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The One Best System: A History of American Urban Education

by
ISBN13:

9780674637825

ISBN10:
0674637828
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
12/1/1974
Publisher(s):
Harvard Univ Pr

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Summary

The One Best System a major new interpretation of what actually happened in the development of one of America's most influential institutions. At the same time it is a narrative in which the participants themselves speak out: farm children and factory workers, frontier teachers and city superintendents, black parents and elite reformers. And it encompasses both the achievements and the failures of the system: the successful assimilation of immigrants, racism and class bias; the opportunities offered to some, the injustices perpetuated for others. Mr. Tyack has placed his colorful, wide-ranging view of history within a broad new framework drawn from the most recent work in history, sociology, and political science. He looks at the politics and inertia, the ideologies and power struggles that formed the basis of our present educational system. Using a variety of social perspectives and methods of analysis, David Tyack illuminates for all readers the change from village to urban ways of thinking and acting over the course of more than one hundred years.

Table of Contents

Prologue 3(10)
PART I THE ONE BEST SYSTEM IN MICROCOSM: COMMUNITY AND CONSOLIDATION IN RURAL EDUCATION 13(15)
The School as a Community and the Community as a School
15(6)
``The Rural School Problem'' and Power to the Professional
21(7)
PART II FROM VILLAGE SCHOOL TO URBAN SYSTEM: BUREAUCRATIZATION IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY 28(50)
Swollen Villages and the Need for Coordination
30(9)
Creating the One Best System
39(20)
Teachers and the Male Mystique
59(7)
Attendance, Voluntary and Coerced
66(6)
Some Functions of Schooling
72(6)
PART III THE POLITICS OF PLURALISM: NINETEENTH-CENTURY PATTERNS 78(48)
Critics and Dissenters
80(8)
Configurations of Control
88(9)
Lives Routinized yet Insecure: Teachers and School Politics
97(7)
Cultural Conflicts: Religion and Ethnicity
104(5)
A Struggle Lonely and Unequal: The Burden of Race
109(17)
PART IV CENTRALIZATION AND THE CORPORATE MODEL: CONTESTS FOR CONTROL OF URBAN SCHOOLS, 1890-1940 126(51)
An Interlocking Directorate and Its Blueprint for Reform
129(18)
Conflicts of Power and Values: Case Studies of Centralization
147(20)
Political Structure and Political Behavior
167(10)
PART V INSIDE THE SYSTEM: THE CHARACTER OF URBAN SCHOOLS, 1890-1940 177(92)
Success Story: The Administrative Progressives
182(16)
Science
198(19)
Victims without ``Crimes'': Black Americans
217(12)
Americanization: Match and Mismatch
229(26)
``Lady Labor Sluggers'' and the Professional Proletariat
255(14)
Epilogue the One Best System Under Fire, 1940-1973 269(26)
Notes 295(22)
Bibliography 317(28)
Index 345


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