430(1)
Nutrition Intervention
431(2)
Evaluation and Monitoring
431(2)
Pathophysiology of the Esophagus
433(1)
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
433(2)
Barrett's Esophagus -- A Complication of GERD
435(1)
Nutrition Therapy - Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
436(1)
Nutrition Implications
436(1)
Assessment
436(1)
Nutrition Interventions
436(1)
Dysphagia
436(1)
Nutrition Therapy for Dysphagia
437(4)
Monitoring and Evaluation
441(1)
Achalasia
441(1)
Nutrition Therapy for Achalasia
442(1)
Hiatal Hernia
442(1)
Pathophysiology of the Stomach
442(1)
Indigestion
442(1)
Nausea and Vomiting
442(2)
Nutrition Therapy for Nausea and Vomiting
444(1)
Gastritis
445(1)
Peptic Ulcer Disease
445(2)
Nutrition Therapy for PUD
447(1)
Evaluation
448(1)
Gastric Surgery
448(1)
Vagotomy
448(1)
Gastroduodenostomy (Billroth I); Gastrojejunostomy (Billroth II); Roux-en-Y Procedure
448(1)
Nutrition Therapy for Gastric Surgery
448(2)
Dumping Syndrome
448(2)
Other Conditions of Gastric Pathophysiology
450(1)
Stress Ulcers
450(1)
Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome
451(1)
Conclusion
451(6)
Diseases of the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
457(52)
Introduction
457(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
457(1)
Small Intestine Anatomy
457(1)
Small Intestine Motility
458(1)
Small Intestine Secretions
459(1)
Small Intestine Digestion
460(1)
Small Intestine Absorption
460(1)
Large Intestine Anatomy
460(3)
Large Intestine Motility
463(1)
Large Intestine Secretions
463(1)
Large Intestine Digestion and Absorption
463(3)
Pathophysiology of the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
466(1)
Diarrhea
467(7)
Definition
467(1)
Epidemiology
467(1)
Etiology
467(5)
Clinical Manifestations
472(1)
Diagnosis
472(1)
Treatment
472(1)
Nutrition Therapy
472(2)
Constipation
474(3)
Definition
474(1)
Epidemiology
475(1)
Etiology
475(1)
Diagnosis
475(1)
Treatment
475(1)
Nutrition Therapy
476(1)
Malabsorption
477(4)
Definition
477(1)
Etiology
477(1)
Pathophysiology
477(3)
Treatment
480(1)
Nutrition Therapy
480(1)
Celiac Disease
481(3)
Definition
481(1)
Epidemiology
481(1)
Etiology
482(1)
Pathophysiology
482(1)
Clinical Manifestations
482(1)
Diagnosis
482(1)
Prognosis and Treatment
482(1)
Nutrition Therapy
483(1)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
484(4)
Definition
484(1)
Epidemiology
485(1)
Etiology
485(1)
Pathophysiology
485(1)
Clinical Manifestations
485(1)
Treatment
485(1)
Nutrition Therapy
486(2)
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
488(8)
Definition
488(1)
Epidemiology
488(1)
Etiology
489(1)
Pathophysiology
490(1)
Clinical Manifestations
490(2)
Treatment
492(2)
Nutrition Therapy
494(2)
Diverticulosis/Diverticulitis
496(2)
Definition
496(1)
Epidemiology
496(1)
Etiology
496(1)
Pathophysiology
496(1)
Clinical Manifestations
497(1)
Treatment
497(1)
Nutrition Therapy
497(1)
Common Surgical Interventions for the Lower GI Tract
498(1)
Ileostomy and Colostomy
498(1)
Short Bowel Syndrome
499(4)
Definition
499(1)
Epidemiology
499(1)
Etiology
499(1)
Pathophysiology
499(1)
Treatment
500(1)
Nutrition Therapy
500(3)
Bacterial Overgrowth
503(1)
Definition
503(1)
Pathophysiology
503(1)
Clinical Manifestations
503(1)
Treatment
503(1)
Nutrition Therapy
503(1)
