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Organized Crime,9780130100207
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Organized Crime

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780130100207

ISBN10:
013010020X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $89.00
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Summary

For undergraduate or graduate courses in Organized Crime in the departments of criminal justice or police studies. This text demystifies the world of organized crime by analyzing it closely and critically from a social perspective. Groups such as Afro-American, Mexican, Asian, Colombian, African, and Jamaican criminal groups are discussed as well as their Italian criminal counterparts who are typically thought of when the term organized crime is used. The text gives students the history, current role, and future of players in the world of organized crime, along with insight on what the criminal justice system is doing to suppress organized criminals.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Understanding Organized Crime
1(62)
Introduction
2(1)
The Book's Focus
3(1)
Defining Organized Crime
4(5)
Problems Caused by Organized Crime
6(1)
Attributes of Organized Crime
6(2)
Understanding the Mafia
8(1)
Categories of Organized Criminal Behavior
9(4)
Provision of Illicit Services
10(1)
Provision of Illicit Goods
10(1)
Conspiracy
10(1)
Penetration of Legitimate Business
11(1)
Extortion
11(1)
Corruption
11(2)
Definitions by Crime Commissions
13(3)
The Sicilian Seed
16(2)
The Village Becomes Organized
16(2)
The Camorra
18(1)
Investigations into Organized Crime
18(21)
Mussolini's Mafia Purge
18(2)
The Hennessey Assassination
20(3)
The Castellammarese War
23(1)
Thomas Dewey and the Mob
24(3)
The Kefauver Committee
27(1)
The Apalachin Incident
28(2)
The Valachi Hearings
30(3)
Bobby Kennedy's Justice Department Task Force
33(1)
Palermo's Maxitrial
34(1)
The Pizza Connection
35(2)
Giuliani's Mafia Trials
37(2)
Louis Freeh and the New Mafia War
39(1)
Models of Organized Crime
39(13)
The President's Commission on Organized Crime
39(4)
Cressey's Cosa Nostra Model
43(4)
Albini's Patron-Client Model
47(1)
Smith's Enterprise Model
48(1)
Ianni's Kinship Group Model
49(1)
Chambliss's Crime Network Model
49(1)
Haller's Partnership Model
50(1)
Block's Description of Enterprise and Power Syndicates
50(2)
Nontraditional Organized Crime
52(2)
Organizational Constraints
54(2)
Reuter on Economic Constraints
54(1)
Mastrofski and Potter on Organizational Constraints
55(1)
Organized Crime, the Media, and Popular Culture
56(4)
What Have We Learned?
60(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
61(1)
Discussion Questions
62(1)
Suggested Reading
62(1)
Theories of Organized Criminal Behavior
63(34)
Introduction
64(1)
Alien Conspiracy Theory
65(1)
Rational Choice Theory
66(3)
Deterrence Theory
69(1)
Psychological Traits and Criminality
70(4)
The Antisocial Personality
70(3)
The Dependent Personality
73(1)
Learning Theories
74(2)
Miller on Gangs
74(1)
Sutherland and Differential Association
75(1)
Suttles on Community History
76(1)
Conflict Theory
76(1)
Social Disorganization Theories
77(3)
Relative Deprivation
77(1)
Bell's ``Queer Ladder of Mobility'' Theory
78(1)
Merton and Anomie
78(1)
Cloward and Ohlin on Differential Opportunity
79(1)
Taylor, Walton, and Young on Blocked Opportunity
79(1)
Cultural Deviance Theories
80(1)
Culture Conflict
80(1)
Smith's Enterprise Theory
80(1)
Organizational Theory and Organized Crime
81(4)
Two Empirical Conclusions
83(2)
Social Implications
85(1)
Organized Crime as a Community Social Institution
85(9)
Aligning with Legitimate Business
86(2)
Benefits for Legitimate Business
88(1)
Illicit Income for Community Members
88(1)
``Legitimate'' Employment Opportunities
89(1)
Community Acceptance of Organized Crime
89(1)
The Corruption Link
90(2)
Interfacing with the Community
92(2)
What Have We Learned?
