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The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeologyprovides an overview of archaeological investigations in the insular Caribbean, understood here as the islands whose shores surround the Caribbean Sea and the islands of the Bahama Archipelago. Though these islands were never isolated from the surrounding mainland, their histories are sufficiently diverse to warrant their identification as distinct areas of culture. Over the past 20 years, Caribbean archaeology has been transformed from a focus on reconstructing culture histories to one on the mobility and exchange expressed in cultural and social dynamics. This Handbook brings together, for the first time, examples of the best research conducted by scholars from across the globe to address the complexity of the Caribbean past. The Handbook is divided into five sections. Part I, Islands of History and the Precolonial History of the Caribbean Islands, provides an introduction to Caribbean Archaeology and its history. The papers in the following Ethnohistory section address the diversity of cultural practices expressed in the insular Caribbean and develop historical descriptions in concert with archaeological evidence in order to place language, social organization, and the native Taínos and Island Caribs in perspective. The following section, Culture History, provides the latest research on specific geographical locations and cross-cultural engagements, from Jamaica and the Bahama archigelago to the Saladoid and the Isthmo-Antillean Engagements. Creating History, the fourth section, includes papers on specific issues related to the field, such as Zooarchaeology, Rock Art, and DNA analysis, among others. The final section, World History, centers on the consequences of European colonization.
William F. Keegan is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Florida and Curator of Caribbean Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History.
Corinne L. Hofman is Professor of Caribbean Archaeology at Leiden University, The Netherlands.
Reniel Rodríguez Ramos is Assistant Professor at the Universidad de Puerto Rico-Utuado and a Post-Doctoral Researcher at the Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden. University.
Table of Contents
Contributors List of Figures List of Tables Islands of History and the Precolonial History of the Caribbean Islands 1. Introduction to the Archaeology of the Insular Caribbean William F. Keegan, Corinne L. Hofman, and Reniel Rodríguez Ramos 2. Caribbean Archaeology in Historical Perspective Peter E. Siegel 3. The Climatic Context for pre-Columbian Archaeology in the Caribbean Jago Cooper Ethnohistory 4. Indigenous Languages of the Caribbean Julian Granberry 5. The Taínos William F. Keegan 6. Kinship and Social Organization in the Prehistoric Caribbean Bradley Ensor 7. Ethnohistory of the Caribs Louis Allaire Culture History 8. The Arawak Diaspora: Perspectives from South America Michael Heckenberger 9. The Humanization of the Insular Caribbean Reniel Rodríguez Ramos, Jaime Pagán Jiménez, and Corinne Hofman 10. Gateway to the Mainland: Trinidad and Tobago Arie Boomert 11. Isthmo-Antillean Engagements Reniel Rodríguez Ramos 12. Huecoid Culture and the Antillean Agroalfarero (Farmer-Potter) Period Luis A. Chanlatte Baik 13. Saladoid Benoît Bérard 14. The Southward Route Hypothesis Scott M. Fitzpatrick 15. The Post-Saladoid in the Lesser Antilles (AD 600/800-1492) Corinne L. Hofman 16. Meillacoid and the Origins of Classic Taino Society Peter Sinelli 17. Archaeological Practice, Archaic Presence and Interaction in Indigenous Societies in Cuba Jorge Ulloa Hung and Roberto Valcárcel Rojas. 18. Jamaica Kit Wesler 19. The Bahama archipelago Mary Jane Berman, Perry Gnivecki and Michael Pateman Creating History 20. Archaeological Views of Caribbean Seafaring Richard T. Callaghan 21. An Archaeology of Spatiality in the Caribbean Christopher F. Altes 22. Exchange as a Social Contract: A Perspective from the Microscale Joost Morsink 23. Studying Pre-Columbian Interaction Networks: Mobility and Exchange Angus A. A. Mol 24. Rethinking Chiefdoms in the Caribbean Joshua M. Torres 25. Household Archaeology Alice Samson 26. Zooarchaeology in the Caribbean: Current Research and Future Prospects Susan deFrance 27. Human-Plant Dynamics in the Precolonial Antilles: A Synthetic Update Jaime R. Pagán Jiménez 28. Stable Isotope Analysis of Paleodiet in the Caribbean William J. Pestle 29. Stable Isotope Research in Caribbean Contexts: New Perspectives on Old Questions Jason Laffoon 30. The Study of Pre-Columbian Human Remains in the Caribbean Archipelago: From Descriptive Osteology to a Bioarchaeological Approach Edwin F. Crespo Torres, Hayley L. Mickleburgh and Roberto Varcárcel Rojas 31. From Corpse Taphonomy to Mortuary Behavior in the Caribbean: A Case Study from the Lesser Antilles Menno L.P. Hoogland and Corinne L. Hofman 32. The DNA Evidence for the Human Colonization and Spread Across the Americas: Implications for the Peopling of the Caribbean Juan Martínez Cruzado 32. Rock Art of the Caribbean Michele H. Hayward, Lesley-Gail Atkinson, and Michael A. Cinquino, with contributions by Gérard Richard 33. Metals in the Indigenous Societies of the Insular Caribbean Roberto Valcárcel Rojas and Marcos Martinón Torres World History 34. New Directions in Caribbean Historical Archaeology Douglas V. Armstrong 36. Transcending Oppression: Contributions of Maroon Heritage to Freedom in World History E. Kofi Agorsah 37. The Construction of an Identity and the Politics of Remembering Carmen A. Laguer Díaz 38. Caribbean Archaeology in the Next 50 years Samuel M. Wilson