Conclusion
503(6)
Diseases of the Hepatobiliary: Liver, Gallbladder, Exocrine Pancreas
509(40)
Introduction
509(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Liver
509(1)
Anatomy
509(3)
Functions of the Liver
512(1)
Bile
512(1)
Enterohepatic Circulation
512(1)
Jaundice
513(1)
Pertinent Laboratory Values and Procedures
513(1)
Use of Tests
514(1)
Pathophysiology of the Liver
514(1)
Alcoholism and Malnutrition
514(11)
Diagnosis and Epidemiology of Chronic Alcoholism
514(2)
Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
516(1)
Metabolism of Alcohol
516(1)
Fatty Liver
517(1)
Mechanisms of Malabsorption in the Alcoholic
518(1)
Nutrition Implications of Alcoholism
519(6)
Hepatitis
525(1)
Definition and Epidemiology
525(1)
Clinical Manifestations
525(1)
Nutrition Therapy
525(1)
Alcoholic Hepatitis
526(1)
Treatment and Nutrition Therapy
526(1)
Cirrhosis
526(7)
Definition
526(1)
Etiology
526(1)
Clinical Manifestations
526(1)
Complications
527(6)
Liver Transplant
533(1)
Nutrition Therapy
533(1)
Cystic Fibrosis-Associated Liver Disease (CFALD)
533(2)
Epidemiology
533(1)
Etiology
533(1)
Clinical Manifestations and Treatment
533(1)
Nutrition Therapy
534(1)
The Gallbladder
535(1)
Normal Function of the Gallbladder
535(1)
Cholelithiasis (Gallstones)
535(4)
Epidemiology
535(1)
Etiology
536(1)
Complications
536(1)
Roentgenography of the Biliary System
536(1)
Treatment
537(1)
Nutrition Therapy
537(2)
The Pancreas
539(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Pancreas
539(1)
Pancreatitis
539(4)
Definition and Clinical Manifestations
539(1)
Etiology and Pathogenesis
539(1)
Nutrition Therapy
540(3)
Conclusion
543(6)
Diseases of the Endocrine System
549(60)
Introduction
549(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Endocrine System
550(1)
Classification of Hormones
550(3)
Endocrine Function
553(6)
Pituitary Gland
553(1)
Thyroid Gland
553(1)
Adrenal Glands
553(1)
Endocrine Pancreas
554(5)
Endocrine Control of Energy Metabolism
559(1)
Endocrine Disorders
559(5)
Thyroid Disorders
564(6)
Hypothyroidism
564(2)
Hyperthyroidism
566(4)
Diabetes Mellitus
570(1)
Definition
570(1)
Management
570(1)
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
570(21)
Epidemiology
572(1)
Etiology
572(3)
Pathophysiology and Clinical Manifestations
575(2)
Diagnosis
577(1)
Laboratory Measurements
577(3)
Treatment
580(7)
Nutrition Therapy
587(4)
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
591(6)
Epidemiology
591(1)
Etiology
591(1)
Pathophysiology
591(2)
Clinical Manifestations
593(1)
Treatment
593(3)
Nutrition Therapy
596(1)
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
597(4)
Definition
597(1)
Epidemiology
597(1)
Etiology
597(1)
Pathophysiology
597(1)
Clinical Manifestations
597(1)
Diagnosis
598(1)
Treatment
598(3)
Nutrition Therapy
601(1)
Hypoglycemia
601(3)
Definition
601(1)
Etiology
601(1)
Pathophysiology
602(1)
Clinical Manifestations
603(1)
Treatment
603(1)
Nutrition Therapy
603(1)
Conclusion
604(5)
Diseases of the Renal System
609(42)
Introduction
609(1)
The Kidneys
609(1)
Normal Anatomy
609(2)
Normal Physiology
611(1)
Diagnostic Procedures
612(1)
Nephrotic Syndrome
613(1)
Definition
613(1)
Epidemiology
614(1)
Etiology
614(1)
Clinical Manifestations
614(1)
Treatment
615(1)
Nutrition Therapy
615(1)
