9780736047098

Outdoor Education: Methods And Strategies

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780736047098

  • ISBN10:

    0736047093

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 8/11/2005
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics

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Summary

Outdoor Education: Methods and Strategieswill show students how to-use physical, cognitive, and affective methods to teach lessons in different settings to different audiences;-link educational theories to teaching methods and choose the best method for each setting; and-implement strategies with easy-to-use forms and lesson plans.Outdoor Education: Methods and Strategiesprovides all the necessary information and tools for teaching outdoor education. It applies educational theories to outdoor teaching methods and helps educators choose the instructional strategy that will work best for their audience, whether they're in a school, nature center, adventure center, camp, environmental learning center, government agency, or university. This text includes the following features:-Easy-to-use forms for designing, implementing, and evaluating outdoor lesson plans-Six highly detailed sample lesson plans, representing a variety of settings for different age groups and abilities and using physical, cognitive, and affective methods-Teaching tips, real-life case studies, and interactive exercises to apply concepts in each chapterOutdoor Education: Methods and Strategiescontains practical lesson plans and examples that go beyond the normal scope of a text. It includes key concepts, objectives, and summaries for each chapter, and it presents an extensive set of educational methods and applications to foster optimal learning.Part Idefines what outdoor education is and details the professional expectations of an outdoor educator. It also explores educational theories that support outdoor education, including developmental stages, learning stages, and constructivism.Part IIcovers teacher preparation, including understanding the backgrounds and abilities of participants, creating a successful learning environment, teaching effectively in a variety of outdoor settings, and designing lesson plans.In part III, the authors explore methods and delivery of outdoor education. They examine the uses of physical, cognitive, and affective methods for teaching, and they provide six ready-to-use sample lessons. They also help readers reflect on, evaluate, and improve their lesson plans through experimentation.Outdoor Education: Methods and Strategieswill benefit all educators, new or veteran, in enhancing their audience's awareness, appreciation, and knowledge of the outdoors. Ultimately, it will advance educators'abilities to increase people's enjoyment and understanding of the environment.

Author Biography

Alan Ewert is a distinguished and titled professor at Indiana University. Tim Bates is the associate director of the Recreational Sports Outdoor Program, an adjunct faculty member, the coordinator of environmental education, and assistant director of the Center for Environmental Education at the University of Minnesota Duluth. Ken Gilbertson is an associate professor of outdoor education in the department of health, physical education, and recreation, at the University of Minnesota Duluth (UMD), where he is also director of the Center for Environmental Education.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
Acknowledgments ix
Part I Foundations of Outdoor Education
Defining Outdoor Education
3(12)
Why the Outdoors?
4(1)
Model of Outdoor Education
5(1)
Environmental Education
6(2)
Interpretation
8(1)
Adventure Education
8(1)
Experiential Education
9(1)
Education Structure
10(1)
Development of Outdoor Education
11(1)
Rationale for Teaching Outdoors
12(2)
Summary
14(1)
Describing the Outdoor Educator
15(12)
Professionalism
16(5)
Professional Responsibilities
21(4)
Summary
25(2)
Theories and Foundations in Outdoor Education
27(16)
Theories in Outdoor Education
28(8)
Learning Theories
36(3)
Summary
39(4)
Part II Preparation for Teaching Outdoors
Understanding Participants
43(16)
Audience Assessment
44(1)
Stereotyping
45(1)
Gender
45(1)
Age and Cognitive Development
46(2)
Medical Conditions
48(2)
Experience
50(1)
Group Familiarity
50(1)
Abilities
51(4)
Culture and Ethnicity
55(2)
Strategies for Teaching Diverse Audiences
57(1)
Summary
57(2)
Creating the Learning Environment
59(16)
Foundations of the Learning Environment
60(1)
Components of Successful Learning Environments
61(13)
Summary
74(1)
Outdoor Education Settings
75(10)
Site Selection
76(1)
Learning Barriers
77(2)
Equipment
79(1)
Logistics
79(1)
Record Keeping
80(1)
Special Settings: Lessons in the Night
80(3)
Summary
83(2)
Designing Lessons
85(22)
Advantages of Lesson Plans
86(1)
Format
86(1)
Structure
87(9)
Assessment
96(6)
Summary
102(5)
Part III Methods and Delivery of Outdoor Education
Physical Methods
107(10)
Physical Skills Development
108(2)
Physical Manipulation
110(1)
Activities, Games, and Competitions
110(1)
Theatrics
111(2)
Initiatives and Ropes Courses
113(2)
Summary
115(2)
Cognitive Methods
117(10)
Lecture and Discussion
118(1)
Inquiry
119(1)
Videography
120(2)
Service Learning
122(3)
Written Materials
125(1)
Peer Teaching
125(1)
Summary
126(1)
Affective Methods
127(10)
Guided Discovery
129(1)
Visual Imagery
129(1)
Storytelling
130(2)
Scenarios and Case Studies
132(2)
Summary
134(3)
Sample Lessons
137(38)
Night Hike
139(11)
Map and Compass
150(4)
Maple Sugar Bush
154(4)
Weather
158(7)
Fishing Ethics
165(6)
Concepts for Sea Kayakers
171(4)
Your Future in Outdoor Education
175(12)
Working With Mainstream Education
176(1)
State Standards and High-Stakes Testing
177(2)
Professional Certification
179(1)
Education or Advocacy?
180(1)
Strategic Planning for Professional Growth
181(4)
Moving Forward in Outdoor Education
185(2)
Appendix A Professional Organizations in the United States 187(2)
Appendix B Sample Forms 189(8)
Glossary 197(4)
Bibliography 201(6)
Index 207(6)
About the Authors 213

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