94(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
95(1)
Discussion Questions
95(1)
Suggested Reading
95(2)
The Evolution of Organized Crime
97(76)
Introduction
98(1)
The Irish Immigration
99(1)
The Political Machine (1830-1919)
100(6)
The Tammany Hall Machine
100(2)
The Pendergast Political Machine
102(4)
The Early Drug Syndicates (1915-1930)
106(1)
The Prohibition Era (1920-1933)
107(2)
The Chicago Mob
109(6)
The Capone Legacy
109(4)
Sam Giancana (1908-1975)
113(2)
Ethnicity and Organized Crime in Chicago
115(1)
The New York Mob
115(24)
The Masseria and Maranzano Assassinations
115(2)
Lucky Luciano and New York's New Order
117(2)
The Siegel, Lansky, and Las Vegas Connection
119(3)
The Black Hand
122(1)
The Unione Siciliana
123(1)
Arnold Rothstein
124(1)
Dutch Schultz
125(3)
Frank Costello
128(1)
Frank Erikson
129(1)
Vito Genovese
129(3)
Joseph Bonanno
132(1)
Joseph Colombo
133(1)
Carlo Gambino
134(1)
Paul Castellano
134(1)
John Gotti
135(4)
The Philadelphia Mob
139(4)
Philadelphia and the National Syndicate
140(3)
The New Breed
143(3)
Pablo Escobar
143(3)
Historical Perspectives on Rural Organized Crime in the South
146(24)
Piracy on the High Seas
147(3)
Land and River Pirates
150(4)
Vice Districts in the Frontier South
154(3)
Gambling
157(3)
New Orleans Street Gangs
160(1)
Procuring and Prostitution
161(4)
Bootlegging and Moonshining
165(5)
What Have We Learned?
170(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
171(1)
Discussion Questions
171(1)
Suggested Reading
171(2)
The Businesses of Organized Crime
173(38)
Introduction
174(1)
Delivery of Illicit Goods and Services
175(1)
Corruption
176(2)
Pornography
178(4)
Forms of Pornography
179(1)
Organized Crime and Pornography
179(3)
Prostitution
182(6)
Types of Prostitutes
183(4)
Organization
187(1)
Drug Trafficking
188(2)
The Distribution Chain
188(2)
Gambling
190(5)
The Process
191(2)
Bookmaking
193(1)
Sports Betting
194(1)
The Effects of Gambling
194(1)
Loansharking
195(1)
Business Racketeering
196(3)
Reasons to Diversify
197(2)
Labor Racketeering
199(3)
Money Laundering
202(6)
The Underground Economy
203(2)
The Money-Laundering Process
205(3)
What Have We Learned?
208(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
209(1)
Discussion Questions
209(1)
Suggested Reading
210(1)
The Illicit Drug Trade
211(35)
Introduction
212(1)
Drug Control: A Brief History
212(2)
Early Drug Regulation
213(1)
The Impact of Drugs on Society
214(2)
The Pervasiveness of Drug Abuse
216(1)
Measuring Drug Abuse
216(1)
Drugs and Crime
217(4)
Drugs and Violent Crime
219(1)
Drugs and Income-Generated Crime
220(1)
Drugs and Organized Crime
221(2)
Players in the Drug Business
222(1)
The Business of Drugs
223(3)
Trends of Organized Drug Trafficking
223(1)
Recent Trafficking Patterns
224(1)
Heroin's Return
225(1)
The Drug Trade Today
226(1)
Southwest and Southeast Asia
227(1)
The Golden Triangle
227(1)
The Golden Crescent
228(1)
Mexico
228(2)
South American Countries
230(2)
Bolivia
230(1)
Peru
231(1)
Colombia
231(1)
Common Drugs of Abuse
232(1)
Categories of Dangerous Drugs
232(7)
Narcotics
232(1)
Stimulants
233(2)
Hallucinogens
235(1)
Depressants
236(1)
Cannabis
236(1)
Inhalants
237(2)
Drug Control Strategies
239(4)
Police-Community Drug Control Efforts
242(1)
Other Control Strategies
242(1)
What Have We Learned?