Chronic Kidney Disease
615(1)
Definition
616(1)
Epidemiology
617(1)
Etiology
617(1)
Pathophysiology
617(2)
Treatment
619(4)
Nutrition Therapy
623(15)
CKD Stages 1 and 2
623(1)
CKD Stages 3 and 4
624(1)
Evaluation/Outcome Measurement
625(1)
CKD Stage 5
625(13)
Nutrition Therapy for Comorbid Conditions and Complications
638(1)
Cardiovascular Disease
638(1)
Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT)
638
Anemia
637(2)
Medicare Coverage for Medical Nutrition Therapy
639(1)
Nutritional Requirements of the Post Transplant Patient
640(3)
Acute Renal Failure
643(1)
Definition
643(1)
Epidemiology and Etiology
643(1)
Pathophysiology
643(1)
Clinical Manifestations
643(1)
Treatment
644(1)
Nutrition Therapy
644(1)
Nephrolithiasis
645(1)
Definition
645(1)
Epidemiology
645(1)
Treatment
645(1)
Nutrition Therapy
646(1)
Conclusion
646(5)
Diseases of the Hematological System
651(36)
The Hematological System
651(1)
Blood Composition
652(1)
Anatomy and Physiology of the Hematological Systems
652(1)
The Cells of the Hematological Systems
652(1)
The Development of the Hematological Cells
653(4)
Hemoglobin
655(2)
Homeostatic Control of the Hematological Systems
657(1)
Blood Clotting
657(1)
Factors Affecting Hemostasis
658(1)
Summary
658(1)
Nutritional Anemias
658(1)
Microcytic Anemias: Iron Deficiency and Functional Anemia
659(11)
Definition
659(2)
Epidemiology
661(1)
Etiology
661(1)
Pathophysiology
662(4)
Clinical Manifestations
666(1)
Treatment
667(1)
Nutrition Therapy
668(2)
Megaloblastic Anemias
670(4)
Definition
670(1)
Epidemiology
670(1)
Etiology
670(2)
Pathophysiology
672(1)
Clinical Manifestations
672(1)
Treatment
673(1)
Nutrition Therapy
673(1)
Hemochromatosis
674(1)
Definition
674(1)
Epidemiology
674(1)
Etiology
674(1)
Pathophysiology
675(1)
Clinical Manifestations
675(1)
Treatment
675(1)
Nutrition Therapy
675(1)
Nutrition Implications
675(1)
Nutrition Interventions
675(1)
Hemoglobinopathies: Non-Nutritional Anemias
676(1)
Sickle Cell Anemia
676(1)
Nutrition Therapy
676(1)
Thalassemia
676(1)
Nutrition Therapy
676(1)
Polycythemia
676(2)
Nutrition Therapy
676(2)
Hemolytic Anemia
678(1)
Nutrition Therapy
678(1)
Anemia of Prematurity
678(1)
Nutrition Therapy
678(1)
Aplastic Anemia
678(1)
Nutrition Therapy
678(1)
Other Rare Anemias
678(1)
Nutritional Implications of Non-Nutritional Anemias
678(1)
Nutritional Interventions for Non-Nutritional Anemias
678(1)
Clotting and Bleeding Disorders
679(1)
Hemophilia
679(1)
Nutrition Therapy
679(1)
Hemorrhagic Disease of the Newborn
679(1)
Nutrition Therapy
679(1)
Thrombosis
679(1)
Nutrition Therapy
679(1)
Diseases Involving WBC Types and Bone Marrow Failure Requiring Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT)
679(1)
Definition
679(2)
Epidemiology
681(1)
Etiology
681(1)
Pathophysiology
681(1)
Clinical Manifestations
681(1)
Treatment
681(1)
Nutrition Therapy
682(1)
Nutrition Implications
682(1)
Nutrition Interventions
682(1)
Summary
683(4)
Diseases of the Neurological System
687(28)
Introduction
687(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System
687(2)
Central Nervous System (CNS)
689(1)
Neurological Disorders
690(1)
Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders
691(3)
Stroke and Aneurysm
694(3)
Progressive Neurological Disorders
697(1)
Parkinson's Disease
698(3)
