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In 2008 for the first time the majority of the planet's inhabitants lived in cities and towns. Becoming globally urban has been one of mankind's greatest collective achievements over time, and raises many questions. How did global city systems evolve and interact in the past? How have historic urban patterns impacted on those of the contemporary world? And what were the key drivers in the roller-coaster of urban change over the millennia - market forces such as trade and industry, rulers and governments, competition and collaboration between cities, or the urban environment and demographic forces? This pioneering comparative work by leading scholars drawn from a range of disciplines offers the first detailed comparative study of urban development from ancient times to the present day.
The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History explores not only the main trends in the growth of cities and towns across the world - in Asia and the Middle East, Europe, Africa, and the Americas - and the different types of cities from great metropolitan centres to suburbs, colonial cities, and market towns, but also many of the essential themes in the making and remaking of the urban world: the role of power, economic development, migration, social inequality, environmental challenge and the urban response, religion and representation, cinema, and urban creativity. Split into three parts covering Ancient cities, the medieval and early-modern period, and the modern and contemporary era, it begins with an introduction by the editor identifying the importance and challenges of research on cities in world history, as well as the crucial outlines of urban development since the earliest cities in ancient Mesopotamia to the present.
Peter Clark was until recently Professor of European Urban History at the University of Helsinki. Educated at Oxford he was the first director (1985) of the Centre for Urban History at the University of Leicester where he remains Visiting Professor. In 1989 he helped found the European Association for Urban History and he has published or edited over 20 books on urban, social, cultural and environmental history. In 2010 he received an honorary degree from Stockholm University.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction, Peter Clark Part I: Early Cities 2. Mesopotamia, Augusta McMahon 3. Cities of the Ancient Mediterranean, Robin Osborne and Andrew Wallace-Hadrill 4. Africa, David B. Mattingly and Kevin C.McDonald 5. Indus Valley, Cameron A. Petrie 6. China, Nancy Steinhardt 7. Economy, David L. Stone 8. Population and Migration, Luuk de Ligt 9. Power and Citizenship, Mario Liverani 10. Religion and Ritual, J.A. Baird 11. Planning and Environment, Raymond Laurence Part II: Pre-Modern Cities 12. Medieval Europe, Marc Boone 13. Early Modern Europe: 1500-1800, B. Blonde and Ilja Van Damme 14. Middle East: 7th-15th centuries, Dominique Valerian 15. The Ottoman City, Ebru Boyar 16. China: 600-1300, Hilde de Weerdt 17. China: 1300-1900, William T. Rowe 18. Japan's premodern urbanism, James McClain 19. Port Cities of South-East Asia: 1400-1800, Leonard Blusse 20. Latin America, Felipe Fernandez-Armesto 21. Economy, Bas van Bavel, Eltjo Buringh, Maarten Bosker, and Jan Luiten van Zanden 22. Population and Migration: European and Chinese experiences compared, Anne Winter 23. Power, Wim Blockmans and Marjolein 't Hart 24. Culture: Representations, Peter Burke Part III: Modern and Contemporary Cities 25. Europe: 1800-2000, Lynn Lees and Andrew Lees 26. Latin America, Alan Gilbert 27. North America, Carl Abbott 28. China: 1900 to the Present, Kristin Stapleton 29. Japan, Paul Waley 30. South Asia, Prashant Kidambi 31. South East Asia and Australia, Howard Dick and Peter J. Rimmer 32. Middle East, Mercedes Volait and Mohammad al-Asad 33. The modern African city and its antecedents 1000-2010, Bill Freund 34. Industrialization and the City: East and West, Ho-fung Hung and Shaohua Zhan 35. Population and Migration, Leo Lucassen 36. Poverty, Inequality, and Social Segregation, Alan Gilbert 37. The Urban Environment, Martin V. Melosi 38. Creative Cities, Marjatta Hietala and Peter Clark 39. Cinema and the City, Hannu Salmi 40. Colonial Cities, Thomas R. Metcalf 41. Contemporary Metropolitan Cities, Xiangming Chen and Henry Fitts 42. Suburbs, Jussi S. Jauhiainen 43. Port Cities, Carola Hein 44. Conclusion: Cities in Time, Penelope J. Corfield