243(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
244(1)
Discussion Questions
244(1)
Suggested Reading
245(1)
Domestic Organized Crime Groups
246(53)
Introduction
247(1)
Black Organized Crime
247(4)
New York
248(1)
Chicago
249(1)
Pittsburgh
250(1)
Philadelphia
250(1)
Newport
250(1)
Contemporary Black Organized Crime
251(3)
Leroy ``Nicky'' Barnes
252(1)
Frank Mathews
252(1)
Jeff Fort
253(1)
Charles Lucas
253(1)
Youth Gangs
254(10)
Defining Youth Gangs
254(1)
Why Street Gangs Exist
255(1)
How Street Gangs are Organized
256(1)
Structure and Member Status
257(1)
Laws Addressing Gang Violence
258(1)
Characteristics of Gang Members
259(3)
Black Youth Gangs
262(1)
Hispanic Youth Gangs
263(1)
The Mobility of Youth Gangs
263(1)
Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs
264(13)
The OMG-Organized Crime Link
265(1)
Organizational Structure
266(2)
Criminal Activity
268(4)
The Hall's Angels
272(2)
The Outlaws
274(1)
The Pagans
275(1)
The Bandidos
276(1)
Prison Gangs
277(2)
Prison Gangs Today
279(12)
Gang Member Recruitment
279(2)
Gang Structure
281(1)
Gang Operating Procedure
281(1)
The Mexican Mafia
282(3)
The Nuestra Familia
285(1)
The Texas Syndicate
286(1)
The Aryan Brotherhood
287(4)
The Black Guerilla Family
291(1)
Rural Organized Crime
291(5)
The Wholesale Market
293(1)
The Retail Market
294(1)
Characteristic of Rural Organized Crime Groups
295(1)
What Have We Learned?
296(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
297(1)
Discussion Questions
297(1)
Suggested Reading
297(2)
A Comparative Perspective
299(61)
Introduction
300(1)
Transnational Organized Crime
300(10)
Reconstructing Organized Crime as an International Bogeyman
300(1)
The International Political Economy and Organized Crime
301(3)
The Changing Character of Organized Crime in a Global Economy
304(2)
Challenges to State Sovereignty and Security
306(2)
Future Trends Affecting Criminal Organizations
308(2)
Colombian Organized Crime
310(1)
The Colombian Cartels
311(1)
The Medellin Cartel
312(2)
The Cali Cartel
314(3)
Trouble in Cali
314(1)
Management and Organizational Structure
315(2)
Cuban Organized Crime
317(2)
The Marielitos
318(1)
An Overview
319(1)
Asian Organized Crime
319(1)
The Triads
320(3)
Triad Organizational Structure
321(1)
Triads and the Drug Trade
322(1)
The Tongs
323(1)
The Sicilian-COC Alliance
324(1)
The Shan United Army
324(1)
Vietnamese Gangs
325(1)
The Yakuza
325(2)
Gang Structure
326(1)
The Shining Path
327(1)
The Jamaican Posses
328(5)
Organizational Structure
329(1)
Jamaica's Political History
330(2)
Jamaicans and the Cocaine Trade
332(1)
European Organized Crime
333(3)
Eastern and Central Europe
333(1)
Europe's Shadow Economy
334(2)
Italy's Mafia Wars
336(3)
Italy's Mafia Structure
339(1)
Russian Organized Crime
339(7)
Organization and Structure
341(1)
Operating Style
342(4)
African Organized Crime
346(11)
Defining the Context of Organized Crime in Africa
346(3)
Organized Crime in Nigeria
349(5)
The Emergence of Syndicated Drug Trafficking in South Africa
354(2)
Conclusions
356(1)
What Have We Learned?
357(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
358(1)
Discussion Questions
359(1)
Suggested Reading
359(1)
Terrorism as Organized Crime
360(56)
Introduction
361(2)
Defining Terrorism
362(1)
Who Are the Terrorists?
363(1)
Forms of Terrorism
364(2)
Categories of Terrorism
366(1)
Recent Changes in Terrorism
366(1)
The Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons
367(1)
Infoterrorism
368(1)
International Terrorism
369(10)
Middle Eastern Terrorists
371(2)
West European Terrorists
373(1)
Latin American Terrorists
374(2)
State-Organized Crime
376(1)
State-Sponsored Terrorism and U.S. Foreign Policy
377(2)
U.S. Intelligence Agency Collaboration with Organized Crime
379(4)
The OSS in Italy and Marseilles
380(1)
The CIA in Southeast Asia
381(1)
The CIA in Southwest Asia
382(1)
The CIA and Money Laundering in Florida and the Cribbean Basin
382(1)
The Nugan-Hand Bank
382(1)
The Bank of Credit and Commerce International
383(1)
Cuban Organized Crime Groups
383(1)
The Iran-Contra Affair
384(6)
Medellin Cartel Support of the Contras
385(1)
Drug Smuggling by the Contras
385(3)
What Did They Know and When Did They Know It?