Definition
698(1)
Epidemiology
698(1)
Etiology
699(1)
Pathophysiology
699(1)
Clinical Manifestations
699(1)
Diagnosis
699(1)
Treatment
699(1)
Nutrition Therapy
700(1)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
701(1)
Definition
701(1)
Epidemiology
701(1)
Etiology
701(1)
Pathophysiology
701(1)
Clinical Manifestations
702(1)
Treatment
702(1)
Nutrition Therapy
702(1)
Guillain-Barre
702(1)
Definition
702(1)
Epidemiology
702(1)
Etiology
702(1)
Pathophysiology
702(1)
Clinical Manifestations
702(1)
Treatment
702(1)
Nutrition Therapy
702(1)
Myasthenia Gravis
703(1)
Definition
703(1)
Epidemiology
703(1)
Etiology
703(1)
Pathophysiology
703(1)
Clinical Manifestations
703(1)
Treatment
703(1)
Nutrition Therapy
703(1)
Multiple Sclerosis
703(2)
Definition
703(1)
Epidemiology
703(1)
Etiology
703(1)
Pathophysiology
704(1)
Clinical Manifestations
704(1)
Treatment
704(1)
Nutrition Therapy
704(1)
Alzheimer's Disease and Other Forms of Dementia
705(2)
Definition
705(1)
Epidemiology
705(1)
Etiology
705(1)
Pathophysiology
706(1)
Clinical Manifestations
707(1)
Treatment
707(1)
Nutrition Therapy
707(1)
Neurotrauma and Spinal Cord Injury
707(1)
Traumatic Brain Injury
707(3)
Definition
709(1)
Epidemiology
709(1)
Etiology
709(1)
Pathophysiology
709(1)
Clinical Manifestations
709(1)
Treatment
709(1)
Nutrition Therapy
709(1)
Spinal Cord Injury
710(1)
Definition
710(1)
Epidemiology
710(1)
Etiology
710(1)
Pathophysiology
710(1)
Treatment
710(1)
Nutrition Therapy
711(1)
Conclusion
711(4)
Diseases of the Respiratory System
715(36)
Introduction
715(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System
715(2)
Measures of Pulmonary Function
717(2)
Nutrition and Pulmonary Health
719(1)
Asthma
720(1)
Definition
720(1)
Epidemiology
720(1)
Etiology
720(1)
Pathophysiology
720(1)
Clinical Manifestations
721(1)
Treatment
721(1)
Nutrition Therapy
721(1)
Nutrition Implications
721(1)
Nutrition Interventions
722(1)
Brochopulmonary Dysplasia
722(1)
Definition
722(1)
Etiology
722(1)
Treatment
723(1)
Nutrition Therapy
723(2)
Nutrition Implications
723(1)
Nutrition Interventions
723(2)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
725(1)
Definition
725(1)
Epidemiology
726(1)
Etiology
726(1)
Pathophysiology: Chronic Bronchitis
726(1)
Clinical Manifestations: Chronic Bronchitis
726(1)
Pathophysiology: Emphysema
727(1)
Clinical Manifestations: Emphysema
727(1)
Treatment
727(1)
Nutrition Therapy
727(4)
Energy and Macronutrient Needs
729(1)
Vitamins and Minerals
729(1)
Feeding Strategies
730(1)
Cystic Fibrosis
731(1)
Definition
731(1)
Epidemiology
731(1)
Etiology
732(1)
Pathophysiology
732(1)
Nutrition Therapy
732(5)
Nutrition Implications
732(1)
Nutrition Interventions
733(4)
Pneumonia
737(1)
Definition
737(1)
Epidemiology
737(1)
Etiology
737(1)
Nutrition Implications
737(1)
Aspiration Pneumonia
737(2)
Patients with Tracheostomies
739(1)
Respiratory Failure
740(1)
Definition
740(1)
Nutrition Therapy
741(2)
Nutrition Implications
741(1)
Nutrition Interventions
741(2)
Transplantation
743(1)
Definition and Epidemiology
743(1)
Pathophysiology
743(1)
Nutrition Therapy
744(1)
Upper Respiratory Infection
744(1)
Definition and Epidemiology
744(1)
Pathophysiology
744(1)
Clinical Manifestations
745(1)
Nutrition Implications
745(1)
Conclusion
745(6)
Neoplastic Disease
