Odyssey focuses on helping students build paragraph and essay writing skills while treating the writing process as a voyage of self-discovery, confidence building, and competence building. As with most traditional paragraph to essay writing books, Odyssey begins with a thorough overview of the writing process, introduces the various patterns of development, then demonstrates each pattern of development with various essay samples. Parts IV VI focus on improving grammar and paragraph development. The book concludes with an anthology of readings that take students on a reading odyssey, where selections cross genres and professions. All exercises have been reorganized and streamlined in the fourth edition. Students will find newly titled Comprehension and Practice exercises that begin with a focus on fundamental concepts and then move into invention and the writing of short pieces. Students can then proceed to Challenge exercises that call for critical thinking, drafting, and revision. Interspersed throughout these questions sets are Collaboration exercises, which are ideal for pairs and/or groups of students. Grammar, mechanics, and punctuation chapters conclude with Chapter Quick Check and Summary Editing exercises that test students understanding of all the grammar and sentence skills they have learned.
Table of Contents
I. STARTING OUT. 1. Ensuring Success in Writing. Overview: Understanding the Importance of Good Writing. Recognizing the Dynamics of Writing. Understanding the Basic Components of Writing. Focusing on the Reader. Understanding the Purpose Behind Your Writing. Recap: Ensuring Success in Writing. 2. Generating Ideas Through Prewriting. Overview: Seeing Prewriting as a Way to Explore Ideas. Understanding Prewriting. Freewriting. Brainstorming. Clustering. Branching. Idea Mapping. Maintaining a Journal. 3. Composing: Creating a Draft. Overview: Understanding Composing. Recognizing the Structure of a Paragraph. Focusing a Topic. Writing a Clear, Specific Topic Sentence. Providing the Best Support for the Topic Sentence. Deciding on the Most Effective Arrangement. Making Your Material Reader-Centered. Using a Reader Evaluation Checklist. Developing a Complete Draft. 4. Refining and Polishing Your Draft. Overview: Understanding the Revising Stage. Reassessing: Reseeing Your Work. Redrafting. Editing. II. USING THE PATTERNS OF PARAGRAPH DEVELOPMENT. 5. Narration. Overview: Telling Your Story. Writing a Clear Topic Sentence That Establishes a Context. Relying on Chronological Order. Choosing the Most Effective Point of View. 6. Description. Overview: Creating a Picture in Words. Previewing the Focus of Description Through the Topic Sentence. Using Sensory Details. Relying on Objective and Subjective Description. Using Spatial Order. 7. Example. Overview: Learning to Illustrate Your Point. Providing a Topic Sentence That States the Point You Will Illustrate. Providing Specific Examples. Ensuring That Your Examples Are Relevant. 8. Process. Overview: Explaining How to or How It Happens. Including a Topic Sentence That Clearly States the Process. Using the Imperative Mood: You. Dividing the Process into Simple, Logical Steps. Relying on Linear Order. 9. Definition. Overview: Making Meaning Crystal Clear. Providing a Topic Sentence That Highlights the Term to Be Defined. Understanding the Pattern of an Effective Definition. Recognizing the Full Effect of the Term Defined. 10. Comparison and Contrast. Overview: Expressing Similarities and Differences. Providing a Topic Sentence That Specifies Both Subjects and Indicates the Focus. Establishing Your Bases for Comparison. Arranging Your Ideas Effectively. 11. Cause and Effect. Overview: Explaining Reasons and Consequences. Providing a Topic Sentence That Focuses on Cause or Effect. Distinguishing Between Direct and Related Causes and Effects. Avoiding Oversimplification of Causes and Effects. 12. Division and Classification. Overview: Analyzing the Whole in Terms of the Parts. Specifying Scope and Emphasis Through a Topic Sentence. Establishing a Logical Method of Analysis. Maintaining a Consistent Presentation. Using Distinct and Complete Groupings. 13. Argument. Overview: Understanding Persuasion. Providing a Topic Sentence That Expresses a Clear Stance on the Issue. Developing Sufficient Support Through Sound Reasons. Using a Reasonable, Convincing Tone. Using Sound Logic. Arranging Your Support in Emphatic Order. III. MOVING ON TO THE ESSAY. 14. Developing an Essay. Overview: Comparing the Paragraph and the Essay. Understanding the Structure of an Essay. Understanding the Role of the Thesis. Examining an Effective Essay. Exam