388(2)
Domestic Terrorism
390(4)
The Bombing in Oklahoma City
392(2)
Other Recent Incidents
394(1)
The Ideological Left
394(2)
The Ideological Right
396(2)
Domestic Terrorism: White Supremacist and Hate Groups
397(1)
The Birth of Militias
398(2)
Triggering Events
399(1)
Other Domestic Terrorist Groups
400(4)
Christian Identity Groups
401(1)
White Nationalists
401(1)
Third-Position White Supremacists
401(1)
Neo-Nazi Skinheads
402(1)
Racial Survivalists
402(1)
Fifth-Era Ku Klux Klan Groups
403(1)
Posse Comitatus
403(1)
Populists
403(1)
Single-Issue Terrorist Activity
404(3)
Anti-Abortion Activists
405(2)
The Media's Role in Terrorism
407(1)
Controlling Terrorism
407(7)
The 1996 Antiterrorism Bill
408(6)
What Have We Learned?
414(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
415(1)
Discussion Questions
415(1)
Suggested Reading
415(1)
Organized Crime's Political and Corporate Alliance
416(48)
Introduction
417(1)
Understanding the Connection
418(1)
Organized Crime and the Political Systems
419(2)
The Mob and JFK
421(5)
JFK's Political Debts
423(3)
Organized Crime and Richard Nixon
426(2)
The Teamsters Endorsement
428(1)
Organized Crime and Ronald Reagan
428(10)
Senator Paul Laxalt
428(4)
Jackie Presser
432(1)
Roy Williams
432(1)
Reagan and the International Longshoremen's Associations
433(1)
Raymond Donovan
434(1)
Other Reagan Administration Ties to Organized Crime
435(1)
Payback
436(2)
Bill Clinton and the Whitewater Scandal
438(1)
Organized Crime and the Business Community
439(2)
Reciprocity
440(1)
The Worlds of Meyer Lansky
441(14)
Lansky's Inner Circle
442(3)
More on Las Vegas
445(2)
The Move to Florida
447(1)
Cuba
448(1)
The Banks
448(1)
The Bahamas
449(1)
International Activities
450(2)
Other Financiers
452(1)
Moe Dalitz
452(1)
The Teamsters and the Dorfmans
452(2)
Ed Levinson
454(1)
Reuben Sturman
454(1)
Were There Others?
455(1)
Organized Crime, the CIA, and the Savings and Loan Scandal
455(6)
First National Bank of Maryland
456(1)
Palmer National Bank
457(1)
Indian Springs Bank
458(1)
Vision Banc Savings
459(1)
Hill Financial Savings
459(1)
Sunshine State Bank
459(1)
Mario Renda, Lender to the Mob
460(1)
Full Service Banking
460(1)
What Have We Learned?
461(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
462(1)
Discussion Questions
463(1)
Suggested Reading
463(1)
Controlling Organized Crime
464(47)
Introduction
465(1)
The Police Response
465(6)
Police Jurisdiction
466(1)
Controlling Police Actions
467(1)
The Constitution and the Police
467(1)
Undercover Operations
468(1)
Informants
469(2)
Intelligence Operations
471(3)
Intelligence versus Criminal Investigations
472(1)
Intelligence Agencies
472(1)
Improving Intelligence Investigations
473(1)
Legal Initiatives
474(2)
The 1986 Money-Laundering Control Act
475(1)
The 1988 Chemical and Diversion and Trafficking Act
475(1)
The Internal Revenue Code
476(1)
Electronic Surveillance
476(1)
Asset Forfeiture
477(5)
Advantages of Civil Forfeiture
479(2)
What Can Be Seized?
481(1)
Forfeiture of Attorney's Fees
481(1)
The RICO Statute
482(3)
RICO's Basics
483(1)
Criticisms of RICO
484(1)
Advantages of RICO
485(1)
The Continuing Criminal Enterprise Statute
485(1)
Conspiracy Statutes
486(1)
The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act
487(1)
Multijurisdictional Task Forces
488(1)
The Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force
488(1)
The Investigative Grand Jury
489(1)
The Statewide Grand Jury
490(1)
The Witness Security Program
490(1)
Evaluating Efforts to Control Organized Crime
491(1)
The Headhunting Strategy
491(4)
The Effectiveness of Headhunting
492(1)
Problems with Headhunting
493(2)
Fighting Corruption
495(1)
Cleaning Up Money Laundries
496(1)
Drug Decriminalization
497(2)
Opposing Decriminalization
497(2)
The Effectiveness of Organized Crime Prosecutions
499(3)
Why Won't It Die?
501(1)
The Future of Organized Crime
502(4)
Today's Crime Trends
503(1)
Information Theft
503(1)
The Power of Legitimacy
504(1)
Satellite Technology
505(1)
The Nuclear Mafia
505(1)
What Have We Learned?
506(3)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
509(1)
Discussion Questions
509(1)
Suggested Reading
509(2)
References 511(18)
Index 529


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