751(34)
Introduction
751(1)
Definition
751(1)
Epidemiology
752(1)
Etiology
752(2)
Cancer Screening and Prevention
754(1)
Pathophysiology
754(2)
Diagnosis
756(2)
Clinical Manifestations
758(1)
Treatment
758(1)
Surgery
759(3)
Cancer Diagnoses Requiring Surgery for Treatment
759(3)
Chemotherapy
762(1)
Radiation
763(2)
Other Therapies
765(1)
Nutrition Therapy
766(1)
Nutrition Implications
766(2)
Cachexia
766(1)
Abnormalities in Carbohydrate, Protein and Lipid Metabolism
767(1)
Nutritional Implications of Cancer Treatment
767(1)
Nutrition Interventions
768(11)
Nutrition Assessment
768(2)
Determining Nutrient Requirements
770(1)
Nausea and Vomiting
771(2)
Early Satiety
773(1)
Mucositis
774(1)
Diarrhea
775(1)
Dysguesia
776(1)
Xerostomia
776(1)
Anorexia
777(1)
Nutrition Support
778(1)
Home Nutrition Support
779(1)
Conclusion
779(6)
Metabolic Stress
785(20)
Introduction
785(1)
Physiological Response to Starvation
785(1)
Physiological Response to Stress
786(1)
Definition
786(1)
Epidemiology
787(1)
Etiology
787(1)
Clinical Manifestations
787(1)
Pathophysiology
788(1)
Nutrition Therapy
789(5)
Nutrition Assessment
789(1)
Nutrition Interventions
790(4)
Burns
794(1)
Definition
794(1)
Epidemiology
794(1)
Etiology
794(1)
Clinical Manifestations
794(1)
Pathophysiology
795(1)
Treatment
795(1)
Nutrition Therapy
795(2)
Nutrition Implications
795(1)
Nutrition Assessment
796(1)
Nutrition Interventions
796(1)
Surgery
797(1)
Definition
797(1)
Epidemiology
797(1)
Etiology
797(1)
Clinical Manifestations
797(2)
Nutrition Therapy
799(1)
Nutrition Implications
799(1)
Nutrition Interventions
799(1)
Sepsis, Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), and Multi-organ Distress Syndrome (MODS)
799(1)
Definition
799(1)
Epidemiology
799(1)
Etiology
799(2)
Clinical Manifestations
801(1)
Pathophysiology
801(1)
Treatment
801(1)
Nutrition Therapy
801(1)
Nutrition Implications
801(1)
Summary
801(4)
HIV and AIDS
805(38)
Introduction and Epidemiology
805(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Immune System
806(1)
Etiology
807(1)
Pathophysiology
807(2)
Diagnosis
809(3)
Clinical Manifestations
812(2)
Treatment
814(1)
Anti-HIV Therapies
814(2)
Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Disease
816(1)
Nutrition Therapy
816(1)
Nutrition Implications
817(1)
Nutrition Assessment
818(10)
Physical Assessment
818(4)
Biochemical Assessment
822(6)
Medical History Assessment
828(1)
Dietary Evaluation
828(1)
Nutrition Interventions
828(8)
Macronutrient Therapy
830(1)
Micronutrient Therapy
831(3)
Non-Nutrient Therapy for Nutritional Status Maintenance
834(2)
Nutrition Care Plan
836(2)
Implementation
837(1)
Evaluation/Outcome Measurement
837(1)
Conclusion
838(5)
Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System
843(38)
Introduction
843(1)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Skeletal System
843(1)
Cartilage
844(1)
Bone
844(4)
The Cells of Osseous Tissue
845(1)
Skeletal Growth and Development
845(1)
Cortical and Trabecular Bone
846(2)
Hormonal Control of Bone Metabolism
848(1)
Osteoporosis
849(2)
Diagnosis
851(1)
Epidemiology
852(1)
Health and Economic Impact of Fractures
853(1)
Etiology
854(1)
Prevention
855(6)
Calcium
855(3)
Vitamin D
858(1)
Physical Activity
859(1)
Cigarette Smoking
859(1)
Alcohol
860(1)
