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Ornithology,9780716749837
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Ornithology

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780716749837

ISBN10:
0716749831
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
10/6/2006
Publisher(s):
W. H. Freeman

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What version or edition is this?
This is the 3rd edition with a publication date of 10/6/2006.
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Summary

Ornithologyis the classic text for the undergraduate ornithology course, long admired for its biological/evolutionary approach to bird science. The new editionthe first revision in 10 yearsmaintains the scope and expertise that made the book so popular while incorporating a tremendous amount of new research and updating its exquisite program of drawings and photographs.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Acknowledgments xix
Omithology: A Short History xxi
PART 1 Origins
The Diversity of Birds
3(22)
Basic Characters of Birds
4(5)
Adaptive Radiation of Form and Function
9(9)
Life Histories
18(1)
Natural Selection and Convergence
19(1)
Biogeography
20(5)
History
25(26)
Birds As Reptiles
26(1)
Archaeopteryx: The Original Link Between Birds and Reptiles
27(4)
Birds As Dinosaurs
31(6)
Early Evolution of Birds
37(2)
Evolution of Feathers
39(1)
Evolution of Flight
40(1)
Modern Birds
41
Box 2--1 The Avian Genome: One Billion DNA Base Pairs Strong
36(15)
Systematics
51(28)
Species and Speciation
51(2)
Scientific Names
53(4)
Classification and Phylogeny
57(1)
Taxonomic Characters
58(3)
Cladistics
61(2)
Biochemical Systematics
63(1)
Box 3--1 DNA-DNA Hybridization Compares Total Genetic Divergence
64(15)
PART 2 Form and Function
Feathers
79(36)
Feather Structure
79(10)
Feather Growth
89(2)
Evolution of Feathers
91(3)
Feather Colors
94(6)
The Feather Coat
100(2)
Feather Care
102(3)
Plumage Color Patterns
105(3)
Molts and Plumages
108
Box 4--1 Desert Sandgrouse Carry Water in Modified Feathers
82(3)
Box 4--2 The Bird That Calls Like a Cricket
85(2)
Box 4--3 The Display Plumes of Egrets Nearly Caused Their Extinction
87(8)
Box 4--4 Bright Red Marks the Best Male House Finches
95(2)
Box 4--5 Structural Colors of Bird Skin and Eyes
97(18)
Flight
115(26)
Elementary Aerodynamics
116(6)
Kinds of Flight
122(9)
Wing Sizes and Shapes
131(2)
The Skeleton
133(3)
Flight Muscles
136(1)
Muscle-Fiber Metabolism
136(1)
Flightless Birds
137
Box 5--1 Peregrine Falcons: Speed Stooping
122(1)
Box 5--2 Flying in Formation
123(11)
Box 5--3 The Furcula Is a Flexible, Elastic Spring
134(7)
Physiology
141(42)
The High Body Temperatures of Birds
142(1)
The Respiratory System
143(5)
The Circulatory System
148(2)
Metabolism
150(2)
Temperature Regulation
152(12)
Feeding and Digestion
164(7)
Energy Balance and Reserves
171(2)
Water Economy
173
Box 6--1 Birds Hyperventilate Without Severe Penalty
147(10)
Box 6--2 Global Warming
157(4)
Box 6--3 Selection for Larger House Sparrows
161(22)
PART 3 Behavior and Communication
Senses, Brains, and Intelligence
183(32)
Vision
184(6)
Detection of Magnetic Fields
190(1)
Hearing
191(4)
Mechanoreception
195(2)
Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell
197(3)
Bird Brains
200(6)
Cognition and Intelligence
206
Box 7--1 How Robins Find Worms
184(13)
Box 7--2 Birds Like Chili Peppers
197(1)
Box 7--3 New Zealand Kiwis Sniff for Their Food
198(1)
Box 7--4 Auklets Use Perfume
199(10)
Box 7--5 Conversations with a Parrot Explore Avian Intelligence
209(6)
Vocalizations
215(30)
Physical Attributes
215(6)
Vocabularies and Communication
221(1)
Sound Production by the Syrinx
222(5)
Roles of the Central Nervous System
227(2)
Learning to Sing
229(6)
Dialects
235(2)
Vocal Mimicry
237(1)
Songs and Mates
238
Box 8--1 A Vocabulary for Sounds and Vocalizations
216(7)
Box 8--2 Chickadees Tell Flock Mates Which Predator Is Lurking
223(3)
Box 8--3 Birds Have Two Independent Voices
226(6)
Box 8--4 Birds with Fixed Repertoires Learn Songs in Four Stages
232(6)
Box 8--5 Both Bird Vocalists and Human Fiddlers Have Technical Duels
238(2)
Box 8--6 Bush Shrikes Duet with Precision
240(5)
PART 4 Behavior and the Environment
The Annual Cycles of Birds
245(28)
Basic Annual Cycles
246(2)
Annual Cycles of the White-crowned Sparrow
248(2)
Circadian Rhythms and the Photoperiod
250(5)
Master Hormones
255(3)
Breeding Seasons
258(1)
Timing of Migration
259(3)
Scheduling High-Cost Efforts
262(3)
Nonannual Cycles
265(4)
Climate Change
269
Box 9--1 Precisely When Do American Robins Nest?
260(3)
Box 9--2 Molt by White-crowned Sparrows Requires Energy and Special Nutrition
263(3)