Other Nutrients and Food Components
860(1)
Medical Management
861(1)
Pharmacologic Prevention and Treatment
861(1)
Paget Disease
862(1)
Rickets and Osteomalacia
863(1)
Rickets
863(1)
Epidemiology, Etiology, and Clinical Manifestations
863(1)
Prevention
863(1)
Treatment
864(1)
Osteomalacia
864(1)
Etiology and Clinical Manifestations
864(1)
Treatment
864(1)
Arthritic Conditions
865(1)
Definition and Epidemiology
865(1)
Osteoarthritis
865(2)
Epidemiology, Etiology, and Clinical Manifestations
865(1)
Treatment
866(1)
Rheumatoid Arthritis
867(3)
Epidemiology, Etiology, and Clinical Manifestations
867(1)
Treatment
868(1)
Diet and Rheumatoid Arthritis
868(2)
Gout
870(1)
Epidemiology and Etiology
870(1)
Clinical Manifestations
870(1)
Treatment
870(1)
Fibromyalgia
870(1)
Definition and Epidemiology
870(1)
Etiology
871(1)
Diagnosis and Clinical Manifestations
871(1)
Treatment
871(2)
Diet and Fibromyalgia
873(1)
Conclusion
873(8)
Metabolic Disorders
881
Introduction and Definition
881(1)
History
881(1)
Epidemiology and Inheritance
882(1)
Pathophysiology of Impaired Metabolism
882(1)
Diagnosis / Newborn Screening
883(1)
Clinical Manifestations
883(2)
Treatment
885(1)
Acute Therapy
885(1)
Chronic Therapy
885(1)
Restriction of Precursors
885(1)
Replacement of the End Products
885(1)
Providing Alternate Substrates for Metabolism
885(1)
Use of Scavenger Drugs to Remove Toxic By-Products
885(1)
Supplementation of Vitamins or Other Cofactors
885(1)
Amino Acid Disorders
886(1)
Epidemiology, Etiology and Clinical Manifestations
886(1)
Phenylketonuria
886(1)
Nutrition Interventions
887(3)
Nutritional Concerns
890(2)
Adjunct Therapies
892(1)
Urea Cycle Disorders
892(1)
Epidemiology, Etiology and Clinical Manifestations
892(2)
Acute Treatment
894(1)
Nutrition Interventions
894(1)
Nutritional Concerns
895(1)
Adjunct Therapies
895(1)
Mitochondrial Disorders
896(1)
Etiology and Clinical Manifestations
896(1)
Nutrition Interventions
897(1)
Adjunct Therapies
897(1)
Disorders Related to Vitamin Metabolism
897(1)
Etiology and Clinical Manifestations
897(1)
Nutrition Interventions
897(1)
Nutritional Concerns
898(1)
Disorders of Carbohydrate Metabolism
898(1)
Galactosemia
899(2)
Epidemiology, Etiology and Clinical Manifestations
899(1)
Nutrition Interventions
900(1)
Nutritional Concerns
900(1)
Adjunct Therapies
901(1)
Hereditary Fructose Intolerance
901(1)
Etiology and Clinical Manifestations
901(1)
Nutrition Interventions
902(1)
Nutritional Concerns
902(1)
Adjunct Therapies
902(1)
Glycogen Storage Diseases
902(3)
Epidemiology, Etiology and Clinical Manifestations
902(2)
Nutrition Interventions
904(1)
Nutritional Concerns
905(1)
Adjunct Therapies
905(1)
Disorders of Fat Metabolism
905(1)
Etiology and Clinical Manifestations
905(2)
Nutrition Interventions
907(1)
Nutritional Concerns
908(1)
Adjunct Therapies
908(1)
Conclusion
909
References
1(1)
Appendix A---General Information
1(1)
Appendix B---Nutrition Assessment
1(1)
Appendix C---Parental and Enteral Formulas
1(1)
Appendix D---Nutrient Tables
1(1)
Appendix E---Menu Planning
1(1)
Appendix F---Contemporary and Alternative Medicine Tables
1(1)
Appendix G---Answers to Case Study Questions
1(1)
Appendix H---Answers to End-of-Chapter Questions
1(1)
Glossary 1(1)
Index 1


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