Box 9--3 Late Molts in the American Redstart Incur Costs
266(7)
Migration and Navigation
273(34)
Migration
274(21)
Navigation
295
Box 10--1 Radar Records Document the Decline of Migrant Birds
278(5)
Box 10--2 A Migrating Thrush Outperforms Ornithologists
283(9)
Box 10--3 The Black-necked Grebe Reorganizes Its Whole Body
292(12)
Box 10--4 Baby Buntings Learn the Night Sky
304(3)
Social Behavior
307(28)
Individual Space
308(1)
Territorial Behavior
309(5)
Social Rank
314(4)
Agonistic Behavior
318(2)
Flocks
320(11)
Communal Roosts
331
Box 11--1 Territory Defense by Sunbirds Depends on Economics
310(5)
Box 11--2 Dominant Blue Tits Are More Cautious Than Their Subordinates
315(6)
Box 11--3 Harris's Hawks Hunt in Teams
321(3)
Box 11--4 Optimal Size of a Quail Covey
324(1)
Box 11--5 Wanted: Experienced Parrot Flocks for Conservation
325(4)
Box 11--6 Coloniality in Yellow-rumped Caciques Reduces Predation
329(6)
PART 5 Avian Life Histories
Mates
335(32)
Life-History Strategies
336(2)
Mate Choice and Sexual Selection
338(6)
Evolution of Displays
344(15)
Monogamy
359(2)
Cuckoldry and Promiscuity
361
Box 12--1 Blue Tits Choose Mates in the Ultraviolet
341(26)
Breeding Systems
367(32)
Diversity
368(2)
Polygyny
370(3)
Polyandry
373(4)
Brood Parasitism
377(8)
Cooperative Breeding
385(7)
Bee-eaters and Families
392
Box 13--1 Coots Count
378(11)
Box 13--2 Altruism Bypasses Infidelity in an Endangered Island Warbler
389(6)
Box 13--3 Knowing Kin by Their Calls
395(4)
Bird Sex
399(32)
The Sexes
400(5)
Ovary and Ovum
405(4)
Testes and Sperm
409(3)
Copulation
412(4)
Fertilization and Sperm Competition
416(2)
The Complete Egg
418(5)
Egg Formation in the Oviduct
423(2)
The Embryo
425(2)
Clutch Size
427
Box 14--1 Manipulating Egg Quality and Brood Mates
407(5)
Box 14--2 Prolonged Copulation
412(6)
Box 14--3 Sperm Competition Among Smith's Longspurs
418(9)
Box 14--4 Determinate versus Indeterminate Egg Layers
427(4)
Nests and Incubation
431(36)
Nests
432(15)
Incubation
447(13)
Hatching
460(2)
Moundbuilders
462
Box 15--1 Fragrance Helps
436(2)
Box 15--2 Kittiwakes Adapt to Cliff Nesting
438(16)
Box 15--3 Bone-Making Protein Changes Finch Bills
454(13)
Parents and Their Offspring
467(36)
Altricial Compared with Precocial Modes of Development
468(10)
Begging for Food
478(1)
Sibling Rivalry
479(3)
Parenting
482(8)
Fledging
490(3)
Behavioral Growth and Development
493
Box 16--1 Development Categories of Hatchlings
471(9)
Box 16--2 Laughing Kookaburras: Last to Hatch Loses
480(4)
Box 16--3 Feeding Nestlings
484(11)
Box 16--4 Endangered-Species Projects Accommodate the Sexual Preferences of Hand-Reared Birds
495(4)
Box 16--5 Password Access to Cowbird Society
499(4)
Lifetime Reproductive Success
503(30)
Life-History Patterns
504(2)
Life Tables
506(4)
Longevity and Life Span
510(4)
Fecundity
514(6)
Annual Reproductive Effort
520(4)
Evolution of Clutch Size
524
Box 17--1 Physiological Constraints Shape Avian Life-History Traits
507(4)
Box 17--2 Anti-aging Mechanisms in Birds?
511(8)
Box 17--3 Young Female Tree Swallows Delay Breeding
519(14)
PART 6 Population Dynamics and Conservation
Populations
533(38)
Growth
533(5)
Control
538(2)
Limitation
540(10)
Regulation
550(8)
Long-Term Population Trends
558
Box 18--1 Rebound of the Short-tailed Albatross
534(14)
Box 18--2 Avian Flu
548(14)
Box 18--3 The Breeding Bird Survey
562(2)
Box 18--4 Global Warming and Seabirds
564(7)
Species
571(32)
What Is a Species?
571(4)
Allopatric Speciation
575(8)
The Phylogenetic Species Concept
583(2)
Population Size and Structure
585(5)
Hybrids
590(2)
Hybrid Zones
592(5)
Behavior and Speciation
597
Box 19--1 Population Cohesion of Cuckoos
573(4)
Box 19--2 Character Heritability
577(1)
Box 19--3 Seven Rules of Speciation in Birds
578(6)
Box 19--4 A Ring Species in Siberia
584(19)
Communities
603(32)
The Dynamics of Communities
603(14)
Species Diversity
617(9)
Competition
626
Box 20--1 Stable Isotopes Clarify Seabird Food Webs
605(2)
Box 20--2 Character Displacement Evolved Rapidly in Supertramps
607(14)
Box 20--3 Distance to Cover Defines the Niches of Sparrows
621(11)
Box 20--4 Competition Affects the Use of Foraging Sites by Tits
632(3)
Conservation
635(50)
The State of Birds
636(3)
Threats
639(6)
Past Excesses
645(5)
Hope
650(10)
Conservation by Design
660(15)
Site-Based Conservation
675(3)
The Conservation Movement
678
Box 21--1 Symbol of Extinction: The Dodo
646(5)
Box 21--2 Saving the Whooping Crane
651(7)
Box 21--3 Loons and Lead
658(16)
Box 21--4 A Seabird of the Old-Growth Forest
674(9)
Box 21--5 Birding Ethics: American Birding Association
683(2)
Bibliography 685(40)
Index 725


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